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Aliases for PINX1 Gene

Aliases for PINX1 Gene

  • PIN2/TERF1 Interacting, Telomerase Inhibitor 1 2 3 5
  • Liver-Related Putative Tumor Suppressor 2 3 4
  • Pin2-Interacting Protein X1 3 4
  • TRF1-Interacting Protein 1 3 4
  • Protein 67-11-3 3 4
  • LPTL 3 4
  • LPTS 3 4
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma-Related Putative Tumor Suppressor 3
  • PIN2/TERF1-Interacting Telomerase Inhibitor 1 3
  • PIN2 Interacting Protein 1 2
  • PIN2-Interacting Protein 1 3
  • 67-11-3 Protein 3

External Ids for PINX1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PINX1 Gene

  • GC08M010685
  • GC08M010493
  • GC08M010659
  • GC08M009553

Summaries for PINX1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for PINX1 Gene

PINX1 (PIN2/TERF1 Interacting, Telomerase Inhibitor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PINX1 include Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Among its related pathways are Regulation of Telomerase. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and telomerase RNA binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PINX1 Gene

  • Microtubule-binding protein essential for faithful chromosome segregation. Mediates TRF1 and TERT accumulation in nucleolus and enhances TRF1 binding to telomeres. Inhibits telomerase activity. May inhibit cell proliferation and act as tumor suppressor.

Gene Wiki entry for PINX1 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PINX1 Gene

Genomics for PINX1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PINX1 Gene


Enhancers around PINX1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PINX1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000221007 84 1600 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX CREB3L1 ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1
ENSR00000221007 99 1600 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX CREB3L1 ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1

Genomic Location for PINX1 Gene

Chromosome:
8
Start:
10,764,961 bp from pter
End:
10,839,899 bp from pter
Size:
74,939 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for PINX1 Gene

Genes around PINX1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PINX1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PINX1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PINX1 Gene

Proteins for PINX1 Gene

  • Protein details for PINX1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q96BK5-PINX1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    PIN2/TERF1-interacting telomerase inhibitor 1
    Protein Accession:
    Q96BK5
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R9B1
    • Q548A5
    • Q6QWG9
    • Q7Z7J8
    • Q96QD7
    • Q9HBU7
    • Q9NWW2

    Protein attributes for PINX1 Gene

    Size:
    328 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    37035 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with MCRS1, TERT, TERF1, NCL/nucleolin, and the telomerase RNA.

    Alternative splice isoforms for PINX1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PINX1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PINX1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PINX1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PINX1 Gene

Domains & Families for PINX1 Gene

Gene Families for PINX1 Gene

Protein Domains for PINX1 Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PINX1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q96BK5

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PINX1_HUMAN :
  • The TID (telomerase inhibiting domain) domain is sufficient to bind TERT and inhibit its activity.
  • Belongs to the PINX1 family.
Domain:
  • The TID (telomerase inhibiting domain) domain is sufficient to bind TERT and inhibit its activity.
  • The TBM domain mediates interaction with TERF1.
Family:
  • Belongs to the PINX1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PINX1: view

Function for PINX1 Gene

Molecular function for PINX1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Microtubule-binding protein essential for faithful chromosome segregation. Mediates TRF1 and TERT accumulation in nucleolus and enhances TRF1 binding to telomeres. Inhibits telomerase activity. May inhibit cell proliferation and act as tumor suppressor.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PINX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003676 nucleic acid binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11701125
GO:0010521 telomerase inhibitor activity TAS 15381700
GO:0044877 macromolecular complex binding IPI 18202258
GO:0070034 telomerase RNA binding IDA 15381700
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PINX1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PINX1: view

Animal Models for PINX1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PINX1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PINX1 Gene

Localization for PINX1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PINX1 Gene

Nucleus. Nucleus, nucleolus. Chromosome, telomere. Chromosome, centromere, kinetochore. Note=Localizes in nucleoli, at telomere speckles and to the outer plate of kinetochores. Localization to the kinetochore is mediated by its central region and depends on NDC80 and CENPE.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PINX1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
nucleus 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PINX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000228 nuclear chromosome IDA 19393617
GO:0000775 chromosome, centromeric region IEA --
GO:0000776 kinetochore IEA,IDA 19393617
GO:0000777 condensed chromosome kinetochore IEA --
GO:0000781 chromosome, telomeric region IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PINX1: view

Pathways & Interactions for PINX1 Gene

SuperPathways for PINX1 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Regulation of Telomerase
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PINX1: view

Pathways by source for PINX1 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for PINX1 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for PINX1 Gene

Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PINX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007004 telomere maintenance via telomerase IEA --
GO:0007080 mitotic metaphase plate congression IMP 19393617
GO:0008285 negative regulation of cell proliferation NAS 11003615
GO:0031397 negative regulation of protein ubiquitination IMP 24415760
GO:0031647 regulation of protein stability IMP 24415760
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PINX1: view

Drugs & Compounds for PINX1 Gene

(1) Additional Compounds for PINX1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PINX1: view

Transcripts for PINX1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PINX1 Gene

PIN2/TERF1 interacting, telomerase inhibitor 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PINX1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PINX1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PINX1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PINX1

Expression for PINX1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PINX1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PINX1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Plasma (24.6), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (23.2), and Blymphocyte (14.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for PINX1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for PINX1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PINX1 Gene:

PINX1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PINX1 Gene:

Hs.490991

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PINX1 Gene:

Q96BK5-PINX1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous; expressed at low levels. Not detectable in a number of hepatocarcinoma cell lines.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PINX1 Gene

  • Liver(4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PINX1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PINX1 Gene

Orthologs for PINX1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PINX1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PINX1 35
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PINX1 34 35
  • 82.83 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PINX1 34
  • 80.92 (n)
FLJ20565 35
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pinx1 34
  • 78.21 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pinx1 34 16 35
  • 76.55 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PINX1 35
  • 70 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PINX1 35
  • 39 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PINX1 35
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.8197 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pinx1 34 35
  • 44 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG11180 35
  • 15 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea T23G7.3 35
  • 29 (a)
OneToOne
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PXR1 35 37
  • 24 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for PINX1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PINX1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PINX1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PINX1 (if available)

Paralogs for PINX1 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PINX1 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for PINX1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PINX1: view

No data available for Paralogs for PINX1 Gene

Variants for PINX1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PINX1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000011490 -- 10,782,613(+) CGCCT(A/G)TAATC intron-variant
rs1000017065 -- 10,802,608(+) TACTC(G/T)CAACC intron-variant
rs1000037906 -- 10,828,180(+) CAAGC(C/T)GAAAC intron-variant
rs1000055312 -- 10,790,417(+) ACAGG(C/T)AAGCC intron-variant
rs1000077324 -- 10,771,257(+) CAGCT(G/T)TGTGT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PINX1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv3770n106 CNV deletion 24896259
dgv447n21 CNV gain 19592680
dgv7011n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv7012n100 CNV loss 25217958
esv2391351 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2764105 CNV loss 21179565
esv3352454 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3572510 CNV loss 25503493
esv3891338 CNV loss 25118596
esv992953 CNV deletion 20482838
nsv1031726 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1077015 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1112470 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1124320 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1132970 CNV insertion 24896259
nsv1136708 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv396674 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv475608 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv508497 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv515946 CNV gain 19592680
nsv522226 CNV loss 19592680
nsv831232 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for PINX1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 88.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 6.85; 79.35% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PINX1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
PINX1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PINX1 Gene

Disorders for PINX1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for PINX1 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
hepatocellular carcinoma
  • hepatocellular carcinoma, somatic
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PINX1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for PINX1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PINX1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
PINX1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
PINX1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PINX1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PINX1 Gene

Publications for PINX1 Gene

  1. The Pin2/TRF1-interacting protein PinX1 is a potent telomerase inhibitor. (PMID: 11701125) Zhou X.Z. … Lu K.P. (Cell 2001) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Silencing PinX1 compromises telomere length maintenance as well as tumorigenicity in telomerase-positive human cancer cells. (PMID: 19117989) Zhang B. … Huang J.J. (Cancer Res. 2009) 3 4 22 64
  3. Human PinX1 mediates TRF1 accumulation in nucleolus and enhances TRF1 binding to telomeres. (PMID: 19265708) Yoo J.E. … Park Y.N. (J. Mol. Biol. 2009) 3 4 22 64
  4. Characterization of interactions between PinX1 and human telomerase subunits hTERT and hTR. (PMID: 15381700) Banik S.S.R. … Counter C.M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 3 4 22 64
  5. Identification of the gene for a novel liver-related putative tumor suppressor at a high-frequency loss of heterozygosity region of chromosome 8p23 in human hepatocellular carcinoma. (PMID: 11003615) Liao C. … Li T.P. (Hepatology 2000) 2 3 4 64

Products for PINX1 Gene

Sources for PINX1 Gene

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