Aliases for PIK3CA Gene
- Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-Bisphosphate 3-Kinase Catalytic Subunit Alpha 2 3 5
- Phosphoinositide-3-Kinase, Catalytic, Alpha Polypeptide 2 3
- Serine/Threonine Protein Kinase PIK3CA 3 4
- PtdIns-3-Kinase Subunit P110-Alpha 3 4
- PI3K-Alpha 3 4
- Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-Bisphosphate 3-Kinase Catalytic Subunit, Alpha Isoform 3
- Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Bisphosphate 3-Kinase Catalytic Subunit Alpha Isoform 3
- Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-Bisphosphate 3-Kinase 110 KDa Catalytic Subunit Alpha 3
- Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Bisphosphate 3-Kinase 110 KDa Catalytic Subunit Alpha 4
- Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-Bisphosphate 3-Kinase, Catalytic Subunit Alpha 2
- Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase, Catalytic, Alpha Polypeptide 3
- Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase, Catalytic, 110-KD, Alpha 3
- Phosphoinositide-3-Kinase Catalytic Alpha Polypeptide 4
- PI3-Kinase P110 Subunit Alpha 3
- PtdIns-3-Kinase Subunit Alpha 4
External Ids for PIK3CA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PIK3CA Gene
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is composed of an 85 kDa regulatory subunit and a 110 kDa catalytic subunit. The protein encoded by this gene represents the catalytic subunit, which uses ATP to phosphorylate PtdIns, PtdIns4P and PtdIns(4,5)P2. This gene has been found to be oncogenic and has been implicated in cervical cancers. A pseudogene of this gene has been defined on chromosome 22. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2016]
GeneCards Summary for PIK3CA Gene
PIK3CA (Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-Bisphosphate 3-Kinase Catalytic Subunit Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PIK3CA include Megalencephaly-Capillary Malformation-Polymicrogyria Syndrome, Somatic and Clove Syndrome, Somatic. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein serine/threonine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PIK3CB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PIK3CA Gene
Phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) that phosphorylates PtdIns (Phosphatidylinositol), PtdIns4P (Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate) and PtdIns(4,5)P2 (Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate) to generate phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3). PIP3 plays a key role by recruiting PH domain-containing proteins to the membrane, including AKT1 and PDPK1, activating signaling cascades involved in cell growth, survival, proliferation, motility and morphology. Participates in cellular signaling in response to various growth factors. Involved in the activation of AKT1 upon stimulation by receptor tyrosine kinases ligands such as EGF, insulin, IGF1, VEGFA and PDGF. Involved in signaling via insulin-receptor substrate (IRS) proteins. Essential in endothelial cell migration during vascular development through VEGFA signaling, possibly by regulating RhoA activity. Required for lymphatic vasculature development, possibly by binding to RAS and by activation by EGF and FGF2, but not by PDGF. Regulates invadopodia formation through the PDPK1-AKT1 pathway. Participates in cardiomyogenesis in embryonic stem cells through a AKT1 pathway. Participates in vasculogenesis in embryonic stem cells through PDK1 and protein kinase C pathway. Also has serine-protein kinase activity: phosphorylates PIK3R1 (p85alpha regulatory subunit), EIF4EBP1 and HRAS. Plays a role in the positive regulation of phagocytosis and pinocytosis (By similarity).
PI 3-Kinases (phosphoinositide 3-kinases, PI 3-Ks) are a family of lipid kinases capable of phosphorylating the 3'OH of the inositol ring of phosphoinositides. They are responsible for coordinating a diverse range of cell functions including proliferation and survival.