Aliases for PIK3C2B Gene
External Ids for PIK3C2B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PIK3C2B Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) family. PI3-kinases play roles in signaling pathways involved in cell proliferation, oncogenic transformation, cell survival, cell migration, and intracellular protein trafficking. This protein contains a lipid kinase catalytic domain as well as a C-terminal C2 domain, a characteristic of class II PI3-kinases. C2 domains act as calcium-dependent phospholipid binding motifs that mediate translocation of proteins to membranes, and may also mediate protein-protein interactions. The PI3-kinase activity of this protein is sensitive to low nanomolar levels of the inhibitor wortmanin. The C2 domain of this protein was shown to bind phospholipids but not Ca2+, which suggests that this enzyme may function in a calcium-independent manner. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PIK3C2B Gene
PIK3C2B (Phosphatidylinositol-4-Phosphate 3-Kinase, Catalytic Subunit Type 2 Beta) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Regulation of actin cytoskeleton and VEGF Signaling Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include phosphatidylinositol binding and 1-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 3-kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PIK3CB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PIK3C2B Gene
Phosphorylates PtdIns and PtdIns4P with a preference for PtdIns. Does not phosphorylate PtdIns(4,5)P2. May be involved in EGF and PDGF signaling cascades.
PI 3-Kinases (phosphoinositide 3-kinases, PI3Ks) are family of lipid kinases capable of phosphorylating the 3'OH of the inositol ring of phosphoinositides. They are responsible for coordinating a diverse range of cell functions including proliferation, cell survival, degranulation, vesicular trafficking and cell migration. The PI 3-kinases are grouped into three distinct classes. Class I PI 3-kinases are heteromeric consisting of a regulatory subunit and a 110 kDA catalytic subunits (3 forms in class 1A : alpha-, beta- and delta- and one in class 1B : gamma-). PI 3-kinases p110 alpha- and beta- are ubiquitously expressed whilst p110 delta- expression is associated with leukocytes. Activating mutations in the p110alpha- subunit have recently been discovered in certain types of cancer cell. Class II PI 3-kinases are large homomeric enzymes (C2alpha-, beta- and gamma-) that are sensitive to wortmannin (although less sensitive than Class 1 PI 3-kinases) but are resistant to LY 292002. Class III contains just one member, hVps34p, which is thought to play an important role in both protein sorting and nutrient sensing in concert with the mTOR pathway.