Aliases for PIAS1 Gene
External Ids for PIAS1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PIAS1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PIAS1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the mammalian PIAS [protein inhibitor of activated STAT-1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription-1)] family. This member contains a putative zinc-binding motif and a highly acidic region. It inhibits STAT1-mediated gene activation and the DNA binding activity, binds to Gu protein/RNA helicase II/DEAD box polypeptide 21, and interacts with androgen receptor (AR). It functions in testis as a nuclear receptor transcriptional coregulator and may have a role in AR initiation and maintenance of spermatogenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PIAS1 Gene
PIAS1 (Protein Inhibitor Of Activated STAT, 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PIAS1 include germ cell cancer. Among its related pathways are Immune System and Interleukin receptor SHC signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ZMIZ1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PIAS1 Gene
Functions as an E3-type small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) ligase, stabilizing the interaction between UBE2I and the substrate, and as a SUMO-tethering factor. Plays a crucial role as a transcriptional coregulation in various cellular pathways, including the STAT pathway, the p53 pathway and the steroid hormone signaling pathway. In vitro, binds A/T-rich DNA. The effects of this transcriptional coregulation, transactivation or silencing, may vary depending upon the biological context. Together with PRMT1, may repress STAT1 transcriptional activity, in the late phase of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) signaling. Sumoylates PML (atLys-65 and Lys-160) and PML-RAR and promotes their ubiquitin-mediated degradation. PIAS1-mediated sumoylation of PML promotes its interaction with CSNK2A1/CK2 which in turn promotes PML phosphorylation and degradation (By similarity). Enhances the sumoylation of MTA1 and may participate in its paralog-selective sumoylation. Plays a dynamic role in adipogenesis by promoting the SUMOylation and degradation of CEBPB (By similarity).