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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

PHOX2B Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 59
GCID: GC04M041746

Paired-Like Homeobox 2b

(Previous name: paired mesoderm homeobox 2b)
(Previous symbol: PMX2B)
Alzheimer's & Parkinson's Diseases Congress
  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

This gene clusters with an RNA gene
Subcategory (RNA class): lncRNA

Quality score for the ORGUL clustered with this gene is 3

Aliases
Paired-Like Homeobox 2b1 2 3     PHOX2B Homeodomain Protein2 3
PMX2B1 2 3 5     NBLST22 5
Paired Mesoderm Homeobox 2b1 2     Neuroblastoma Paired-Type Homeobox Protein2
Neuroblastoma Phox2 3     Paired Mesoderm Homeobox Protein 2B2
NBPhox2 3     NBPHOX5

External Ids:    HGNC: 91431   Entrez Gene: 89292   Ensembl: ENSG000001091327   OMIM: 6038515   UniProtKB: Q994533   
ORGUL members:         
NONCODE14:n339964      

Export aliases for PHOX2B gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC04M042029 GC04M041596 GC04M041661 GC04M041587 GC04M041440 GC04M041068


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for PHOX2B Gene:
The DNA-associated protein encoded by this gene is a member of the paired family of homeobox proteins localized to
the nucleus. The protein functions as a transcription factor involved in the development of several major
noradrenergic neuron populations and the determination of neurotransmitter phenotype. The gene product is linked
to enhancement of second messenger-mediated activation of the dopamine beta-hydroylase, c-fos promoters and
several enhancers, including cyclic amp-response element and serum-response element. (provided by RefSeq, Jul
2008)

GeneCards Summary for PHOX2B Gene: 
PHOX2B (paired-like homeobox 2b) is a protein-coding gene, and is affiliated with the lncRNA class. Diseases associated with PHOX2B include central hypoventilation syndrome, and congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. GO annotations related to this gene include RNA polymerase II regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding and sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is ALX1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PHX2B_HUMAN, Q99453
Function: Involved in the development of several major noradrenergic neuron populations, including the locus
coeruleus. Transcription factor which could determine a neurotransmitter phenotype in vertebrates. Enhances
second-messenger-mediated activation of the dopamine beta-hydrolase and c-fos promoters, and of several enhancers
including cAMP-response element and serum-response element

Gene Wiki entry for PHOX2B Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000004.11  NC_018915.2  NT_006238.11  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the PHOX2B gene promoter:
         E2F-4   E2F-3a   E2F-5   CUTL1   E2F-2   SRY   E2F   E2F-1   SEF-1 (1)   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidPHOX2B promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for PHOX2B

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat PHOX2B


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 4p12   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  4p13   HGNC cytogenetic band: 4p13

PHOX2B Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
PHOX2B gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 4         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC04M041746:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
41,746,099 bp from pter      End:
41,750,987 bp from pter
Size:
4,889 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PHX2B_HUMAN, Q99453 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Paired mesoderm homeobox protein 2B  
Size: 314 amino acids; 31621 Da
Subunit: Interacts with TRIM11 (By similarity)
Subcellular location: Nucleus (By similarity)
Secondary accessions: Q6PJD9

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for PHOX2B: NX_Q99453

Explore proteomics data for PHOX2B at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q99453

  • PHOX2B Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    PHOX2B Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins: NP_003915.2  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000226382   ENSP00000426733  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for PHOX2B: 
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    Browse Sino Biological Cell Lysates 
    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for PHOX2B 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 2 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0000790nuclear chromatin IDA16280598
    GO:0005634nucleus ----

    PHOX2B for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    PHOX2B Antibody Products: 
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    Cloud-Clone Corp. CLIAs for PHOX2B


    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    HGNC Gene Families: 
    PRD: Homeoboxes / PRD class

    3 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR017970 Homeobox_CS
     IPR001356 Homeodomain
     IPR009057 Homeodomain-like

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q99453

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q99453

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PHX2B_HUMAN, Q99453
    Similarity: Belongs to the paired homeobox family
    Similarity: Contains 1 homeobox DNA-binding domain


    PHOX2B for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: PHX2B_HUMAN, Q99453
    Function: Involved in the development of several major noradrenergic neuron populations, including the locus
    coeruleus. Transcription factor which could determine a neurotransmitter phenotype in vertebrates. Enhances
    second-messenger-mediated activation of the dopamine beta-hydrolase and c-fos promoters, and of several enhancers
    including cAMP-response element and serum-response element

         Gene Ontology (GO): 5 molecular function terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0000977RNA polymerase II regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding IDA16280598
    GO:0000978RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding IDA16144830
    GO:0003677DNA binding ----
    GO:0003700sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity IEA--
    GO:0043565sequence-specific DNA binding ----
         
    PHOX2B for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         11 MGI mutant phenotypes (inferred from 8 alleles(MGI details for Phox2b):
     behavior/neurological  cardiovascular system  cellular  embryogenesis  growth/size 
     homeostasis/metabolism  mortality/aging  nervous system  normal  respiratory system 
     vision/eye 

    PHOX2B for phenotypes           About GeneDecksing

    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for PHOX2B 
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated inducible mouse model solutions for PHOX2B

       genOway customized KO model: permanent, tissue-specific or time-controlled inactivation for PHOX2B 
       genOway customized Knockin model: humanization, point mutation, expression monitoring, etc. for PHOX2B 

    miRNA
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    8/66 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate PHOX2B (see all 66):
    hsa-miR-146a hsa-miR-4272 hsa-miR-502-3p hsa-miR-3622b-3p hsa-miR-3150b-3p hsa-miR-3148 hsa-miR-2113 hsa-miR-4324
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPHOX2B 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
        
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    OriGene RNAi products in human, mouse, rat for PHOX2B
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                         Customized lentivirus expression plasmids for stable overexpression of PHOX2B 

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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for PHOX2B


    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section

    SuperPaths for PHOX2B About                                                                                                See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Transcription factors in neurogenesis
    Transcription factors in neurogenesis
    2Neural Crest Differentiation
    Neural Crest Differentiation
    3SIDS Susceptibility Pathways
    SIDS Susceptibility Pathways

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways

    1 EMD Millipore Pathway for PHOX2B
        Transcription factors in neurogenesis


    2 BioSystems Pathways for PHOX2B
        SIDS Susceptibility Pathways
    Neural Crest Differentiation



    PHOX2B for pathways           About GeneDecksing

    Interactions:

        SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Network for PHOX2B

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see more details)

    1 Interacting protein for PHOX2B (ENSP000002263824) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    UBCENSP000003448184STRING: ENSP00000344818
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 5/28 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view) (see all 28):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0001764neuron migration ISS--
    GO:0002087regulation of respiratory gaseous exchange by neurological system process ISS--
    GO:0003357noradrenergic neuron differentiation ISS--
    GO:0003360brainstem development IEP12640453
    GO:0006351transcription, DNA-dependent IEA--

    PHOX2B for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section

    PHOX2B for compounds           About GeneDecksing

    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for PHOX2B (PHX2B)

    1 HMDB Compound for PHOX2B    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
    Cyclic AMPCyclic AMP (see all 19)60-92-4--

    5 Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for PHOX2B gene    About this table
    Compound   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    alanine 62.7 37 17045833 (5), 17300129 (3), 19191321 (2), 14566559 (2) (see all 14)
    dopamine 21.2 5 16249188 (1), 16280598 (1), 16021468 (1), 18572378 (1)
    tyrosine 8.07 6 10230790 (1), 16021468 (1), 10736201 (1), 11861481 (1)
    norepinephrine 7.54 2 16280598 (1), 15516980 (1)
    glutamine 0 1 16021468 (1)

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about PHOX2B / PHX2B

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for PHOX2B gene: 
    NM_003924.3  

    Unigene Cluster for PHOX2B:

    Paired-like homeobox 2b
    Hs.87202  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_003924
    2 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000226382(uc003gwf.4) ENST00000510424

    miRNA
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    8/66 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate PHOX2B (see all 66):
    hsa-miR-146a hsa-miR-4272 hsa-miR-502-3p hsa-miR-3622b-3p hsa-miR-3150b-3p hsa-miR-3148 hsa-miR-2113 hsa-miR-4324
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPHOX2B 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
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    Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat PHOX2B
    Sirion Biotech Customized lentivirus for stable overexpression of PHOX2B 
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      QIAGEN QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat PHOX2B
      QIAGEN QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat PHOX2B

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK311082.1 BC017199.2 D82344.1 

    1 DOTS entry:

    DT.40117788 

    18 AceView cDNA sequences:

    BC017199 CR592141 BX324379 CR615256 CR603200 BX348259 AI266171 BX394111 
    AL519054 NM_003924 BX282258 D82344 AL529004 BQ069075 BX324378 BX334182 
    BE314442 BE312054 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    PHOX2B expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)      PHOX2B embryonic expression: see
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: TGCTTATAGT
    PHOX2B Expression
    About this image


    PHOX2B expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database 
     5/12 selected tissues (see all 12) fully expand
     
     Brain (Nervous System)    fully expand to see all 17 entries
             Thalamus
             Septum   
     
     Gut Tube (Gastrointestinal Tract)    fully expand to see all 3 entries
             Midgut
     
     Neural Tube (Nervous System)    fully expand to see all 3 entries
             Rhombencephalon
     
     Spinal Cord (Nervous System)    fully expand to see all 3 entries
             Ventral funiculus   
     
     Peripheral Nervous System (Nervous System)    fully expand to see all 2 entries
             autonomic/sympathetic/ganglion   

    See PHOX2B Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for PHOX2B

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.87202

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PHX2B_HUMAN, Q99453
    Tissue specificity: Expressed in neuroblastoma, brain and adrenal gland

        SABiosciences Expression via Pathway-Focused PCR Array including PHOX2B: 
              Homeobox (HOX) Genes in human mouse rat

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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for PHOX2B

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

    Orthologs for PHOX2B gene from 7/13 species (see all 13)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Phox2b1 , 5 paired-like homeobox 2b1, 5 91.3(n)1
    100(a)1
      5 (35.95 cM)5
    189351  NM_008888.31  NP_032914.11 
     670943975 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves PHOX2B1 paired-like homeobox 2b 80.45(n)
    85.23(a)
      395548  XM_001234150.2  XP_001234151.2 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia PHOX2B6
    paired-like homeobox 2b
    94(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    5(100920164-100920370)
    African clawed frog
    (Xenopus laevis)
    Amphibia Xl.322312 Xenopus laevis transcribed sequence with strong similarity more 80.77(n)    CA987053.1 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii phox2bb1 paired-like homeobox 2bb 78.17(n)
    88.03(a)
      544654  NM_001014818.1  NP_001014818.1 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta PHDP6
    Putative homeodomain protein
    31(a)
    1 → many
    2R(19770708-19771835)
    worm
    (Caenorhabditis elegans)
    Secernentea ceh-176
    Protein CEH-17
    27(a)
    1 → many
    I(4568962-4570027)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for PHOX2B (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for PHOX2B (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for PHOX2B gene
    ALX12  ARX2  RAX2  DRGX2  PRRX12  SHOX22  PHOX2A2  ALX42  
    ISX2  RAX22  ALX32  SHOX2  OTP2  PRRX22  
    14 SIMAP similar genes for PHOX2B using alignment to 2 protein entries:     PHX2B_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    SHOX2    PITX2    PAX6    PITX1    PHOX2A    MNX1
    NKX2-5    OTX2    PRRX1    DUX2    PRRX2    HOXB1
    DRGX    RAX2

    PHOX2B for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    119/153 SNPs in PHOX2B are shown (see all 153)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 4 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    VAR_0469004
    Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS)4--see VAR_0469002 R Q mis40--------
    VAR_0469014
    Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS)4--see VAR_0469012 Q R mis40--------
    rs289397161,2,4
    Cpathogenic141639438(-) AGGCGC/GGAGTC 2 R G mis1 ese30--------
    rs1048938561,2
    Cother141638243(-) TGGGGA/GCCCAG 2 D G mis10--------
    rs1048938551,2
    Cother141639560(-) GCGGCG/TCATCC 2 R L mis10--------
    VAR_0269694
    ----see VAR_0269692 R L mis40--------
    VAR_0469024
    ----see VAR_0469022 G D mis40--------
    rs1420001111,2
    --41635745(+) CTTGCC/TGGATA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs76618541,2
    C,F--41635756(+) TCACTG/AGTCTT 1 -- ds50015Minor allele frequency- A:0.15NA WA 244
    rs1838606481,2
    --41635787(+) TCCACA/GCTGTC 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1884254231,2
    --41635793(+) CTGTCA/GTTTTA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1457756141,2
    C--41635844(+) GCCACG/TTAGTC 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs125073841,2
    H--41635901(+) TGCTTC/TTGGGG 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1477850211,2
    --41635916(+) GAAAAA/GCATGG 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1503402941,2
    --41636001(+) CCAACC/TCACCT 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1380505721,2
    C--41636004(+) ACCCAC/GCTGGA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1495364571,2
    --41636022(+) AGCCCA/GGTGAG 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs351219521,2
    C--41636089(+) AACTT-/A/AA  
            
    AAAAA
    1 -- ds50011NA 2
    rs610949151,2
    C--41636100(+) AAAAA-/AACAATG 1 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- AA:0.00NA 2
    rs2016827171,2
    --41636100(+) AAAAA-/AACAATGA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs10636111,2
    C,F--41636226(-) TGTGCA/TTATAG 1 -- ut31 ese31Minor allele frequency- T:0.07NA 120
    rs117238601,2
    C,F,H--41636501(+) TATACG/AGTCAC 1 -- ut31 ese311Minor allele frequency- A:0.33NA WA CSA EA 551
    rs592604531,2
    F--41636507(+) GTCACG/ATAGAG 1 -- ut311Minor allele frequency- A:0.05WA 118
    rs68263731,2
    C,F,A,H--41636524(+) GTCTGC/TACTGA 1 -- ut31 ese325Minor allele frequency- T:0.49NS EA NA WA CSA 2433
    rs624121801,2
    C,F--41636541(+) CACGAT/CACAAT 1 -- ut313Minor allele frequency- C:0.08NA 124
    rs1807954071,2
    --41636578(+) GACACA/CGAAAA 1 -- ut310--------
    rs1180461311,2
    C,F--41636762(+) AAACCG/CAGACA 1 -- ut311Minor allele frequency- C:0.03EA 120
    rs1849522301,2
    --41636846(+) TGACCA/CCAATC 1 -- ut310--------
    rs1897978971,2
    --41637069(+) GCGCTA/GATGGC 1 -- ut310--------
    rs731391161,2
    C--41637288(+) GATCGA/CGCCTT 1 -- ut313Minor allele frequency- C:0.04WA NA 240
    rs2016542701,2
    --41637338(+) TTGTC-/TTTTTT 1 -- ut310--------
    rs1817437621,2
    --41637396(+) TTAATC/GGTTTC 1 -- ut310--------
    rs738103411,2
    C,F--41637610(+) TCAGCA/TGGCGG 1 -- ut312Minor allele frequency- T:0.04WA 120
    rs1867781061,2
    --41637694(+) GGAAGG/TGGGTA 1 -- ut310--------
    rs1142904931,2
    C,F--41637727(+) GACGCC/TGTTTT 1 -- ut311Minor allele frequency- T:0.03NA 120
    rs759139381,2
    F--41637808(+) TTGGGC/TCTACC 1 -- ut311Minor allele frequency- T:0.03WA 118
    rs178858641,2
    C,F--41637963(-) GGTCCC/ATTCGC 2 /P syn1 ese32Minor allele frequency- A:0.03NA EU 5237
    rs1385457721,2
    C,F--41638001(+) GGGGCC/TGGGGC 2 S G mis11Minor allele frequency- T:0.00NA 2816
    rs178847241,2
    C--41638071(-) GCGGCA/CGCGGC 2 A syn10--------
    rs178823351,2
    C--41638083(-) GCAGCA/GGCGGC 2 A syn10--------
    rs1909733081,2
    C--41638191(+) CCGCCA/GCCGCC 2 G syn10--------
    rs178792581,2
    C,F--41638194(-) GGAGGC/GGGCGG 2 G syn11Minor allele frequency- G:0.00NA 2574
    rs178852161,2
    C,F--41638281(-) GAGAGC/TAAAGA 2 S syn12Minor allele frequency- T:0.01NA EU 5845
    rs178814861,2
    C,F--41638383(-) CGCCGC/GGCCAA 2 R syn1 ese31Minor allele frequency- G:0.01NA 3540
    rs21968221,2
    C,F,A--41638575(-) ACAGCA/CATAAG 1 -- int17Minor allele frequency- C:0.43WA NA CSA EA 366
    rs1861905671,2
    --41638594(+) GGAGAA/GACTTT 1 -- int10--------
    rs1899045671,2
    --41638602(+) TTTCTC/TAGGGG 1 -- int10--------
    rs790362011,2
    --41638624(+) CCAGGA/GACATG 1 -- int10--------
    rs1828122981,2
    C--41638640(+) TTGCGG/TCAGAG 1 -- int10--------
    rs770638471,2
    F--41638772(+) AAAGTT/CAAACT 1 -- int11Minor allele frequency- C:0.03WA 118
    rs2021283841,2
    --41638808(+) CTCTC-/TGGGTTT 1 -- int10--------
    rs1880215281,2
    --41638816(+) GTTTGC/TTCCGC 1 -- int10--------
    rs1427173841,2
    --41638870(+) CGCACA/CGCTTC 1 -- int10--------
    rs1460668031,2
    --41639132(+) GCACAC/TCTTCC 1 -- int10--------
    rs1483161141,2
    --41639248(+) CAAGAG/TCGTGC 1 -- int10--------
    rs286475821,2
    C,F--41639329(+) CCTTCT/CCACTC 1 -- int110Minor allele frequency- C:0.43NA WA CSA EA 373
    rs1141587431,2
    F--41639350(+) GACTTC/AGAATT 1 -- int11Minor allele frequency- A:0.02WA 118
    rs2007564671,2
    --41639399(+) TGCGGC/TGGAGC 1 -- int10--------
    rs1996112601,2
    C--41639550(+) AAAGTC/GGTGCG 2 T syn10--------
    rs2018921501,2
    --41639571(+) TGCTTC/GCGCTT 2 R syn10--------
    rs1912399941,2
    --41639693(+) TGAGGA/GCTCCA 1 -- int10--------
    rs1835365651,2
    --41639700(+) TCCAAA/GGTCAG 1 -- int10--------
    rs68113251,2
    C,F--41639732(+) ACACCC/TGCGCG 1 -- int111Minor allele frequency- T:0.44NA WA CSA EA 374
    rs1414872051,2
    --41639758(+) GAAGCC/TGCGGG 1 -- int10--------
    rs732337301,2
    --41639847(+) GCCTTC/TGGGTG 1 -- int10--------
    rs46088401,2
    C,F,A,H--41640002(+) ATTCTC/TAGAAA 1 -- int112Minor allele frequency- T:0.40NS EA NA WA CSA 785
    rs1996131301,2
    --41640117(+) TTCTT-/AAAAAA 1 -- int10--------
    rs2010732511,2
    --41640436(+) AGAAAA/GCTGAA 1 -- int10--------
    rs738103661,2
    C,F--41640458(+) GCGGCG/ATACGG 2 /Y syn13Minor allele frequency- A:0.00WA NA 4578
    rs2000383271,2
    --41640602(+) TCAGCA/GTAGGC 2 Y syn10--------
    rs3730630401,2
    C--41640719(+) GCCAAA/GTGGAA 1 -- ut510--------
    rs1508719591,2
    --41641079(+) CCCCTA/GATCCT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs603025161,2
    C,F--41641268(+) TTTTTC/ACCCCT 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- A:0.11EA 120
    rs284621741,2
    C,F--41641275(+) CCCTCG/AGTTAG 1 -- us2k15Minor allele frequency- A:0.13NA WA 244
    rs1874080571,2
    --41641349(+) AACAAA/GCCTAC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs287274731,2
    C,F--41641387(+) GGACTG/AGGACA 1 -- us2k15Minor allele frequency- A:0.11NA WA 244
    rs1393826721,2
    C--41641409(+) CAGGCA/GCCCTG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1500590321,2
    --41641419(+) GTAACA/GTAGAG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1921034351,2
    --41641548(+) TTGCAA/GCTAAA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1850303281,2
    --41641770(+) GTGTAC/TCCAAA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1878750631,2
    --41641780(+) ATGTAG/TCTCCT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs738103671,2
    C--41641786(+) CTCCTC/TTTTCA 1 -- us2k12Minor allele frequency- T:0.04WA 120
    rs38348071,2
    C--41641825(+) GCCTCT/-TTTTT 1 -- us2k1 trp32Minor allele frequency- -:0.25NA CSA 4
    rs738103691,2
    C,F--41641897(+) TGCGGG/ACTGTA 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- A:0.50WA 2
    rs1842738481,2
    --41642110(+) ACTATA/TTCATT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1895835881,2
    --41642142(+) AAGAGG/TGGGAA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs117245131,2
    H--41642154(+) GCTTAG/TCTGAA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1811750351,2
    --41642297(+) TCTTTA/TTAGGG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1843865341,2
    --41642356(+) TAGTGC/TCGGGG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1473144431,2
    --41642418(+) CTGCCC/GCGGAC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs787291821,2
    C,F--41642455(+) GGTCCC/TCCAGC 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- T:0.04WA 118
    rs1138326111,2
    F--41642632(+) CAATGC/TGTATT 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- T:0.50CSA 2
    rs1890664701,2
    --41642838(+) CAAAGA/GCGGAT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1441699741,2
    C--41643004(+) GGTGGC/GGGATA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs38336221,2
    C--41747149(+) TCCCT-/AACTCT 1 -- ut311Minor allele frequency- A:0.50CSA 2
    rs30386921,2
    C--41748739(+) CCTCTCT/-GGGTT 1 -- int11Minor allele frequency- -:0.50CSA 2
    rs722667791,2
    C--41749971(+) GAAAG-/AGCTGCA 1 -- int10--------
    rs359772991,2
    ----41636433(+) ATTGAA/CCCCGT 1 -- ut310--------
    rs3714190841,2
    ----41640413(+) CGGAAA/TGGCGG 1 -- int10--------
    rs359206351,2
    ----41640036(+) GGAAA-/GAGCTG 1 -- int10--------
    rs1127146311,2
    ----41637623(+) CCCTGC/GCCCCG 1 -- ut310--------
    rs1474970961,2
    ----41639454(+) AGGTCG/AATCTT 2 /I syn11Minor allele frequency- A:0.00NA 4504
    rs797536201,2
    ----41641477(+) AAATAC/TACCTG 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- T:0.50NA 2
    rs1448310321,2
    ----41636089(+) AACTT-/AAAAAAA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1444148061,2
    ----41638242(+) CCTGGG/CCCCCC 2 /G syn11Minor allele frequency- C:0.00NA 4476
    rs3704500451,2
    ----41642494(+) GGCTCG/TTTCAG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1131480061,2
    ----41635808(+) CACCTC/TAAAGA 1 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- T:0.50CSA 2
    rs3680913621,2
    ----41636102(+) AAAAA-/CAATG 
     ACCAACC
    AAAAA
    1 -- ds50010--------
    rs3690608011,2
    ----41640138(+) GCCAGA/TATGAG 1 -- int10--------
    rs361258271,2
    ----41642499(+) TTTCA-/GGGTGG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs3719497361,2
    ----41638481(+) AGGGTA/GCCCAA 1 -- int10--------
    rs3759579441,2
    ----41639392(+) GGACCA/GGTGCG 1 -- int10--------
    rs3714020861,2
    ----41637056(+) GTGGGA/GTTCCG 1 -- ut310--------
    rs3708377571,2
    ----41641696(+) GCAAGC/TCTTGG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs3719289861,2
    ----41747377(+) TTTTT-/TCTAAA 2 -- ut310--------
    rs1118418021,2
    ----41635994(+) AGATGG/TCCCAA 1 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- T:0.50CSA 2
    rs3740567761,2
    ----41636142(+) ATCAAA/GAAAAA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs3726714351,2
    ----41637980(+) CGAATC/GCGGGA 2 H D mis10--------
    rs1127186331,2
    ----41639517(+) ACCCTG/TTCCAG 2 E D mis11Minor allele frequency- T:0.00CSA 1

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for PHOX2B (41746099 - 41750987 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for PHOX2B:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    esv32898CNV Gain17666407


    Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD): PHOX2B
    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing PHOX2B
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for PHOX2B

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Novoseek, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 603851   
    OMIM disorders: 209880  142623  613013  
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PHX2B_HUMAN, Q99453
  • Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) [MIM:209880]: Rare disorder characterized by abnormal
    control of respiration in the absence of neuromuscular or lung disease, or an identifiable brain stem lesion. A
    deficiency in autonomic control of respiration results in inadequate or negligible ventilatory and arousal
    responses to hypercapnia and hypoxemia. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in
    this entry
  • Neuroblastoma 2 (NBLST2) [MIM:613013]: A common neoplasm of early childhood arising from embryonic cells
    that form the primitive neural crest and give rise to the adrenal medulla and the sympathetic nervous system.
    Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry

  • 20/22 diseases for PHOX2B (see all 22):    About MalaCards
    central hypoventilation syndrome    congenital central hypoventilation syndrome    neuroblastoma    phox2b-related neuroblastoma, susceptibility
    neuroblastoma, susceptibility    hirschsprung disease, short-segment    adrenal neuroblastoma    exotropia
    autonomic dysfunction    learning disability    sudden infant death syndrome    cor pulmonale
    crohn's disease    hirschsprung's disease    sleep apnea    type 1 diabetes mellitus
    hyperinsulinism    type 1 diabetes    neuronitis    diabetes mellitus

    3 diseases from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for PHOX2B:
    Hirschsprung's disease     Adrenal neuroblastoma     Neuroblastoma

    PHOX2B for disorders           About GeneDecksing


    Congresses - knowledge worth sharing:  
    Alzheimer's & Parkinson's Diseases Congress (ADPD) 18 - 22 March 2015

    5 Novoseek inferred disease relationships for PHOX2B gene    About this table

    Disease   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    central hypoventilation syndrome, congenital 98.3 40 16882781 (5), 17045833 (2), 18407552 (2), 18798833 (2) (see all 29)
    hirschsprung disease 86.8 12 16249188 (1), 15949893 (1), 19735829 (1), 15930201 (1) (see all 11)
    sudden infant death syndrome 37 1 15185974 (1)
    atrophy 0 1 15150159 (1)
    tumors 0 6 15657873 (2), 19212675 (1), 16888290 (1), 20208042 (1)

    GeneTests: PHOX2B
    GeneReviews: PHOX2B
    Genetic Association Database (GAD): PHOX2B
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: PHOX2B (18 documents)

    Export disorders for PHOX2B gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for PHOX2B gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 145):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with PHOX2B)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. PHOX2B genotype allows for prediction of tumor risk in congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. (PubMed id 15657873)1, 2, 4, 9 Trochet D....Amiel J. (2005)
    2. Germline mutations of the paired-like homeobox 2B (PHOX2B) gene in neuroblastoma. (PubMed id 15024693)1, 2, 4, 9 Trochet D.... Amiel J. (2004)
    3. PHOX2B analysis in non-syndromic neuroblastoma cases shows novel mutations and genotype-phenotype associations. (PubMed id 16691592)1, 2, 4 McConville C....Rahman N. (2006)
    4. Genomic structure and functional characterization of NBPhox (PMX2B), a homeodomain protein specific to catecholaminergic cells that is involved in second messenger-mediated transcriptional activation. (PubMed id 10395798)1, 2, 3 Yokoyama M.... Nakamura M. (1999)
    5. Identification and cloning of neuroblastoma-specific and nerve tissue-specific genes through compiled expression profiles. (PubMed id 9039501)1, 2, 3 Yokoyama M.... Matsubara K. (1996)
    6. Association analysis of the PHOX2B gene with Hirschsp rung disease in the Han Chinese population of Southeastern China. (PubMed id 19735829)1, 4, 9 Liu C.P....Li J.C. (2009)
    7. Genetic association analyses of PHOX2B and ASCL1 in neuropsychiatric disorders: evidence for association of ASCL1 with Parkinson's disease. (PubMed id 16021468)1, 4, 9 Ide M....Yoshikawa T. (2005)
    8. Paired-like homeodomain proteins Phox2a/Arix and Phox2b/NBPhox have similar genetic organization and independently regulate dopamine beta- hydroxylase gene transcription. (PubMed id 11034547)1, 2, 9 Adachi M.... Lewis E.J. (2000)
    9. Unequal crossover recombination - population screening for PHOX2B gene polyalanine polymorphism using CE. (PubMed id 17300129)1, 4, 9 Hung C.C....Hsu S.M. (2007)
    10. Molecular analysis of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. (PubMed id 14566559)1, 2, 9 Sasaki A.... Hayasaka K. (2003)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
    About This Section
     ANDOR
    Aliases
    Disorders
    Free Text  

      Query String
    PubMed
    OMIM
    NCBI Bookshelf
      (Note: In FireFox, select the above section and copy using Ctrl-C)

    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 8929 HGNC: 9143 AceView: PHOX2B Ensembl:ENSG00000109132 euGenes: HUgn8929
    ECgene: PHOX2B H-InvDB: PHOX2B

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for PHOX2B Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways
    GeneReviewshttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/GeneTests/lab/gene/PHOX2B

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for PHOX2B gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving PHOX2B

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, SABiosciences, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Gene Editing from DNA2.0 and Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Cell lines from GenScript, and LifeMap BioReagents, PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, and/or Enzo Life Sciences, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
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    About This Section

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     Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat PHOX2B
     inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for PHOX2B
     inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated inducible mouse model solutions for PHOX2B
    Customized:
     lentivirus for stable overexpression of PHOX2B
     lentivirus expression plasmids for stable overexpression of PHOX2B
     adenovirus for overexpression of PHOX2B
     LSBio Antibodies in human, mouse, rat for PHOX2B
    Customized transgenic rodents for:
     Humanization
     Biomarker expression
     Off-target effect monitoring
     Translational medicine
     Tissue-specific gene expresssion
     Time-controlled gene expresssion
           
    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 23 Oct 2013 - Incrementals: 4 Nov 2013 , 7 Nov 2013 , 23 Jan 2014

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    (GIFtS: 73)
    transforming growth factor, beta 1
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