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Aliases for PHC1 Gene

Aliases for PHC1 Gene

  • Polyhomeotic Homolog 1 (Drosophila) 2 3
  • HPH1 3 4 6
  • EDR1 3 4 6
  • Early Development Regulator 1 (Homolog Of Polyhomeotic 1) 2 3
  • Early Development Regulatory Protein 1 3 4
  • MCPH11 3 6
  • RAE28 3 6
  • Polyhomeotic-Like 1 (Drosophila) 2
  • Polyhomeotic-Like Protein 1 3
  • Polyhomeotic-Like 1 3
  • PH1 4

External Ids for PHC1 Gene

Previous Symbols for PHC1 Gene

  • EDR1

Summaries for PHC1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PHC1 Gene

  • This gene is a homolog of the Drosophila polyhomeotic gene, which is a member of the Polycomb group of genes. The gene product is a component of a multimeric protein complex that contains EDR2 and the vertebrate Polycomb protein BMH1. The gene product, the EDR2 protein, and the Drosophila polyhomeotic protein share 2 highly conserved domains, named homology domains I and II. These domains are involved in protein-protein interactions and may mediate heterodimerization of the protein encoded by this gene and the EDR2 protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PHC1 Gene

PHC1 (Polyhomeotic Homolog 1 (Drosophila)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PHC1 include microcephaly 11, primary, autosomal recessive and primary autosomal recessive microcephalies and seckel syndrome spectrum disorders. Among its related pathways are Cellular Senescence and Cellular Senescence. GO annotations related to this gene include chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is SAMD7.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PHC1 Gene

  • Component of a Polycomb group (PcG) multiprotein PRC1-like complex, a complex class required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of many genes, including Hox genes, throughout development. PcG PRC1 complex acts via chromatin remodeling and modification of histones; it mediates monoubiquitination of histone H2A Lys-119, rendering chromatin heritably changed in its expressibility. Required for proper control of cellular levels of GMNN expression.

Gene Wiki entry for PHC1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PHC1 Gene

Genomics for PHC1 Gene

Genomic Location for PHC1 Gene

Start:
8,913,896 bp from pter
End:
8,941,467 bp from pter
Size:
27,572 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for PHC1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for PHC1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PHC1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PHC1 Gene

Proteins for PHC1 Gene

  • Protein details for PHC1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P78364-PHC1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Polyhomeotic-like protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    P78364
    Secondary Accessions:
    • D3DUV4
    • Q8WVM3
    • Q9BU63

    Protein attributes for PHC1 Gene

    Size:
    1004 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    105534 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Component of a PRC1-like complex.
    Miscellaneous:
    • The hPRC-H complex purification reported by PubMed:12167701 probably presents a mixture of different PRC1-like complexes
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAH17748.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PHC1 Gene

neXtProt entry for PHC1 Gene

Proteomics data for PHC1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PHC1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PHC1 Gene

Domains for PHC1 Gene

Gene Families for PHC1 Gene

HGNC:
  • SAMD :Sterile alpha motif (SAM) domain containing

Protein Domains for PHC1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PHC1_HUMAN
Domain:
  • Contains 1 SAM (sterile alpha motif) domain.:
    • P78364
Similarity:
  • Contains 1 FCS-type zinc finger.:
    • P78364
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PHC1: view

Function for PHC1 Gene

Molecular function for PHC1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Component of a Polycomb group (PcG) multiprotein PRC1-like complex, a complex class required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of many genes, including Hox genes, throughout development. PcG PRC1 complex acts via chromatin remodeling and modification of histones; it mediates monoubiquitination of histone H2A Lys-119, rendering chromatin heritably changed in its expressibility. Required for proper control of cellular levels of GMNN expression.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PHC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0003682 chromatin binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PHC1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PHC1: view

Animal Models for PHC1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PHC1:

miRNA for PHC1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PHC1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for PHC1 Gene

Localization for PHC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PHC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PHC1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PHC1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PHC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001739 sex chromatin IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21282530
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0016604 nuclear body IEA --
GO:0031519 PcG protein complex IDA 21282530
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PHC1: view

Pathways for PHC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PHC1: view

Pathways by source for PHC1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PHC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007275 multicellular organismal development IEA --
GO:0016574 histone ubiquitination IDA 23418308
GO:0016925 protein sumoylation TAS --
GO:0043687 post-translational protein modification TAS --
GO:0044267 cellular protein metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PHC1: view

Transcripts for PHC1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PHC1 Gene

Polyhomeotic homolog 1 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PHC1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PHC1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PHC1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PHC1

Expression for PHC1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PHC1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for PHC1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PHC1 Gene Hs.744902

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with PHC1: view

Orthologs for PHC1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PHC1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PHC1 36
  • 99.24 (n)
  • 99.6 (a)
PHC1 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PHC1 36
  • 88.41 (n)
  • 94.09 (a)
PHC1 37
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PHC1 37
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Phc1 36
  • 88.84 (n)
  • 92.53 (a)
Phc1 16
Phc1 37
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PHC1 37
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PHC1 37
  • 55 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Phc1 36
  • 89.07 (n)
  • 92.82 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PHC1 36
  • 72.79 (n)
  • 77.76 (a)
PHC1 37
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PHC1 37
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.16260 36
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100488113 36
  • 64.54 (n)
  • 69.39 (a)
Str.2700 36
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii phc1 37
  • 35 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta ph-d 37
  • 16 (a)
ManyToMany
ph-p 37
  • 16 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 37
  • 27 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for PHC1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PHC1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PHC1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PHC1 (if available)

Paralogs for PHC1 Gene

Paralogs for PHC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PHC1: view

Variants for PHC1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PHC1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs887782 -- 8,932,082(+) CGTTG(A/G)CATCT intron-variant
rs887783 -- 8,932,503(+) ATTTA(A/G)AATGA intron-variant
rs1049925 - 8,934,302(-) TGGAG(C/T)ATTAG reference, missense
rs1049948 -- 8,937,932(-) GGTCA(C/T)GTTCT missense, reference
rs1476911 -- 8,938,263(+) ACAGT(A/G)TTTGA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PHC1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv832327 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv52793 CNV Loss 16902084

Relevant External Links for PHC1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
PHC1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PHC1

Disorders for PHC1 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for PHC1 Gene (602978)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

PHC1_HUMAN
  • Microcephaly 11, primary, autosomal recessive (MCPH11) [MIM:615414]: A form of microcephaly, a disease defined as a head circumference more than 3 standard deviations below the age-related mean. Brain weight is markedly reduced and the cerebral cortex is disproportionately small. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23418308}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for PHC1 Gene

(2) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for PHC1 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
hodgkin disease 50.6 1
tumors 1.51 1

Relevant External Links for PHC1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PHC1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PHC1: view

Publications for PHC1 Gene

  1. Identification and characterization of interactions between the vertebrate polycomb-group protein BMI1 and human homologs of polyhomeotic. (PMID: 9121482) Gunster M.J. … Otte A.P. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1997) 2 3 4 23
  2. RING1 is associated with the polycomb group protein complex and acts as a transcriptional repressor. (PMID: 9199346) Satijn D.P.E. … Otte A.P. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1997) 3 4 23
  3. Structure and chromosomal localization of the RAE28/HPH1 gene, a human homologue of the polyhomeotic gene. (PMID: 10902910) Ohta H. … Takihara Y. (DNA Seq. 2000) 3 23
  4. The core of the polycomb repressive complex is compositionally and functionally conserved in flies and humans. (PMID: 12167701) Levine S.S. … Kingston R.E. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 2002) 3 4
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4

Products for PHC1 Gene

Sources for PHC1 Gene

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