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Aliases for PGC Gene

Aliases for PGC Gene

  • Progastricsin 2 3 5
  • Pepsinogen C 2 3 4
  • EC 4 58
  • Progastricsin (Pepsinogen C) 2
  • Pepsinogen Group II 3
  • Preprogastricsin 3
  • Gastricsin 3
  • EC 3.4.23 58
  • Pepsin C 3
  • PGII 3
  • PEPC 3

External Ids for PGC Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PGC Gene

  • GC06M041706
  • GC06M041751
  • GC06M041813
  • GC06M041704
  • GC06M041423

Summaries for PGC Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PGC Gene

  • This gene encodes an aspartic proteinase that belongs to the peptidase family A1. The encoded protein is a digestive enzyme that is produced in the stomach and constitutes a major component of the gastric mucosa. This protein is also secreted into the serum. This protein is synthesized as an inactive zymogen that includes a highly basic prosegment. This enzyme is converted into its active mature form at low pH by sequential cleavage of the prosegment that is carried out by the enzyme itself. Polymorphisms in this gene are associated with susceptibility to gastric cancers. Serum levels of this enzyme are used as a biomarker for certain gastric diseases including Helicobacter pylori related gastritis. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A pseudogene of this gene is found on chromosome 1. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

GeneCards Summary for PGC Gene

PGC (Progastricsin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PGC include Gastritis and Atrophic Gastritis. GO annotations related to this gene include aspartic-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PGA3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PGC Gene

  • Hydrolyzes a variety of proteins.

Gene Wiki entry for PGC Gene

Additional gene information for PGC Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PGC Gene

Genomics for PGC Gene

Regulatory Elements for PGC Gene

Enhancers for PGC Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH06H041704 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.7 +47.6 47644 4.9 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 SIN3A ARID4B ZNF2 ZNF143 ZNF207 FOS ATF7 TFEB TAF8 PGC UBR2 MDFI TREML3P ENSG00000124593 TREM1 GC06M041708 GC06M041707
GH06H041718 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.7 +26.6 26611 17.5 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YBX1 YY1 ZNF766 PGC TFEB ENSG00000124593 ENSG00000231102
GH06H041711 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.7 +40.6 40630 3.8 TBP HDGF ZSCAN4 KLF17 BATF YY1 FOS ATF7 ETV6 RUNX3 TFEB PGC MDFI GC06P041717 GC06M041708 GC06M041707
GH06H041715 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.8 +37.1 37127 2.3 ZNF687 ZNF792 EBF1 ZIC2 ZFHX2 ZKSCAN8 GLIS1 FOS SPI1 PGC MDFI ENSG00000124593 ENSG00000231102 GC06P041717
GH06H041697 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.1 +55.6 55577 3 KLF1 ZEB2 ATF2 ZNF121 JUND POLR2A IKZF1 PATZ1 FOS SP7 TFEB ENSG00000231102 PGC MDFI MED20 GC06M041708 GC06M041707 GC06P041669
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around PGC on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for PGC Gene

Genomic Locations for PGC Gene
17,399 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PGC Gene

Genes around PGC on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PGC Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PGC Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PGC Gene

Proteins for PGC Gene

  • Protein details for PGC Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DVZ3
    • Q5T3D7
    • Q5T3D8

    Protein attributes for PGC Gene

    388 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    42426 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAA60062.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PGC Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PGC Gene


neXtProt entry for PGC Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for PGC Gene


Post-translational modifications for PGC Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PGC Gene

Domains & Families for PGC Gene

Gene Families for PGC Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PGC Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the peptidase A1 family.
  • Belongs to the peptidase A1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PGC: view

Function for PGC Gene

Molecular function for PGC Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
progastricsin (pepsinogen C)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
More restricted specificity than pepsin A, but shows preferential cleavage at Tyr- -Xaa bonds. High activity on hemoglobin.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Hydrolyzes a variety of proteins.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PGC Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PGC Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PGC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004190 aspartic-type endopeptidase activity TAS,IMP 12759353
GO:0008233 peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PGC: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PGC: view

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PGC Gene

Localization for PGC Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PGC Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PGC gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 3
plasma membrane 2
mitochondrion 2
cytosol 2
lysosome 2
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PGC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space TAS,IDA 12759353
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PGC: view

Pathways & Interactions for PGC Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PGC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002803 positive regulation of antibacterial peptide production IMP 12759353
GO:0006508 proteolysis TAS,IEA --
GO:0006914 autophagy IBA --
GO:0007586 digestion IEA --
GO:0030163 protein catabolic process IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PGC: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for PGC Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PGC Gene

(1) Drugs for PGC Gene - From: DGIdb

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Ecabet Approved, Investigational Pharma 5

(1) Additional Compounds for PGC Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PGC: view

Transcripts for PGC Gene

Unigene Clusters for PGC Gene

Progastricsin (pepsinogen C):
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PGC Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for PGC Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PGC Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PGC Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PGC Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Stomach (x51.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PGC Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Stomach (49.9) and Cardia (15.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for PGC Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PGC Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PGC Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PGC Gene

  • Stomach(5)
  • Liver(4.2)
  • Lung(2.5)
  • Intestine(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PGC: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PGC Gene

Orthologs for PGC Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PGC Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PGC 33 34
  • 99.57 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PGC 33 34
  • 86.56 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PGC 34
  • 80 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pgc 33
  • 79.98 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pgc 33 16 34
  • 78.87 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PGC 34
  • 61 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PGC 34
  • 44 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PGC 33 34
  • 71.25 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PGC 34
  • 73 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC496913 33
  • 66.85 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia pgc-A 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG13095 35
  • 43 (a)
CG17134 35
  • 43 (a)
CG6508 35
  • 42 (a)
pcl 35
  • 41 (a)
CG10104 35
  • 39 (a)
CG5860 35
  • 37 (a)
CG17283 35
  • 35 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea asp-2 35
  • 34 (a)
C11D2.2 35
  • 34 (a)
Y39B6A.23 35
  • 34 (a)
asp-6 35
  • 33 (a)
F21F8.4 35
  • 33 (a)
asp-5 35
  • 32 (a)
Y39B6A.21 35
  • 32 (a)
Y39B6A.24 35
  • 32 (a)
C15C8.3 35
  • 31 (a)
F28A12.4 35
  • 31 (a)
F59D6.2 35
  • 31 (a)
Y39B6A.22 35
  • 31 (a)
F59D6.3 35
  • 30 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ACR144W 33
  • 50.75 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes YPS3 36
Species where no ortholog for PGC was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for PGC Gene

Gene Tree for PGC (if available)
Gene Tree for PGC (if available)

Paralogs for PGC Gene

Paralogs for PGC Gene

(7) SIMAP similar genes for PGC Gene using alignment to 3 proteins: Pseudogenes for PGC Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PGC: view

Variants for PGC Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PGC Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000033663 -- 41,747,796(+) TTTGT(G/T)GTGGG upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000188570 -- 41,746,252(+) AGCTG(A/G)ATGTG intron-variant
rs1000408957 -- 41,746,533(+) TAGGG(A/G)TCCAC intron-variant
rs1000831353 -- 41,740,290(+) TCCCT(A/G)TGTTG intron-variant
rs1000985009 -- 41,747,612(+) TAAGA(A/G)AGAAA upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PGC Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv602988 CNV loss 21841781
esv2731978 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2731977 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2211967 CNV deletion 18987734
dgv10637n54 CNV gain 21841781

Variation tolerance for PGC Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 46.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.05; 21.42% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PGC Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PGC Gene

Disorders for PGC Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for PGC Gene - From: HGMD, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • acute gastric mucosal erosion
atrophic gastritis
  • gastric atrophy
  • dyspepsia, indigestion nos
peptic esophagitis
  • peptic reflux disease
stomach cancer
  • gastric cancer
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PGC in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for PGC

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PGC: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PGC Gene

Publications for PGC Gene

  1. Structural characterization of activation 'intermediate 2' on the pathway to human gastricsin. (PMID: 9406551) Khan AR … James MN (Nature structural biology 1997) 3 4 22 60
  2. Crystal and molecular structures of human progastricsin at 1.62 A resolution. (PMID: 7714902) Moore SA … James MN (Journal of molecular biology 1995) 3 4 22 60
  3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 45 60
  4. Impact of pepsinogen C polymorphism on individual susceptibility to gastric cancer and its precancerous conditions in a Northeast Chinese population. (PMID: 19132389) Sun LP … Yuan Y (Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology 2009) 3 45 60
  5. [Correlation of pepsinogen C (PGC) gene insertion/deletion polymorphism to PGC protein expression in gastric mucosa and serum]. (PMID: 19624876) Sun LP … Yuan Y (Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 2009) 3 45 60

Products for PGC Gene

Sources for PGC Gene

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