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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

PGC Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 61
GCID: GC06M041704

Progastricsin (Pepsinogen C)

Microbiology & Infectious Diseases Congress
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(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Progastricsin (Pepsinogen C)1 2     gastricsin2
Pepsinogen C2 3     Pepsin C2
EC 3.4.23.33 8     Pepsinogen Group II2
PEPC2     preprogastricsin2
PGII2     EC 3.4.238

External Ids:    HGNC: 88901   Entrez Gene: 52252   Ensembl: ENSG000000960887   OMIM: 1697405   UniProtKB: P201423   

Export aliases for PGC gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC06M041706 GC06M041751 GC06M041813 GC06M041423


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for PGC Gene:
This gene encodes an aspartic proteinase that belongs to the peptidase family A1. The encoded protein is a
digestive enzyme that is produced in the stomach and constitutes a major component of the gastric mucosa. This
protein is also secreted into the serum. This protein is synthesized as an inactive zymogen that includes a
highly basic prosegment. This enzyme is converted into its active mature form at low pH by sequential cleavage of
the prosegment that is carried out by the enzyme itself. Polymorphisms in this gene are associated with
susceptibility to gastric cancers. Serum levels of this enzyme are used as a biomarker for certain gastric
diseases including Helicobacter pylori related gastritis. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript
variants. A pseudogene of this gene is found on chromosome 1. (provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009)

GeneCards Summary for PGC Gene: 
PGC (progastricsin (pepsinogen C)) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with PGC include gastritis, and stomach cancer. GO annotations related to this gene include aspartic-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is BACE1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PEPC_HUMAN, P20142
Function: Hydrolyzes a variety of proteins

Gene Wiki entry for PGC (Gastricsin) Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000006.11  NC_018917.2  NT_007592.15  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the PGC gene promoter:
         HOXA9B   C/EBPbeta   p53   p300   Brachyury   FOXD1   Meis-1b   MZF-1   CP2   Meis-1   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidPGC promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for PGC

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat PGC


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 6p21.1   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  6p21.1   HGNC cytogenetic band: 6p21.1

PGC Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
PGC gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 6         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC06M041704:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
41,704,449 bp from pter      End:
41,721,847 bp from pter
Size:
17,399 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PEPC_HUMAN, P20142 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Gastricsin precursor  
Size: 388 amino acids; 42426 Da
Subcellular location: Secreted
Sequence caution: Sequence=AAA60062.1; Type=Erroneous initiation;
2 PDB 3D structures from and Proteopedia for PGC:
1AVF (3D)        1HTR (3D)    
Secondary accessions: B4DVZ3 Q5T3D7 Q5T3D8
Alternative splicing: 2 isoforms:  P20142-1   P20142-2   

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for PGC: NX_P20142

Explore proteomics data for PGC at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_P20142

  • 4/19 DME Specific Peptides for PGC (P20142) (see all 19)
     NNRVGFA  RVGFATA  SLYTGQI  ILGDVFL 

    PGC Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    PGC Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_001159896.1  NP_002621.1  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000362116   ENSP00000349094   ENSP00000399429   ENSP00000405094  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for PGC: 
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    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for PGC 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005615extracellular space TAS3335549
    GO:0005634nucleus IDA--
    GO:0005730NOT nucleolus IDA--

    PGC for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    Cloud-Clone Corp. CLIAs for PGC


    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    4 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR021109 Peptidase_aspartic
     IPR001969 Peptidase_aspartic_AS
     IPR012848 Propep_A1
     IPR001461 Peptidase_A1

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry P20142

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: P20142

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB001461 Pepsin (A1) aspartic protease family signature

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PEPC_HUMAN, P20142
    Similarity: Belongs to the peptidase A1 family


    PGC for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: PEPC_HUMAN, P20142
    Function: Hydrolyzes a variety of proteins
    Catalytic activity: More restricted specificity than pepsin A, but shows preferential cleavage at Tyr- -Xaa bonds.
    High activity on hemoglobin

         Genatlas biochemistry entry for PGC:
    progastricsin (pepsinogen C)

         Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB): EC 3.4.23.31 2 EC 3.4.232

         Gene Ontology (GO): 1 molecular function term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0004190aspartic-type endopeptidase activity IEA--
         
    PGC for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Animal Models:
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    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section




    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for PGC

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 3 interactants - click image to see more details)

    4 Interacting proteins for PGC (P201423 ENSP000003621164) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    CCNT1O605633, ENSP000002619004I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000261900
    CDK9P507503, ENSP000003623614I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000362361
    ESR1P033723, ENSP000002062494I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000206249
    CAMPP499133I2D: score=1 
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 2 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006508proteolysis IEA--
    GO:0007586digestion IEA--

    PGC for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section

    PGC for compounds           About GeneDecksing

    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for PGC (PEPC)

    1 Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationship for PGC gene    About this table
    Compound   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    pepsinogen 85.6 7 1455183 (5), 11922623 (2)

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about PGC / PEPC

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for PGC gene (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001166424.1  NM_002630.3  

    Unigene Cluster for PGC:

    Progastricsin (pepsinogen C)
    Hs.1867  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: BQ067503
    4 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000373025(uc003ora.2) ENST00000356667 ENST00000415707 ENST00000425343(uc021yzm.1)

    Congresses - knowledge worth sharing:  
    European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) 10 - 13 May 2014

    miRNA
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    Search QIAGEN for miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate PGC
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    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
    Browse for Gene Knock-down Tools from EMD Millipore
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    Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat PGC
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK223274.1 AK301298.1 AK301325.1 BC042578.1 BC073740.1 J04443.1 U75272.1 

    3 DOTS entries:

    DT.97860858  DT.95096899  DT.121323448 

    24/335 AceView cDNA sequences (see all 335):

    BM794529 AI582208 BM849026 BP343397 BM769306 BM757106 BM967012 BM769494 
    BM741127 BM768841 BM790834 BQ016338 BM785377 BM756643 BM767217 BM819885 
    BM782230 AI270354 BQ082621 BM856485 BM820214 BM796345 BM756927 BM769493 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    2 Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PGC    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9
    SP1:                                                            
    SP2:                    -     -                                 


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for PGC

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    PGC expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)      PGC embryonic expression: see
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: AGTGCTCTTC
    PGC Expression
    About this image


    PGC expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database 
     5/9 selected tissues (see all 9) fully expand
     
     Stomach (Gastrointestinal Tract)    fully expand to see all 3 entries
             stomach, upper ; glandular cells   
             stomach cardiac   
     
     Lung (Respiratory System)
             Human Pulmonary Alveolar Epithelial Cells (HPAEpiC)   
     
     Uterus (Reproductive System)
             cervix   
     
     Intestine (Gastrointestinal Tract)
             small intestine   
     
     Adipose (Muscoskeletal System)
             HyStem+BMP4-induced 7SMOO32 cells

    See PGC Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for PGC

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.1867
        SABiosciences Custom PCR Arrays for PGC
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    In Situ
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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

    Orthologs for PGC gene from 4/12 species (see all 12)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Pgc1 , 5 progastricsin (pepsinogen C)1, 5 78.87(n)1
    74.81(a)1
      17 (23.98 cM)5
    1098201  NM_025973.31  NP_080249.21 
     477268425 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves PGC1 progastricsin (pepsinogen C) 71.08(n)
    65.71(a)
      395690  NM_204877.1  NP_990208.1 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia --
    Uncharacterized protein
    68(a)
    possible ortholog
    4(119518117-119525551)
    African clawed frog
    (Xenopus laevis)
    Amphibia pgc-A2 pepsinogen C 76.67(n)    AB045379.1 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for PGC (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for PGC (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for PGC gene
    BACE12  CTSD2  PGA32  BACE22  NAPSA2  CTSE2  PGA52  REN2  
    PGA42  
    7 SIMAP similar genes for PGC using alignment to 3 protein entries:     PEPC_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    PGA3    CTSE    PGA5    PGA4    REN    CTSD
    NAPSA

    PGC for paralogs           About GeneDecksing


    2 Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for PGC
    PGOHUM00000244143 PGOHUM00000244144


    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/312 SNPs in PGC are shown (see all 312)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 6 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs719541381,2
    C--41431562(+) TGTGT-/GCGCGCG 2 -- int10--------
    rs105575941,2
    C--41706003(+) ATATG-/CACACAC 1 -- int10--------
    rs349061551,2
    C--41706014(+) CACAC-/ACACACA 1 -- int11Minor allele frequency- AC:0.00NA 2
    rs58757701,2
    C--41706023(+) acacaC/Tataca 1 -- int10--------
    rs1932247501,2
    --41706132(+) AGGCCA/GAGGTA 1 -- int10--------
    rs23957851,2
    C--41706191(+) tgaaaT/Ccccgc 1 -- int13Minor allele frequency- C:0.00NA 6
    rs1446236791,2
    --41706292(+) GCCCAC/GGAGGC 1 -- int10--------
    rs1390044771,2
    --41706405(+) AAACAA/GCACAG 1 -- int10--------
    rs1845508581,2
    --41706414(+) AGATGC/GCTGGG 1 -- int10--------
    rs1508691541,2
    --41706520(+) TGAAAA/CCTCAT 1 -- int10--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for PGC (41704449 - 41721847 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 3 variations for PGC:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    esv2211967CNV Deletion18987734
    esv2731978CNV Deletion23290073
    esv2731977CNV Deletion23290073


    Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD): PGC
    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
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    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for PGC

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Novoseek, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 169740    OMIM disorders: --

    12 diseases for PGC:    About MalaCards
    gastritis    stomach cancer    duodenal ulcer    gastric cancer
    duodenitis    peptic ulcer    barrett's esophagus    esophagitis
    melanoma    adenocarcinoma    breast cancer    prostatitis

    3 diseases from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for PGC:
    Gastritis     Peptic ulcer     Stomach cancer

    PGC for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    3 Novoseek inferred disease relationships for PGC gene    About this table

    Disease   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    gastritis 45.5 1 1455183 (1)
    metastasis 0 3 2110593 (3)
    cancer 0 2 1455183 (1), 20231168 (1)

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): PGC
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: PGC (12 documents)

    Export disorders for PGC gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for PGC gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 77):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with PGC)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Crystal and molecular structures of human progastricsin at 1.62-A resolution. (PubMed id 7714902)1, 2, 9 Moore S.A.... James M.N.G. (1995)
    2. Structural characterization of activation 'intermediate 2' on the pathway to human gastricsin. (PubMed id 9406551)1, 2, 9 Khan A.R.... James M.N. (1997)
    3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PubMed id 20379614)1, 4 Rose J.E....Uhl G.R. (2010)
    4. [Correlation of pepsinogen C (PGC) gene insertion/del etion polymorphism to PGC protein expression in gastric mucosa and serum] (PubMed id 19624876)1, 4 Sun L.P....Yuan Y. (2009)
    5. Impact of pepsinogen C polymorphism on individual susceptibility to gastric cancer and its precancerous conditions in a Northeast Chinese population. (PubMed id 19132389)1, 4 Sun L.P....Yuan Y. (2009)
    6. Overall survival in women with breast cancer: the influence of pepsinogen C gene polymorphism. (PubMed id 18447628)1, 4 Pinto-Correia A.L....Medeiros R. (2008)
    7. [Interaction between an insertion/deletion polymorphism in pepsinogen C and Helicobacter pylori infection in the development of gastric cancer] (PubMed id 19173902)1, 4 Sun L.P....Yuan Y. (2008)
    8. Gastric cancer in a Caucasian population: role of pepsinogen C genetic variants. (PubMed id 16937501)1, 4 Pinto-Correia A.L....Dinis-Ribeiro M. (2006)
    9. [Correlation between an insertion-deletion polymorphism in the pepsinogen C gene and gastric cancer as well as its precursors] (PubMed id 17288837)1, 4 Sun L.P....Yuan Y. (2006)
    10. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)

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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 5225 HGNC: 8890 AceView: PGC Ensembl:ENSG00000096088 euGenes: HUgn5225
    ECgene: PGC H-InvDB: PGC

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
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    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for PGC Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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    Patent Information for PGC gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving PGC

    GeneCards and IP:
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