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Aliases for PFN4 Gene

Aliases for PFN4 Gene

  • Profilin Family Member 4 2 3 5
  • Profilin Family, Member 4 2
  • Profilin IV 4

External Ids for PFN4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PFN4 Gene

  • GC02M024313
  • GC02M024249
  • GC02M024191
  • GC02M024338
  • GC02M024077

Summaries for PFN4 Gene

GeneCards Summary for PFN4 Gene

PFN4 (Profilin Family Member 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Shigellosis and Ras signaling pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include actin binding and lipid binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PFN4 Gene

  • Binds to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2), phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) and phosphatidic acid (PA). Does not bind to actin (PubMed:19419568), contrary to other family members.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PFN4 Gene

Genomics for PFN4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PFN4 Gene

Enhancers for PFN4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around PFN4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PFN4 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around PFN4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for PFN4 Gene

24,114,809 bp from pter
24,123,477 bp from pter
8,669 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PFN4 Gene

Genes around PFN4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PFN4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PFN4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PFN4 Gene

Proteins for PFN4 Gene

  • Protein details for PFN4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q53TL9

    Protein attributes for PFN4 Gene

    129 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    14319 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for PFN4 Gene

Proteomics data for PFN4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PFN4 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PFN4 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PFN4 Gene

Domains & Families for PFN4 Gene

Protein Domains for PFN4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PFN4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the profilin family.
  • Belongs to the profilin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PFN4: view

No data available for Gene Families for PFN4 Gene

Function for PFN4 Gene

Molecular function for PFN4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Binds to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2), phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) and phosphatidic acid (PA). Does not bind to actin (PubMed:19419568), contrary to other family members.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Reduced levels in Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCOS) patients.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PFN4: view

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PFN4 Gene

Localization for PFN4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PFN4 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PFN4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PFN4 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 3
cytosol 3
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PFN4 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PFN4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PFN4: view

Pathways by source for PFN4 Gene

Interacting Proteins for PFN4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PFN4 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PFN4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PFN4 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for PFN4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PFN4 Gene

Profilin family, member 4:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PFN4 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b
SP1: -
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for PFN4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PFN4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PFN4 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PFN4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x36.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PFN4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (38.0) and Testis (31.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PFN4 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PFN4 Gene Hs.442718

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PFN4 Gene

Tissue specificity: Detected in testis (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PFN4: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PFN4 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for PFN4 Gene

Orthologs for PFN4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PFN4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PFN4 35
  • 89.41 (n)
  • 88.37 (a)
PFN4 36
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PFN4 35
  • 87.6 (n)
  • 87.6 (a)
PFN4 36
  • 88 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pfn4 35
  • 82.95 (n)
  • 83.72 (a)
Pfn4 16
Pfn4 36
  • 84 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PFN4 35
  • 99.22 (n)
  • 100 (a)
PFN4 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pfn4 35
  • 83.2 (n)
  • 81.4 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PFN4 36
  • 71 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PFN4 36
  • 59 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PFN4 36
  • 56 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PFN4 36
  • 49 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pfn4 35
  • 58.93 (n)
  • 51.79 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC556873 35
  • 54.28 (n)
  • 47.79 (a)
PFN4 36
  • 47 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PFY1 38
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 36 (a)
Species with no ortholog for PFN4:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PFN4 Gene

Gene Tree for PFN4 (if available)
Gene Tree for PFN4 (if available)

Paralogs for PFN4 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for PFN4 Gene

Variants for PFN4 Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PFN4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv4070n71 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv873734 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv873737 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv455897 CNV Gain 19166990

Variation tolerance for PFN4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 71.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.52; 11.22% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar and Relevant External Links for PFN4 Gene

Disorders for PFN4 Gene

Relevant External Links for PFN4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for PFN4 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PFN4 Gene

Publications for PFN4 Gene

  1. Testis-expressed profilins 3 and 4 show distinct functional characteristics and localize in the acroplaxome-manchette complex in spermatids. (PMID: 19419568) Behnen M. … Kirchhoff C. (BMC Cell Biol. 2009) 3 4 23 67
  2. Association between genetic variants in VEGF, ERCC3 and occupational benzene haematotoxicity. (PMID: 19773279) Hosgood H.D. … Lan Q. (Occup Environ Med 2009) 3
  3. On the origin and evolution of vertebrate and viral profilins. (PMID: 17187785) Polet D. … Ampe C. (FEBS Lett. 2007) 23
  4. Novel testis-expressed profilin IV associated with acrosome biogenesis and spermatid elongation. (PMID: 15591451) Obermann H. … Kirchhoff C. (Mol. Hum. Reprod. 2005) 23
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3

Products for PFN4 Gene

Sources for PFN4 Gene