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Aliases for PFN1 Gene

Aliases for PFN1 Gene

  • Profilin 1 2 3 5
  • Epididymis Tissue Protein Li 184a 3 4
  • Profilin I 3 4
  • Profilin-1 3
  • ALS18 3

External Ids for PFN1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PFN1 Gene

  • GC17M005268
  • GC17M004793
  • GC17M005049
  • GC17M004789
  • GC17M004848

Summaries for PFN1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PFN1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the profilin family of small actin-binding proteins. The encoded protein plays an important role in actin dynamics by regulating actin polymerization in response to extracellular signals. Deletion of this gene is associated with Miller-Dieker syndrome, and the encoded protein may also play a role in Huntington disease. Multiple pseudogenes of this gene are located on chromosome 1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

GeneCards Summary for PFN1 Gene

PFN1 (Profilin 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PFN1 include Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 18 and Pfn1-Related Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Among its related pathways are Salmonella infection (KEGG) and Ras signaling pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and actin binding. An important paralog of this gene is PFN2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PFN1 Gene

  • Binds to actin and affects the structure of the cytoskeleton. At high concentrations, profilin prevents the polymerization of actin, whereas it enhances it at low concentrations. By binding to PIP2, it inhibits the formation of IP3 and DG. Inhibits androgen receptor (AR) and HTT aggregation and binding of G-actin is essential for its inhibition of AR.

Gene Wiki entry for PFN1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PFN1 Gene

Genomics for PFN1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PFN1 Gene

Enhancers for PFN1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH17F004847 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 15 +97.8 97751 7.9 PKNOX1 ZBTB40 RAD21 RFX5 RARA RCOR1 FOS THAP11 EGR2 ZNF263 CHRNE ENO3 ZMYND15 PFN1 ARRB2 C17orf107 RNF167 PLD2 CXCL16 LOC101559451
GH17F005016 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 11.6 -67.9 -67851 1.1 PKNOX1 SAP130 ARID4B ZNF384 CEBPG YY1 TEAD3 ZFHX2 POLR2A NFYB CHRNE ENSG00000234203 SPAG7 CAMTA2 PFN1 ENO3 RNF167 SLC25A11 ZFP3 USP6
GH17F005017 1 ENCODE 11.6 -68.6 -68595 0.2 GATAD2A SAP130 FOXA3 NRF1 HLF CEBPG YY1 NFIL3 ZGPAT CEBPA ENSG00000234203 SPAG7 CAMTA2 PFN1 ENO3 RNF167 SLC25A11 ZFP3 USP6 GC17P005013
GH17F005012 0.5 ENCODE 11.6 -63.1 -63055 0.2 PKNOX1 JUNB ETV6 REST ENSG00000234203 SPAG7 CAMTA2 PFN1 ENO3 SLC25A11 RNF167 ZFP3 USP6 GC17P005013
GH17F005044 1 ENCODE 11.5 -96.2 -96168 2.3 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SPAG7 CAMTA2 ENO3 ENSG00000234203 INCA1 KIF1C PFN1 ZFP3 USP6 GP1BA
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around PFN1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PFN1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001804596 586 4601 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT MLX WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2

Genomic Location for PFN1 Gene

Chromosome:
17
Start:
4,945,650 bp from pter
End:
4,949,086 bp from pter
Size:
3,437 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for PFN1 Gene

Genes around PFN1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PFN1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PFN1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PFN1 Gene

Proteins for PFN1 Gene

  • Protein details for PFN1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P07737-PROF1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Profilin-1
    Protein Accession:
    P07737
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q53Y44

    Protein attributes for PFN1 Gene

    Size:
    140 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15054 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Occurs in many kinds of cells as a complex with monomeric actin in a 1:1 ratio. Found in a complex with XPO6, Ran, ACTB and PFN1. Interacts with VASP. Interacts with HTT.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PFN1 Gene

neXtProt entry for PFN1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PFN1 Gene

  • Phosphorylation at Ser-138 reduces its affinity for G-actin and blocks its interaction with HTT, reducing its ability to inhibit androgen receptor (AR) and HTT aggregation.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 38, Lys 54, Lys 70, Lys 91, Lys 105, Lys 126, and Lys 127
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PFN1 Gene

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for PFN1 (profilin 1)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PFN1 Gene

Domains & Families for PFN1 Gene

Protein Domains for PFN1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PFN1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P07737

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PROF1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the profilin family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the profilin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PFN1: view

No data available for Gene Families for PFN1 Gene

Function for PFN1 Gene

Molecular function for PFN1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
profilin 1,149kDa,G-actin binding protein,preventing its polymerization to F-actin
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Binds to actin and affects the structure of the cytoskeleton. At high concentrations, profilin prevents the polymerization of actin, whereas it enhances it at low concentrations. By binding to PIP2, it inhibits the formation of IP3 and DG. Inhibits androgen receptor (AR) and HTT aggregation and binding of G-actin is essential for its inhibition of AR.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PFN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000774 adenyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity IDA 7758455
GO:0003779 actin binding IEA,IPI 7758455
GO:0003785 actin monomer binding IDA 18573880
GO:0005102 receptor binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 9822597
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PFN1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PFN1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PFN1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for PFN1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PFN1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for PFN1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PFN1

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PFN1 Gene

Localization for PFN1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PFN1 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PFN1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PFN1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
mitochondrion 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PFN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA,IDA 24700464
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 24700464
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005913 cell-cell adherens junction IDA 25468996
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PFN1: view

Pathways & Interactions for PFN1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PFN1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for PFN1 Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PFN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001843 neural tube closure IEA --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0010033 response to organic substance IEA --
GO:0010634 positive regulation of epithelial cell migration IMP 23153535
GO:0030036 actin cytoskeleton organization IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PFN1: view

Drugs & Compounds for PFN1 Gene

(3) Drugs for PFN1 Gene - From: DrugBank and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
7-HYDROXY-4-METHYL-3-(2-HYDROXY-ETHYL)COUMARIN Experimental Pharma Target 0

(5) Additional Compounds for PFN1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PFN1: view

Transcripts for PFN1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PFN1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PFN1 Gene

Profilin 1:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PFN1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d
SP1: - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: -
SP6:

Relevant External Links for PFN1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PFN1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PFN1

Expression for PFN1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for PFN1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PFN1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x7.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for PFN1 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PFN1 Gene:

PFN1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PFN1 Gene:

Hs.494691

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PFN1 Gene:

P07737-PROF1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in epididymis (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PFN1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues and Protein tissue co-expression partners for PFN1 Gene

Orthologs for PFN1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for PFN1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PFN1 34 35
  • 98.25 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pfn1 34 16 35
  • 94.52 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pfn1 34
  • 94.52 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PFN1 34 35
  • 94.05 (n)
-- 35
  • 94 (a)
OneToMany
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PFN1 35
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PFN1 35
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pfn2 35
  • 60 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for PFN1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PFN1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PFN1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PFN1 (if available)

Paralogs for PFN1 Gene

Paralogs for PFN1 Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for PFN1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PFN1: view

Variants for PFN1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PFN1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs387907264 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 18 (ALS18) [MIM:614808], Pathogenic 4,946,742(-) AGAAA(G/T)GTTCG reference, missense
rs387907265 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 18 (ALS18) [MIM:614808], Pathogenic 4,945,982(-) GCTGA(C/T)GGGCA reference, missense, utr-variant-3-prime
rs387907266 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 18 (ALS18) [MIM:614808], Pathogenic 4,945,970(-) AGAAG(G/T)TGTCC reference, missense, utr-variant-3-prime
rs140547520 Pathogenic 4,945,973(+) CACCT(C/T)CTTTG reference, missense, utr-variant-3-prime
rs13204 Benign 4,945,989(-) TAGTC(C/T)TGCTG reference, synonymous-codon, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PFN1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1070798 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1121928 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv574273 CNV gain 21841781
nsv574275 CNV gain 21841781
nsv833347 CNV loss 17160897
nsv833349 CNV loss 17160897
nsv833350 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for PFN1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 55.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.50; 64.54% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PFN1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PFN1
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
PFN1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PFN1 Gene

Disorders for PFN1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for PFN1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 18
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 18
pfn1-related amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 18
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 1
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
gallbladder adenoma
shigellosis
  • bacillary dysentery
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PFN1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

PROF1_HUMAN
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 18 (ALS18) [MIM:614808]: A neurodegenerative disorder affecting upper motor neurons in the brain and lower motor neurons in the brain stem and spinal cord, resulting in fatal paralysis. Sensory abnormalities are absent. The pathologic hallmarks of the disease include pallor of the corticospinal tract due to loss of motor neurons, presence of ubiquitin-positive inclusions within surviving motor neurons, and deposition of pathologic aggregates. The etiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is likely to be multifactorial, involving both genetic and environmental factors. The disease is inherited in 5-10% of the cases. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22801503}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for PFN1

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
PFN1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PFN1: view

No data available for Genatlas for PFN1 Gene

Publications for PFN1 Gene

  1. Distinct biochemical characteristics of the two human profilin isoforms. (PMID: 7758455) Gieselmann R. … Witke W. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1995) 3 4 22 64
  2. Characterization of the three-dimensional solution structure of human profilin: 1H, 13C, and 15N NMR assignments and global folding pattern. (PMID: 8268157) Metzler W.J. … Mueller L. (Biochemistry 1993) 3 4 22 64
  3. Human profilin. Molecular cloning, sequence comparison, and chromosomal analysis. (PMID: 3356709) Kwiatkowski D.J. … Bruns G.A.P. (J. Biol. Chem. 1988) 2 3 4 64
  4. Mutations in the profilin 1 gene cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (PMID: 22801503) Wu C.H. … Landers J.E. (Nature 2012) 3 4 64
  5. Systematic mapping and functional analysis of a family of human epididymal secretory sperm-located proteins. (PMID: 20736409) Li J. … Liu Y. (Mol. Cell. Proteomics 2010) 3 4 64

Products for PFN1 Gene

Sources for PFN1 Gene

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