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Aliases for PFKL Gene

Aliases for PFKL Gene

  • Phosphofructokinase, Liver Type 2 3
  • Phosphofructo-1-Kinase Isozyme B 3 4
  • 6-Phosphofructokinase Type B 3 4
  • Phosphohexokinase 3 4
  • EC 2.7.1.11 4 63
  • ATP-PFK 3 4
  • PFK-B 3 4
  • PFK-L 3 4
  • 6-Phosphofructokinase, Liver Type 3
  • Liver-Type 1-Phosphofructokinase 3
  • Phosphofructokinase, Liver 5
  • EC 2.7.1 63

External Ids for PFKL Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PFKL Gene

  • GC21P042229
  • GC21P044576
  • GC21P044544
  • GC21P045719
  • GC21P031062

Summaries for PFKL Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PFKL Gene

  • This gene encodes the liver (L) subunit of an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of D-fructose 6-phosphate to D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, which is a key step in glucose metabolism (glycolysis). This enzyme is a tetramer that may be composed of different subunits encoded by distinct genes in different tissues. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

GeneCards Summary for PFKL Gene

PFKL (Phosphofructokinase, Liver Type) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Glycosaminoglycan metabolism and Glucose / Energy Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and monosaccharide binding. An important paralog of this gene is PFKM.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PFKL Gene

  • Catalyzes the phosphorylation of D-fructose 6-phosphate to fructose 1,6-bisphosphate by ATP, the first committing step of glycolysis.

Gene Wiki entry for PFKL Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PFKL Gene

Genomics for PFKL Gene

Regulatory Elements for PFKL Gene

Enhancers for PFKL Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around PFKL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PFKL Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around PFKL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PFKL gene promoter:

Genomic Location for PFKL Gene

Chromosome:
21
Start:
44,300,034 bp from pter
End:
44,327,381 bp from pter
Size:
27,348 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for PFKL Gene

Genes around PFKL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PFKL Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PFKL Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PFKL Gene

Proteins for PFKL Gene

  • Protein details for PFKL Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P17858-PFKAL_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type
    Protein Accession:
    P17858
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q96A64
    • Q96IH4
    • Q9BR91

    Protein attributes for PFKL Gene

    Size:
    780 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    85018 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homo- and heterotetramers. Muscle is M4, liver is L4, and red cell is M3L, M2L2, or ML3.
    Miscellaneous:
    • Glycosylation may play a role in cancer cell proliferation: inhibition of 6-phosphofructokinase activity and subsequent redirection of the glucose flux through the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway confers a selective growth advantage on cancer cells. Moreover GlcNAcylation is observed in multiple cancer cell lines and tissue samples and GlcNAcylation leads to larger xenografts tunors in mice (PubMed:22923583).
    • In human PFK exists as a system of 3 types of subunits, PFKM (muscle), PFKL (liver) and PFKP (platelet) isoenzymes.

    Alternative splice isoforms for PFKL Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PFKL Gene

Proteomics data for PFKL Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PFKL Gene

  • GlcNAcylation at Ser-529 by OGT decreases enzyme activity, leading to redirect glucose flux through the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway. Glycosylation is stimulated by both hypoxia and glucose deprivation.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 16
  • Glycosylation at Ser 529
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PFKL Gene

Domains & Families for PFKL Gene

Protein Domains for PFKL Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PFKL Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P17858

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PFKAL_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the phosphofructokinase type A (PFKA) family. ATP-dependent PFK group I subfamily. Eukaryotic two domain clade "E" sub-subfamily.
Domain:
  • Belongs to the phosphofructokinase type A (PFKA) family. ATP-dependent PFK group I subfamily. Eukaryotic two domain clade "E" sub-subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PFKL: view

No data available for Gene Families for PFKL Gene

Function for PFKL Gene

Molecular function for PFKL Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
6-phosphofructo-1-kinase,expressed in liver,fructose metabolism,energy patway
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + D-fructose 6-phosphate = ADP + D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Allosterically activated by ADP, AMP, or fructose 2,6-bisphosphate, and allosterically inhibited by ATP or citrate. GlcNAcylation by OGT overcomes allosteric regulation.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the phosphorylation of D-fructose 6-phosphate to fructose 1,6-bisphosphate by ATP, the first committing step of glycolysis.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PFKL Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PFKL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 6444721
GO:0019900 kinase binding IPI 6444721
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IPI 6444721
GO:0070061 fructose binding IDA 8780720
GO:0070095 fructose-6-phosphate binding IEA,IDA 6444721
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PFKL: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PFKL: view

Animal Models for PFKL Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PFKL:
  • Pfkl tm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for PFKL

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PFKL Gene

Localization for PFKL Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PFKL Gene

Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PFKL Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PFKL gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 3
nucleus 3
chloroplast 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PFKL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol IEA,TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PFKL: view

Pathways & Interactions for PFKL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PFKL: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P17858-PFKAL_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Carbohydrate degradation; glycolysis; D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and glycerone phosphate from D-glucose: step 3/4.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PFKL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006002 fructose 6-phosphate metabolic process IEA,IMP 6227635
GO:0030388 fructose 1,6-bisphosphate metabolic process IEA,IDA 22923583
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process TAS --
GO:0061621 canonical glycolysis TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PFKL: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PFKL Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PFKL Gene

(9) Drugs for PFKL Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0
CDP Experimental Pharma 0
Cytidine triphosphate Experimental Pharma 0
Guanosine diphosphate Experimental Pharma 0
phosphoenolpyruvate Experimental Pharma 0

(11) Additional Compounds for PFKL Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
ADP
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
beta-D-Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
Beta-D-Fructose 6-phosphate
  • beta-D-Fructose 6-phosphate
D-Tagatose 1,6-bisphosphate
  • 1,6-Di-O-phosphono-D-tagatofuranose
  • D-tagatofuranose 1,6-bisphosphate
D-Tagatose 6-phosphate
  • 6-O-Phosphono-D-tagatofuranose
  • D-Tagatofuranose 6-(dihydrogen phosphate)
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PFKL: view

Transcripts for PFKL Gene

Unigene Clusters for PFKL Gene

Phosphofructokinase, liver:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PFKL Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18a ·
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8: - - - - - - -
SP9: - - - -
SP10: - - - - - - -
SP11: - - - -
SP12: -
SP13: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP14:
SP15:
SP16: - -
SP17:
SP18: - -

ExUns: 18b · 18c ^ 19a · 19b · 19c · 19d ^ 20 ^ 21 ^ 22a · 22b · 22c ^ 23a · 23b ^ 24 ^ 25a · 25b · 25c · 25d ^ 26a · 26b · 26c ^ 27 ^ 28a · 28b · 28c · 28d
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - - - -
SP7: - -
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12: - - - - - - -
SP13: - -
SP14: -
SP15: - - - - - - - -
SP16:
SP17: - -
SP18:

Relevant External Links for PFKL Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PFKL
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PFKL

Expression for PFKL Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PFKL Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PFKL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Retina (6.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PFKL Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PFKL Gene Hs.255093

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PFKL: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PFKL Gene

- Elite partner

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PFKL Gene

Orthologs for PFKL Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PFKL Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PFKL 35
  • 89.1 (n)
  • 94.1 (a)
PFKL 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PFKL 35
  • 89.74 (n)
  • 93.59 (a)
PFKL 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pfkl 35
  • 87.22 (n)
  • 94.23 (a)
Pfkl 16
Pfkl 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PFKL 35
  • 98.76 (n)
  • 100 (a)
PFKL 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pfkl 35
  • 88.59 (n)
  • 94.23 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PFKL 36
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PFKL 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PFKL 35
  • 82.61 (n)
  • 86.41 (a)
PFKL 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PFKL 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii -- 35
LOC570106 35
  • 73.5 (n)
  • 77.56 (a)
PFKL (2 of 2) 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToMany
pfklb 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Pfk 37
  • 51 (a)
Pfk 36
  • 46 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C50F4.2 37
  • 39 (a)
Y71H10A.1a 37
  • 56 (a)
Y71H10A.1b 37
  • 56 (a)
pfk-1 36
  • 53 (a)
ManyToMany
pfk-2 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AFL185W 35
  • 52.71 (n)
  • 46.31 (a)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F06248g 35
  • 50.22 (n)
  • 45.69 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PFK2 35
  • 49.52 (n)
  • 46.39 (a)
PFK1 36
  • 34 (a)
ManyToMany
PFK2 36
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
PFK2 38
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU00629 35
  • 54.93 (n)
  • 47.87 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes pfk1 35
  • 52.29 (n)
  • 48.16 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for PFKL:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PFKL Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PFKL (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PFKL (if available)

Paralogs for PFKL Gene

Paralogs for PFKL Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for PFKL Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PFKL: view

Variants for PFKL Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PFKL Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 21 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_006070 -
VAR_006071 -
rs1057037 - 44,313,984(+) CGAGG(A/T)CGGCT upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs2250238 -- 44,312,583(+) CTGTG(A/T)TTGAT intron-variant
rs2276249 -- 44,310,799(+) ACACA(C/T)GGACT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PFKL Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv33817 CNV Loss 17666407
nsv913898 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv913906 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv913907 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2723638 CNV Deletion 23290073
dgv4769n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv4770n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv913912 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv4771n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv4772n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv4773n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv913923 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv4774n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv509800 CNV Insertion 20534489
nsv526673 CNV Loss 19592680
esv24065 CNV Loss 19812545
nsv511633 CNV Gain 21212237
esv2723640 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv518709 CNV Loss 19592680
esv2347291 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv2723641 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv913943 CNV Loss 21882294
esv1005792 CNV Gain 20482838

Variation tolerance for PFKL Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 19.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.64; 72.71% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for PFKL Gene

Disorders for PFKL Gene

Genatlas disease for PFKL Gene

hemolytic anemia

Relevant External Links for PFKL

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PFKL
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
PFKL
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
PFKL
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PFKL: view

No data available for MalaCards and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PFKL Gene

Publications for PFKL Gene

  1. Phosphofructokinase 1 glycosylation regulates cell growth and metabolism. (PMID: 22923583) Yi W. … Hsieh-Wilson L.C. (Science 2012) 3 4 67
  2. Physiogenomic comparison of human fat loss in response to diets restrictive of carbohydrate or fat. (PMID: 18254975) Seip R.L. … RuaA+o G. (Nutr Metab (Lond) 2008) 3 23
  3. Gene dosage and Down's syndrome: metabolic and enzymatic changes in PC12 cells overexpressing transfected human liver-type phosphofructokinase. (PMID: 1533471) Elson A. … Groner Y. (Somat. Cell Mol. Genet. 1992) 3 23
  4. Dinucleotide repeat polymorphism at the human liver-type 6-phosphofructokinase (PFKL) gene. (PMID: 1828296) Polymeropoulos M.H. … Merril C.R. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1991) 3 23
  5. Interaction of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/frontotemporal lobar degeneration-associated fused-in-sarcoma with proteins involved in metabolic and protein degradation pathways. (PMID: 25192599) Wang T. … Xu J. (Neurobiol. Aging 2015) 3

Products for PFKL Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for PFKL

Sources for PFKL Gene

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