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Aliases for PEF1 Gene

Aliases for PEF1 Gene

  • Penta-EF-Hand Domain Containing 1 2 3 5
  • PEF Protein With A Long N-Terminal Hydrophobic Domain 3 4
  • Peflin 2 3
  • ABP32 3 4
  • Penta-EF Hand Domain-Containing Protein 1 4
  • PEF1A 3

External Ids for PEF1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PEF1 Gene

  • GC01M031765
  • GC01U901184
  • GC01M031868
  • GC01M032095
  • GC01M030212

Summaries for PEF1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PEF1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a calcium-binding protein belonging to the penta-EF-hand protein family. The encoded protein has been shown to form a heterodimer with the programmed cell death 6 gene product and may modulate its function in Ca(2+) signaling. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants and a pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 1.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GeneCards Summary for PEF1 Gene

PEF1 (Penta-EF-Hand Domain Containing 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PEF1 include Intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth Neuropathy. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is PDCD6.

Gene Wiki entry for PEF1 Gene

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PEF1 Gene

Genomics for PEF1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PEF1 Gene

Enhancers for PEF1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01F031711 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 12.7 -68.6 -68570 4.8 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ADGRB2 ENSG00000224066 DCDC2B IQCC PEF1 ENSG00000235790 LOC105378626 TINAGL1 SERINC2 COL16A1
GH01F031668 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 18.5 -26.9 -26944 7.6 HDGF ARNT CREB3L1 ZNF2 ZNF121 GLIS2 FOS YY2 NCOA1 REST PEF1 KPNA6 EIF3I COL16A1 SNRNP40 LOC105378626 TINAGL1 LOC101929444 GC01M031668
GH01F031595 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 16.7 +48.5 48526 1.6 PKNOX1 SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF263 SP3 JUNB TSHZ1 ZNF610 PEF1 ENSG00000229447 EIF3I TINAGL1 SNRNP40 COL16A1 SERINC2 HCRTR1 ADGRB2 LOC105378626
GH01F031699 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 -57.5 -57543 6.7 MLX WRNIP1 ARID4B DMAP1 FOS DEK SP5 JUNB MXD4 REST ADGRB2 ENSG00000235790 PEF1 TINAGL1 LOC105378626 COL16A1 MTMR9LP GC01M031668
GH01F031787 1.5 FANTOM5 ENCODE 11.1 -143.7 -143709 2.9 HDGF PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF207 ZNF263 COL16A1 ADGRB2 ENSG00000235790 PEF1 LCK ENSG00000254545 GC01M031767
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around PEF1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PEF1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for PEF1 Gene

31,629,862 bp from pter
31,645,237 bp from pter
15,376 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PEF1 Gene

Genes around PEF1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PEF1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PEF1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PEF1 Gene

Proteins for PEF1 Gene

  • Protein details for PEF1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for PEF1 Gene

    284 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    30381 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterodimer; heterodimerizes with PDCD6. Dissociates from PDCD6 in presence of Ca(2+).

neXtProt entry for PEF1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PEF1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PEF1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PEF1 Gene

Domains & Families for PEF1 Gene

Gene Families for PEF1 Gene

Protein Domains for PEF1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PEF1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 5 EF-hand domains.
  • Contains 5 EF-hand domains.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PEF1: view

Function for PEF1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PEF1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004198 calcium-dependent cysteine-type endopeptidase activity IBA --
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA,TAS --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16189514
GO:0005543 phospholipid binding IDA --
GO:0044822 poly(A) RNA binding IDA 22681889
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PEF1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PEF1: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for PEF1 Gene

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PEF1 Gene

Localization for PEF1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PEF1 Gene

Cytoplasm. Membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Note=Membrane-associated in the presence of Ca(2+).

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PEF1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 3
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PEF1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002102 podosome IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 11278427
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0005938 cell cortex IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PEF1: view

Pathways & Interactions for PEF1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PEF1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IBA --
GO:0006911 phagocytosis, engulfment IMP --
GO:0051592 response to calcium ion IPI 11278427
GO:0060326 cell chemotaxis IMP --
GO:0071800 podosome assembly IMP --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PEF1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for PEF1 Gene

Transcripts for PEF1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PEF1 Gene

(6) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(10) Additional mRNA sequences :
(8) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for PEF1 Gene

Penta-EF-hand domain containing 1:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PEF1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d · 2e · 2f · 2g ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e · 8f
SP1: - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP7: -
SP8: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP9: - -
SP10: -

Relevant External Links for PEF1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PEF1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for PEF1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PEF1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (7.8) and Urine (6.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for PEF1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PEF1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PEF1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PEF1 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PEF1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PEF1 Gene

Orthologs for PEF1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PEF1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PEF1 34 35
  • 99.88 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PEF1 34 35
  • 90.56 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pef1 34 16 35
  • 85.45 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PEF1 34 35
  • 84.98 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PEF1 35
  • 82 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pef1 34
  • 81.86 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PEF1 35
  • 67 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PEF1 34 35
  • 76.65 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PEF1 35
  • 71 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pef1 34
  • 70.49 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pef1 34 35
  • 65.78 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP006246 34
  • 54.61 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG17765 34 35
  • 54.44 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PEF1 35
  • 19 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT3G10300 34
  • 46.34 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os12g0137100 34
  • 48.86 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.4642 35
  • 45 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PEF1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PEF1 Gene

Gene Tree for PEF1 (if available)
Gene Tree for PEF1 (if available)

Paralogs for PEF1 Gene

Paralogs for PEF1 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PEF1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins: Pseudogenes for PEF1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PEF1: view

Variants for PEF1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PEF1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1061770 -- 31,630,664(-) AACAT(C/T)CGGCT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon
rs10624458 -- 31,637,170(+) TGTCA(-/CCTCC)ACCCA intron-variant
rs10651798 -- 31,637,172(+) TCACC(-/TCCCC)CACTC intron-variant
rs1065370 -- 31,629,950(-) GCCAA(A/C/T)ACTTT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs10798879 -- 31,631,214(+) GGCAG(C/T)ACAGC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PEF1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv545951 CNV gain 21841781
nsv470708 CNV loss 18288195
nsv1000976 CNV loss 25217958
esv2758930 CNV loss 17122850

Variation tolerance for PEF1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 42.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.70; 32.42% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PEF1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PEF1 Gene

Disorders for PEF1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for PEF1 Gene - From: GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
intermediate charcot-marie-tooth neuropathy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PEF1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for PEF1

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PEF1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PEF1 Gene

Publications for PEF1 Gene

  1. Both ALG-2 and peflin, penta-EF-hand (PEF) proteins, are stabilized by dimerization through their fifth EF-hand regions. (PMID: 11883899) Kitaura Y. … Maki M. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2002) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Peflin, a novel member of the five-EF-hand-protein family, is similar to the apoptosis-linked gene 2 (ALG-2) protein but possesses nonapeptide repeats in the N-terminal hydrophobic region. (PMID: 10486255) Kitaura Y. … Maki M. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1999) 2 3 4 22 64
  3. Peflin and ALG-2, members of the penta-EF-hand protein family, form a heterodimer that dissociates in a Ca2+-dependent manner. (PMID: 11278427) Kitaura Y. … Maki M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 3 4 22 64
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64
  5. The PEF family proteins sorcin and grancalcin interact in vivo and in vitro. (PMID: 12804766) Hansen C. … Berchtold M.W. (FEBS Lett. 2003) 3 22 64

Products for PEF1 Gene

Sources for PEF1 Gene

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