Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for PDP1 Gene

Aliases for PDP1 Gene

  • Pyruvate Dehyrogenase Phosphatase Catalytic Subunit 1 2 3 5
  • Protein Phosphatase 2C, Magnesium-Dependent, Catalytic Subunit 2 3
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Phosphatase Catalytic Subunit 1 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • PDPC 1 3 4
  • PDP 1 3 4
  • PPM2C 3 4
  • PDP 3 4
  • [Pyruvate Dehydrogenase [Acetyl-Transferring]]-Phosphatase 1, Mitochondrial 3
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase (Lipoamide) Phosphatase-Phosphatase 3
  • Protein Phosphatase, Mg2+/Mn2+ Dependent 2A 3
  • Mg2+/Mn2+ Dependent 2A 2
  • Protein Phosphatase 2C 4
  • Protein Phosphatase 2
  • EC 3.1.3 63
  • PPM2A 3
  • PDPC 3
  • PDH 3

External Ids for PDP1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for PDP1 Gene

  • PPM2C

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PDP1 Gene

  • GC08P094999
  • GC08P090137
  • GC08P094870

Summaries for PDP1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PDP1 Gene

  • Pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1) is one of the three components (E1, E2, and E3) of the large pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases catalyze phosphorylation of serine residues of E1 to inactivate the E1 component and inhibit the complex. Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatases catalyze the dephosphorylation and activation of the E1 component to reverse the effects of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases. Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase is a heterodimer consisting of catalytic and regulatory subunits. Two catalytic subunits have been reported; one is predominantly expressed in skeletal muscle and another one is is much more abundant in the liver. The catalytic subunit, encoded by this gene, is the former, and belongs to the protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) superfamily. Along with the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases, this enzyme is located in the mitochondrial matrix. Mutation in this gene causes pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase deficiency. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]

GeneCards Summary for PDP1 Gene

PDP1 (Pyruvate Dehyrogenase Phosphatase Catalytic Subunit 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PDP1 include Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Phosphatase Deficiency and Atypical Autism. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins. and Pyruvate metabolism and Citric Acid (TCA) cycle. GO annotations related to this gene include protein serine/threonine phosphatase activity and [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphatase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PDP2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDP1 Gene

  • Catalyzes the dephosphorylation and concomitant reactivation of the alpha subunit of the E1 component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex.

Gene Wiki entry for PDP1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PDP1 Gene

Genomics for PDP1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PDP1 Gene

Enhancers for PDP1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around PDP1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for PDP1 Gene

93,857,807 bp from pter
93,926,068 bp from pter
68,262 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for PDP1 Gene

Genes around PDP1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PDP1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PDP1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PDP1 Gene

Proteins for PDP1 Gene

  • Protein details for PDP1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    [Pyruvate dehydrogenase [acetyl-transferring]]-phosphatase 1, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KX71
    • J3KPU0
    • Q5U5K1

    Protein attributes for PDP1 Gene

    537 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    61054 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterodimer of a catalytic (PDP1) and a regulatory (PDPR) subunit.
    • Sequence=AAF67480.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for PDP1 Gene


neXtProt entry for PDP1 Gene

Proteomics data for PDP1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PDP1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for PDP1 (Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Phosphatase/PDP1)
  • Abcam antibodies for PDP1

Domains & Families for PDP1 Gene

Gene Families for PDP1 Gene

Protein Domains for PDP1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PDP1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 PPM-type phosphatase domain.
  • Belongs to the PP2C family.
  • Contains 1 PPM-type phosphatase domain.
  • Belongs to the PP2C family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PDP1: view

Function for PDP1 Gene

Molecular function for PDP1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
[Pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] phosphate + H(2)O = [pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] + phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the dephosphorylation and concomitant reactivation of the alpha subunit of the E1 component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PDP1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PDP1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity IEA --
GO:0004722 protein serine/threonine phosphatase activity IEA,IDA 20801214
GO:0004724 magnesium-dependent protein serine/threonine phosphatase activity IEA --
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDP1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PDP1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PDP1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

miRNA for PDP1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PDP1

No data available for Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PDP1 Gene

Localization for PDP1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDP1 Gene

Mitochondrion matrix.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PDP1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PDP1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 3
cytosol 2
extracellular 1
peroxisome 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PDP1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PDP1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PDP1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for PDP1 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PDP1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0010510 regulation of acetyl-CoA biosynthetic process from pyruvate TAS --
GO:0035970 peptidyl-threonine dephosphorylation IDA 20801214
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDP1: view

Drugs & Compounds for PDP1 Gene

(25) Drugs for PDP1 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Magnesium Nutra 0

(33) Additional Compounds for PDP1 Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Hydrogen phosphate
  • Biphosphate
  • Hydrogen orthophosphate
  • Hydrogen phosphate
  • Hydrogen phosphate anion
  • Hydrogen phosphate dianion
  • NFB Orthophosphate
  • O-Phosphoric acid
  • Ortho-phosphate
  • Orthophosphate (PO43-)
  • Orthophosphate(3-)
phosphoric acid
  • Acide phosphorique (FRENCH)
  • Acido fosforico [Italian]
  • Acidum phosphoricum
  • Diphosphate tetrasodium
  • Fosforzuuroplossingen [Dutch]
  • Dihydrogen oxide
  • Steam
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PDP1: view

Transcripts for PDP1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PDP1 Gene

Pyruvate dehyrogenase phosphatase catalytic subunit 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PDP1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e
SP1: -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - - -

Relevant External Links for PDP1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PDP1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PDP1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PDP1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x5.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PDP1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (14.8) and Nasal epithelium (8.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PDP1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PDP1 Gene Hs.22265

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PDP1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PDP1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PDP1 Gene

Orthologs for PDP1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PDP1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PDP1 35
  • 92.43 (n)
  • 97.95 (a)
PDP1 36
  • 92 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PDP1 35
  • 90.75 (n)
  • 97.51 (a)
PDP1 36
  • 98 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pdp1 35
  • 92.17 (n)
  • 98.22 (a)
Pdp1 16
Pdp1 36
  • 98 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PDP1 35
  • 99.64 (n)
  • 99.47 (a)
PDP1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pdp1 35
  • 92.65 (n)
  • 98.22 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PDP1 36
  • 92 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PDP1 36
  • 88 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PDP1 35
  • 80.08 (n)
  • 90.34 (a)
PDP1 36
  • 90 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PDP1 36
  • 90 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pdp1 35
  • 75.02 (n)
  • 88.15 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pdp1 35
  • 69.33 (n)
  • 76.8 (a)
pdp1 36
  • 75 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008349 35
  • 51.4 (n)
  • 47.48 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Pdp 35
  • 50.98 (n)
  • 42.82 (a)
Pdp 36
  • 39 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea pdp-1 35
  • 47.03 (n)
  • 41.09 (a)
pdp-1 36
  • 38 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PTC5 36
  • 22 (a)
PTC5 38
Species with no ortholog for PDP1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PDP1 Gene

Gene Tree for PDP1 (if available)
Gene Tree for PDP1 (if available)

Paralogs for PDP1 Gene

Paralogs for PDP1 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PDP1 Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PDP1: view

Variants for PDP1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PDP1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10099485 -- 93,926,118(+) TATGT(A/G)TGGTA downstream-variant-500B
rs4236819 -- 93,920,991(+) GAACA(C/T)TGTTA intron-variant
rs4236820 -- 93,921,193(+) GCCTT(A/T)GATAG intron-variant
rs4395871 -- 93,920,612(+) GCGCA(C/T)ATAGT intron-variant
rs4735258 -- 93,923,709(+) TGATA(C/T)ACATT utr-variant-3-prime

Variation tolerance for PDP1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 8.98% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.78; 16.50% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PDP1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PDP1 Gene

Disorders for PDP1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(10) MalaCards diseases for PDP1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase deficiency
  • lactic acidemia with pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase deficiency
atypical autism
  • pdd nos
lactic acidosis
  • acidosis lactic
  • hypersarcosinemia
  • pasteurella infection
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PDP1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase deficiency (PDP deficiency) [MIM:608782]: Results in lactic acidosis leading to neurological dysfunction. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15855260}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for PDP1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PDP1: view

No data available for Genatlas for PDP1 Gene

Publications for PDP1 Gene

  1. Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase deficiency: identification of the first mutation in two brothers and restoration of activity by protein complementation. (PMID: 15855260) Maj M.C. … Cameron J.M. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2005) 3 4 23 67
  2. Crystallization and preliminary crystallographic studies of the catalytic subunits of human pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase isoforms 1 and 2. (PMID: 20208177) Kato J. … Kato M. (Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun. 2010) 3 23
  3. Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase 1 (PDP1) null mutation produces a lethal infantile phenotype. (PMID: 19184109) Cameron J.M. … Robinson B.H. (Hum. Genet. 2009) 3 23
  4. Decreased PDH activation and glycogenolysis during exercise following fat adaptation with carbohydrate restoration. (PMID: 16188909) Stellingwerff T. … Burke L.M. (Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 2006) 3 23
  5. Down-regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase in obese subjects is a defect that signals insulin resistance. (PMID: 15897476) Piccinini M. … Rinaudo M.T. (Obes. Res. 2005) 3 23

Products for PDP1 Gene

Sources for PDP1 Gene