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Aliases for PDK3 Gene

Aliases for PDK3 Gene

  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase, Isozyme 3 2 3
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase, Isoenzyme 3 2 3
  • EC 2.7.11.2 4 63
  • CMTX6 3 6
  • [Pyruvate Dehydrogenase (Acetyl-Transferring)] Kinase Isozyme 3, Mitochondrial 3
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase, Lipoamide, Kinase Isozyme 3, Mitochondrial 3
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase Isoform 3 4
  • GS1-358P8.4 3
  • PDHK3 4

External Ids for PDK3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PDK3 Gene

  • GC0XP023311
  • GC0XP023142
  • GC0XP023685
  • GC0XP023844
  • GC0XP024243
  • GC0XP022225

Summaries for PDK3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PDK3 Gene

  • The pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex is a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial multienzyme complex that catalyzes the overall conversion of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA and CO(2). It provides the primary link between glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, and thus is one of the major enzymes responsible for the regulation of glucose metabolism. The enzymatic activity of PDH is regulated by a phosphorylation/dephosphorylation cycle, and phosphorylation results in inactivation of PDH. The protein encoded by this gene is one of the three pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases that inhibits the PDH complex by phosphorylation of the E1 alpha subunit. This gene is predominantly expressed in the heart and skeletal muscles. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

GeneCards Summary for PDK3 Gene

PDK3 (Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase, Isozyme 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PDK3 include charcot-marie-tooth disease, x-linked dominant, 6 and x-linked charcot-marie-tooth disease type 6. Among its related pathways are Nanog in Mammalian ESC Pluripotency and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include protein serine/threonine kinase activity and pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PDK2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDK3 Gene

  • Inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase activity by phosphorylation of the E1 subunit PDHA1, and thereby regulates glucose metabolism and aerobic respiration. Can also phosphorylate PDHA2. Decreases glucose utilization and increases fat metabolism in response to prolonged fasting, and as adaptation to a high-fat diet. Plays a role in glucose homeostasis and in maintaining normal blood glucose levels in function of nutrient levels and under starvation. Plays a role in the generation of reactive oxygen species.

Gene Wiki entry for PDK3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PDK3 Gene

Genomics for PDK3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PDK3 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for PDK3 Gene

Start:
24,465,221 bp from pter
End:
24,550,466 bp from pter
Size:
85,246 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for PDK3 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for PDK3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PDK3 Gene

Proteins for PDK3 Gene

  • Protein details for PDK3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q15120-PDK3_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    [Pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] kinase isozyme 3, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Q15120
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DXG6

    Protein attributes for PDK3 Gene

    Size:
    406 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    46939 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Interacts with the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex subunit DLAT, and is part of the multimeric pyruvate dehydrogenase complex that contains multiple copies of pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1), dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase (DLAT, E2) and lipoamide dehydrogenase (DLD, E3).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PDK3 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PDK3 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PDK3 Gene

Proteomics data for PDK3 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PDK3 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys30
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PDK3 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

Domains for PDK3 Gene

Gene Families for PDK3 Gene

Protein Domains for PDK3 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q15120

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PDK3_HUMAN :
  • Q15120
Domain:
  • Contains 1 histidine kinase domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the PDK/BCKDK protein kinase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PDK3: view

Function for PDK3 Gene

Molecular function for PDK3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + [pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] = ADP + [pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Activated by interaction with DLAT. Inhibited by AZD7545, dichloroacetate and radicicol.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase activity by phosphorylation of the E1 subunit PDHA1, and thereby regulates glucose metabolism and aerobic respiration. Can also phosphorylate PDHA2. Decreases glucose utilization and increases fat metabolism in response to prolonged fasting, and as adaptation to a high-fat diet. Plays a role in glucose homeostasis and in maintaining normal blood glucose levels in function of nutrient levels and under starvation. Plays a role in the generation of reactive oxygen species.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated in response to hypoxia. Up-regulated in response to fatty acids. Up-regulated by PPARD.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PDK3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PDK3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity IDA 15861126
GO:0004674 protein serine/threonine kinase activity IDA 11486000
GO:0004740 pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) kinase activity IDA 11486000
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15861126
GO:0005524 ATP binding IDA 15861126
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDK3: view

Phenotypes for PDK3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PDK3: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for PDK3

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for PDK3 Gene

Localization for PDK3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDK3 Gene

Mitochondrion matrix.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PDK3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PDK3 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PDK3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion TAS 7499431
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDK3: view

Pathways for PDK3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PDK3: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PDK3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006006 glucose metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006090 pyruvate metabolic process TAS --
GO:0008219 cell death --
GO:0010510 regulation of acetyl-CoA biosynthetic process from pyruvate TAS --
GO:0010906 regulation of glucose metabolic process IMP 22865452
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDK3: view

Compounds for PDK3 Gene

(1) ApexBio Compounds for PDK3 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
AZD7545 "PDHK inhibitor,potent and selective" [252017-04-2]

(3) HMDB Compounds for PDK3 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Adenosine triphosphate
  • 5'-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate) Adenosine
56-65-5
ADP
  • adenosindiphosphorsaeure
58-64-0
Hydrogen phosphate
  • Biphosphate
14066-19-4

(2) Drugbank Compounds for PDK3 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
Dihydrolipoic Acid
462-20-4 target
Radicicol
target

(4) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for PDK3 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
dihydrolipoamide 77.8 1
pyruvate 75.4 9
adp 45.5 2
atp 14.2 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PDK3: view

Transcripts for PDK3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PDK3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PDK3 Gene

Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, isozyme 3:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for PDK3

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PDK3 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3:

Relevant External Links for PDK3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PDK3
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PDK3

Expression for PDK3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PDK3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PDK3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (7.0) and Artery - Tibial (4.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for PDK3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal testis (13.2), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (10.9), and Salivary gland (7.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PDK3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PDK3 Gene Hs.296031

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PDK3 Gene

Q15120-PDK3_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in heart, skeletal muscle, spinal cord, as well as fetal and adult brain.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with PDK3: view

Expression partners for PDK3 Gene

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for PDK3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PDK3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PDK3 35
  • 92.61 (n)
  • 98.07 (a)
PDK3 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PDK3 35
  • 92.65 (n)
  • 98.53 (a)
PDK3 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pdk3 35
  • 89.88 (n)
  • 97.11 (a)
Pdk3 16
Pdk3 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PDK3 35
  • 99.51 (n)
  • 99.75 (a)
PDK3 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pdk3 35
  • 90.04 (n)
  • 97.11 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PDK3 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PDK3 36
  • 77 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PDK3 35
  • 81.94 (n)
  • 92.86 (a)
PDK3 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PDK3 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pdk3 35
  • 76.49 (n)
  • 85.15 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pdk3a 35
  • 73.02 (n)
  • 82.43 (a)
pdk3a 36
  • 81 (a)
OneToMany
pdk3b 36
  • 80 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Pdk 37
  • 59 (a)
Pdk 35
  • 57.66 (n)
  • 59.58 (a)
Pdk 36
  • 55 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP010276 35
  • 57.07 (n)
  • 56.59 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ZK370.5 37
  • 53 (a)
pdhk-2 35
  • 57.12 (n)
  • 54.17 (a)
pdhk-2 36
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AER270W 35
  • 46.84 (n)
  • 40.83 (a)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F27423g 35
  • 49.22 (n)
  • 40.29 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PKP1 36
  • 23 (a)
OneToMany
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons PDK 35
  • 49.9 (n)
  • 42.06 (a)
soybean
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.3204 35
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os07g0637300 35
  • 51.3 (n)
  • 42.94 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU06760 35
  • 51.48 (n)
  • 47.28 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes pkp1 35
  • 51.87 (n)
  • 44 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.3938 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for PDK3:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PDK3 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PDK3 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PDK3 (if available)

Paralogs for PDK3 Gene

Paralogs for PDK3 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for PDK3 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for PDK3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PDK3: view

Variants for PDK3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PDK3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs929292 -- 24,468,133(+) CCTTG(A/G)TAAAT intron-variant
rs997770 -- 24,490,256(-) TCACG(A/C)CCGTA intron-variant
rs1048144 -- 24,528,153(+) CCTAG(A/G)CCCAG reference, synonymous-codon
rs1055186 -- 24,550,436(+) CAATA(A/C)TCAGA utr-variant-3-prime
rs1207607 -- 24,537,750(+) GTAGC(A/G)TTGGT intron-variant

Relevant External Links for PDK3 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
PDK3
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PDK3
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)
PDK3

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PDK3 Gene

Disorders for PDK3 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for PDK3 Gene (300906)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

PDK3_HUMAN
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, X-linked dominant, 6 (CMTX6) [MIM:300905]: A form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a disorder of the peripheral nervous system, characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy, initially of the peroneal muscles and later of the distal muscles of the arms. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is classified in two main groups on the basis of electrophysiologic properties and histopathology: primary peripheral demyelinating neuropathies characterized by severely reduced motor nerve conduction velocities (NCVs) (less than 38m/s) and segmental demyelination and remyelination, and primary peripheral axonal neuropathies characterized by normal or mildly reduced NCVs and chronic axonal degeneration and regeneration on nerve biopsy. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23297365}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PDK3: view

No data available for University of Copenhagen DISEASES , Novoseek inferred disease relationships , Genatlas and External Links for PDK3 Gene

Publications for PDK3 Gene

  1. Diversity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase gene family in humans. (PMID: 7499431) Gudi R. … Popov K.M. (J. Biol. Chem. 1995) 2 3 4 23
  2. Site specificity of four pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoenzymes toward the three phosphorylation sites of human pyruvate dehydrogenase. (PMID: 11486000) Korotchkina L.G. … Patel M.S. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 3 4 23
  3. Interaction between the individual isoenzymes of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase and the inner lipoyl-bearing domain of transacetylase component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. (PMID: 11978179) Tuganova A. … Popov K.M. (Biochem. J. 2002) 3 4 23
  4. Crystal structure of an asymmetric complex of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 3 with lipoyl domain 2 and its biological implications. (PMID: 17532006) Devedjiev Y. … Vassylyev D.G. (J. Mol. Biol. 2007) 3 4 23
  5. Induction of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-3 by hypoxia-inducible factor-1 promotes metabolic switch and drug resistance. (PMID: 18718909) Lu C.W. … Tsai S.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2008) 3 4 23

Products for PDK3 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for PDK3

Sources for PDK3 Gene

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