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Aliases for PDILT Gene

Aliases for PDILT Gene

  • Protein Disulfide Isomerase Like, Testis Expressed 2 3 5
  • Protein Disulfide Isomerase Family A, Member 7 2 3
  • Protein Disulfide Isomerase-Like Protein Of The Testis 2
  • Protein Disulfide-Isomerase-Like Protein Of The Testis 3
  • Protein Disulfide Isomerase-Like, Testis Expressed 2
  • PDIA7 3

External Ids for PDILT Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PDILT Gene

  • GC16M020278
  • GC16M018907

Summaries for PDILT Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PDILT Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the disulfide isomerase (PDI) family of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proteins that catalyze protein folding and thiol-disulfide interchange reactions. The encoded protein has has an N-terminal ER-signal sequence, two thioredoxin (TRX) domains with non-classical Ser-Lys-Gln-Ser and Ser-Lys-Lys-Cys motifs, respectively, two TRX-like domains, and a C-terminal ER-retention sequence. The protein lacks oxidoreductase activity in vitro and probably functions as a chaperone. This gene's expression appears to be limited to the testis. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2016]

GeneCards Summary for PDILT Gene

PDILT (Protein Disulfide Isomerase Like, Testis Expressed) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include protein disulfide isomerase activity and peptidyl-proline 4-dioxygenase activity. An important paralog of this gene is P4HB.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDILT Gene

  • Probable redox-inactive chaperone involved in spermatogenesis.

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PDILT Gene

Genomics for PDILT Gene

Regulatory Elements for PDILT Gene

Enhancers for PDILT Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH16G020783 0.3 FANTOM5 70.8 -378.4 -378423 0.2 PDILT REXO5 THUMPD1 GC16P020787 ENSG00000260510
GH16G020363 0.4 ENCODE 8.1 +41.3 41339 0.1 U2AF2 PDILT UMOD ENSG00000263237
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around PDILT on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for PDILT Gene

20,359,170 bp from pter
20,404,742 bp from pter
45,573 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PDILT Gene

Genes around PDILT on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PDILT Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PDILT Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PDILT Gene

Proteins for PDILT Gene

  • Protein details for PDILT Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein disulfide-isomerase-like protein of the testis
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8IVQ5

    Protein attributes for PDILT Gene

    584 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    66657 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. The homodimer is not disulfide-linked. Interacts with ERO1A and CLGN.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PDILT Gene

neXtProt entry for PDILT Gene

Post-translational modifications for PDILT Gene

  • N-glycosylated.
  • Glycosylation at posLast=5858, posLast=128128, posLast=160160, posLast=340340, and Asn540
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PDILT Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PDILT Gene

Domains & Families for PDILT Gene

Gene Families for PDILT Gene

Protein Domains for PDILT Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PDILT Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The thioredoxin domain lacks the conserved redox-active Cys at position 417 which is replaced by a Ser residue, suggesting that it lacks thioredoxin activity.
  • Belongs to the protein disulfide isomerase family.
  • The thioredoxin domain lacks the conserved redox-active Cys at position 417 which is replaced by a Ser residue, suggesting that it lacks thioredoxin activity.
  • Belongs to the protein disulfide isomerase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PDILT: view

Function for PDILT Gene

Molecular function for PDILT Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Probable redox-inactive chaperone involved in spermatogenesis.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PDILT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003756 protein disulfide isomerase activity IBA --
GO:0016853 isomerase activity IEA --
GO:0031545 contributes_to peptidyl-proline 4-dioxygenase activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDILT: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PDILT: view

Animal Models for PDILT Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PDILT:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PDILT Gene

Localization for PDILT Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDILT Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PDILT gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PDILT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IBA,IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDILT: view

Pathways & Interactions for PDILT Gene

SuperPathways for PDILT Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PDILT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006457 protein folding IBA --
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis IEA --
GO:0007286 spermatid development IEA --
GO:0016477 cell migration IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDILT: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for PDILT Gene

Transcripts for PDILT Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PDILT Gene

(4) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(3) Additional mRNA sequences :
(5) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for PDILT Gene

Protein disulfide isomerase-like, testis expressed:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PDILT Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PDILT Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PDILT Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PDILT Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PDILT Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Stomach (x44.3) and Testis (x8.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PDILT Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cerebrospinal fluid (44.9), Heart (10.0), Tlymphocyte (6.5), and Testis (6.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PDILT Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PDILT Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PDILT Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PDILT Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PDILT Gene:

Tissue specificity: Testis-specific.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PDILT Gene

  • Nervous system(4.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PDILT: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PDILT Gene

Orthologs for PDILT Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PDILT Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PDILT 34 35
  • 98.76 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PDILT 34 35
  • 84.83 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PDILT 34 35
  • 82.41 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pdilt 34
  • 80.31 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pdilt 34 16 35
  • 78.8 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PDILT 35
  • 48 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PDILT 34 35
  • 54.34 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PDILT 35
  • 44 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pdilt 34
  • 53.29 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii PDILT 35
  • 33 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Pdi 35
  • 29 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea pdi-2 35
  • 31 (a)
pdi-1 35
  • 24 (a)
M04D5.1 35
  • 23 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.11000 35
  • 29 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PDILT was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PDILT Gene

Gene Tree for PDILT (if available)
Gene Tree for PDILT (if available)

Paralogs for PDILT Gene

Paralogs for PDILT Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PDILT: view

Variants for PDILT Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PDILT Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_039938 A colorectal cancer sample
rs1000040458 -- 20,380,987(+) TGCCA(A/G)AGGAC intron-variant
rs1000061660 -- 20,361,479(+) ACGCC(C/T)GACTC intron-variant
rs1000105930 -- 20,394,317(+) GGCTG(C/T)CTCTC intron-variant
rs1000110471 -- 20,360,292(+) TCTGG(G/T)CAGTG intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PDILT Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2795n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv4942n54 CNV gain 21841781
esv3638138 CNV gain 21293372
nsv1047399 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1759 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv436835 CNV insertion 17901297

Variation tolerance for PDILT Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 97% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.61; 86.23% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PDILT Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDILT Gene

Disorders for PDILT Gene

Relevant External Links for PDILT

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for PDILT Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PDILT Gene

Publications for PDILT Gene

  1. PDILT, a divergent testis-specific protein disulfide isomerase with a non-classical SXXC motif that engages in disulfide-dependent interactions in the endoplasmic reticulum. (PMID: 15475357) van Lith M. … Benham A.M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2005) 2 3 4 64
  2. Structure of the substrate-binding b' domain of the protein disulfide isomerase-like protein of the testis. (PMID: 24662985) Bastos-Aristizabal S. … Gehring K. (Sci. Rep. 2014) 3 4 64
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64
  4. Common variants in UMOD associate with urinary uromodulin levels: a meta-analysis. (PMID: 24578125) Olden M. … Devuyst O. (J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 2014) 3 64
  5. Meta-analysis identifies multiple loci associated with kidney function-related traits in east Asian populations. (PMID: 22797727) Okada Y. … Tanaka T. (Nat. Genet. 2012) 3 64

Products for PDILT Gene

Sources for PDILT Gene

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