Aliases for PDGFA Gene
External Ids for PDGFA Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the platelet-derived growth factor family. The four members of this family are mitogenic factors for cells of mesenchymal origin and are characterized by a motif of eight cysteines. This gene product can exist either as a homodimer or as a heterodimer with the platelet-derived growth factor beta polypeptide, where the dimers are connected by disulfide bonds. Studies using knockout mice have shown cellular defects in oligodendrocytes, alveolar smooth muscle cells, and Leydig cells in the testis; knockout mice die either as embryos or shortly after birth. Two splice variants have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PDGFA Gene
PDGFA (Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Alpha Polypeptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PDGFA include denys-drash syndrome and tendinitis. Among its related pathways are PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and PI-3K cascade. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and growth factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PDGFB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDGFA Gene
Growth factor that plays an essential role in the regulation of embryonic development, cell proliferation, cell migration, survival and chemotaxis. Potent mitogen for cells of mesenchymal origin. Required for normal lung alveolar septum formation during embryogenesis, normal development of the gastrointestinal tract, normal development of Leydig cells and spermatogenesis. Required for normal oligodendrocyte development and normal myelination in the spinal cord and cerebellum. Plays an important role in wound healing. Signaling is modulated by the formation of heterodimers with PDGFB (By similarity).
Platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRs) are catalytic receptors that have intracellular tyrosine kinase activity. They have roles in the regulation of many biological processes including embryonic development, angiogenesis, cell proliferation and differentiation, and contribute to the pathophysiology of some diseases, including cancer. There are two isoforms of the PDGFR receptor; PDGFRalpha and PDGFRbeta, which can form homo- or heterodimers. The endogenous PDGFR ligands are PDGF-A, -B, -C and -D, which induce receptor dimerization and transphosphorylation at specific tyrosine residues upon binding. This activates the intracellular kinase activity, initiating intracellular signaling through the MAPK, PI 3-K and PKCgamma pathways.