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Aliases for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Aliases for PDCD1LG2 Gene

  • Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 2 2 3
  • PDCD1L2 3 4 6
  • PDL2 3 4 6
  • B7 Dendritic Cell Molecule 2 3
  • Programmed Death Ligand 2 3 4
  • Butyrophilin B7-DC 3 4
  • PDCD1 Ligand 2 3 4
  • PD-1 Ligand 2 3 4
  • B7-DC 3 4
  • CD273 3 4
  • PD-L2 3 4
  • B7DC 3 4
  • PD-1-Ligand 2 3
  • CD273 Antigen 4
  • BA574F11.2 3
  • Btdc 3

External Ids for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Summaries for PDCD1LG2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for PDCD1LG2 Gene

PDCD1LG2 (Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PDCD1LG2 include cysticercosis. Among its related pathways are Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation and CD28 co-stimulation. An important paralog of this gene is CD274.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDCD1LG2 Gene

  • Involved in the costimulatory signal, essential for T-cell proliferation and IFNG production in a PDCD1-independent manner. Interaction with PDCD1 inhibits T-cell proliferation by blocking cell cycle progression and cytokine production (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for PDCD1LG2 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Genomics for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Genomic Location for PDCD1LG2 Gene

5,510,512 bp from pter
5,571,282 bp from pter
60,771 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for PDCD1LG2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for PDCD1LG2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Proteins for PDCD1LG2 Gene

  • Protein details for PDCD1LG2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Programmed cell death 1 ligand 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q14CN8
    • Q5T7Z6
    • Q6JXL8
    • Q6JXL9

    Protein attributes for PDCD1LG2 Gene

    273 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    30957 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with PDCD1.

    Alternative splice isoforms for PDCD1LG2 Gene


neXtProt entry for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Proteomics data for PDCD1LG2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PDCD1LG2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn37, Asn64, Asn157, Asn163, and Asn189

Other Protein References for PDCD1LG2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Domains for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Gene Families for PDCD1LG2 Gene

  • ENDOLIG :Endogenous ligands
  • CD :CD molecules
  • IGD :Immunoglobulin superfamily / Immunoglobulin-like domain containing

Protein Domains for PDCD1LG2 Gene


  • Contains 1 Ig-like C2-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.:
    • Q9BQ51
  • Contains 1 Ig-like V-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.:
    • Q9BQ51
  • Belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. BTN/MOG family.:
    • Q9BQ51
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PDCD1LG2: view

Function for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Molecular function for PDCD1LG2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Involved in the costimulatory signal, essential for T-cell proliferation and IFNG production in a PDCD1-independent manner. Interaction with PDCD1 inhibits T-cell proliferation by blocking cell cycle progression and cytokine production (By similarity).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: Up-regulated by IFNG/IFN-gamma stimulation in monocytes and induced on dendritic cells grown from peripheral blood mononuclear cells with CSF2 and IL4/interleukin-4.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PDCD1LG2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDCD1LG2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PDCD1LG2: view

Animal Models for PDCD1LG2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PDCD1LG2:

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Localization for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Isoform 3: Secreted.
Isoform 2: Endomembrane system; Single-pass type I membrane protein.
Isoform 1: Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PDCD1LG2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PDCD1LG2 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 4
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PDCD1LG2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0012505 endomembrane system IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDCD1LG2: view

Pathways for PDCD1LG2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PDCD1LG2: view

Pathways by source for PDCD1LG2 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Interacting Proteins for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PDCD1LG2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006955 immune response NAS 11283156
GO:0031295 T cell costimulation TAS --
GO:0032689 negative regulation of interferon-gamma production IMP 12538684
GO:0032693 negative regulation of interleukin-10 production IMP 12538684
GO:0042102 positive regulation of T cell proliferation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDCD1LG2: view

Transcripts for PDCD1LG2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Programmed cell death 1 ligand 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PDCD1LG2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7
SP2: -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for PDCD1LG2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PDCD1LG2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PDCD1LG2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PDCD1LG2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Spleen (4.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PDCD1LG2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PDCD1LG2 Gene Hs.532279

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in heart, placenta, pancreas, lung and liver and weakly expressed in spleen, lymph nodes and thymus.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with PDCD1LG2: view

Orthologs for PDCD1LG2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PDCD1LG2 36
  • 99.63 (n)
  • 98.9 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PDCD1LG2 36
  • 81.44 (n)
  • 70.59 (a)
  • 67 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PDCD1LG2 36
  • 79.9 (n)
  • 67.56 (a)
  • 67 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pdcd1lg2 36
  • 78.25 (n)
  • 70.39 (a)
Pdcd1lg2 16
Pdcd1lg2 37
  • 70 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PDCD1LG2 37
  • 44 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PDCD1LG2 37
  • 48 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pdcd1lg2 36
  • 77.5 (n)
  • 69.55 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PDCD1LG2 36
  • 52.93 (n)
  • 39.6 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PDCD1LG2 37
  • 28 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii CD274 37
  • 14 (a)
Species with no ortholog for PDCD1LG2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Gene Tree for PDCD1LG2 (if available)
Gene Tree for PDCD1LG2 (if available)

Paralogs for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Paralogs for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for PDCD1LG2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PDCD1LG2: view

Variants for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PDCD1LG2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs951145 -- 5,536,361(-) CACTG(C/T)CCCTG intron-variant
rs1009759 -- 5,556,786(-) GGTAC(C/T)CAAGT intron-variant
rs1009761 -- 5,554,035(+) CTCAG(C/T)CACTC intron-variant
rs1329943 -- 5,566,929(+) AAAAA(C/T)AGAAG intron-variant
rs1360238 -- 5,514,372(-) GCCAT(G/T)TCTAC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv466108 CNV Gain 19166990
nsv509292 CNV Insertion 20534489

Relevant External Links for PDCD1LG2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

Disorders for PDCD1LG2 Gene

(1) MalaCards Diseases for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Search for PDCD1LG2 Gene in MalaCards »

(2) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
autoimmune diseases 26.4 1
tumors 13.4 9

Relevant External Links for PDCD1LG2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PDCD1LG2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Publications for PDCD1LG2 Gene

  1. PD-1 gene haplotype is associated with the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus in Japanese children. (PMID: 17203303) Ni R. … Hara T. (Hum. Genet. 2007) 3 23 49
  2. Association of an A/C single nucleotide polymorphism in programmed cell death-ligand 1 gene with Graves' disease in Japanese patients. (PMID: 18322304) Hayashi M. … Komiya I. (Eur. J. Endocrinol. 2008) 3 23 49
  3. PD-L2 is a second ligand for PD-1 and inhibits T cell activation. (PMID: 11224527) Latchman Y. … Freeman G.J. (Nat. Immunol. 2001) 2 3 4
  4. B7-DC, a new dendritic cell molecule with potent costimulatory properties for T cells. (PMID: 11283156) Tseng S.-Y. … Tsuchiya H. (J. Exp. Med. 2001) 3 4
  5. Low-penetrance alleles predisposing to sporadic colorectal cancers: a French case-controlled genetic association study. (PMID: 18992148) KA1ry S. … BAczieau S. (BMC Cancer 2008) 3 49

Products for PDCD1LG2 Gene

Sources for PDCD1LG2 Gene

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