Aliases for PCSK4 Gene
External Ids for PCSK4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PCSK4 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase family, which includes proteases that process protein and peptide precursors trafficking through regulated or constitutive branches of the secretory pathway. The encoded protein undergoes an initial autocatalytic processing event in the ER to generate a heterodimer which exits the ER and sorts to subcellular compartments where a second autocatalytic even takes place and the catalytic activity is acquired. This gene encodes one of the seven basic amino acid-specific members which cleave their substrates at single or paired basic residues. The protease is expressed only in the testis, placenta, and ovary. It plays a critical role in fertilization, fetoplacental growth, and embryonic development and processes multiple prohormones including pro-pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating protein and pro-insulin-like growth factor II. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]
GeneCards Summary for PCSK4 Gene
PCSK4 (Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is FURIN.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PCSK4 Gene
Proprotein convertase involved in the processing of hormone and other protein precursors at sites comprised of pairs of basic amino acid residues (By similarity). In males, important for ADAM2 processing as well as other acrosomal proteins with roles in fertilization and critical for normal fertilization events such as sperm capacitation, acrosome reaction and binding of sperm to zona pellucida (By similarity). Plays also a role in female fertility, involved in the regulation of trophoblast migration and placental development, may be through the proteolytical processing and activation of proteins such as IGF2 (PubMed:16040806). May also participate in folliculogenesis in the ovaries (By similarity).