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Aliases for PCSK2 Gene

Aliases for PCSK2 Gene

  • Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 2 2 3 5
  • KEX2-Like Endoprotease 2 2 3 4
  • Neuroendocrine Convertase 2 2 3
  • Prohormone Convertase 2 3 4
  • EC 4 58
  • NEC 2 3 4
  • NEC2 3 4
  • PC2 3 4
  • Proprotein Convertase 2 4
  • EC 3.4.21 58
  • NEC-2 3
  • SPC2 3

External Ids for PCSK2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for PCSK2 Gene

  • NEC2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PCSK2 Gene

  • GC20P017195
  • GC20P017202
  • GC20P017155
  • GC20P017206
  • GC20P017170

Summaries for PCSK2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PCSK2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase family, which includes proteases that process protein and peptide precursors trafficking through regulated or constitutive branches of the secretory pathway. The protein undergoes an initial autocatalytic processing event and interacts with a neuroendocrine secretory protein in the ER, exits the ER and sorts to secretory granules, where it is cleaved and catalytically activated during intracellular transport. The encoded protease is packaged into and activated in dense core secretory granules and expressed in the neuroendocrine system and brain. This gene encodes one of the seven basic amino acid-specific members which cleave their substrates at single or paired basic residues. It functions in the proteolytic activation of polypeptide hormones and neuropeptides precursors. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in this gene may increase susceptibility to myocardial infarction and type 2 diabetes. This gene may also play a role in tumor development and progression. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

GeneCards Summary for PCSK2 Gene

PCSK2 (Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PCSK2 include Hyperproinsulinemia and Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Peptide hormone metabolism and Embryonic and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Differentiation Pathways and Lineage-specific Markers. GO annotations related to this gene include protein complex binding and endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is FURIN.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PCSK2 Gene

  • Involved in the processing of hormone and other protein precursors at sites comprised of pairs of basic amino acid residues. Responsible for the release of glucagon from proglucagon in pancreatic A cells.

Gene Wiki entry for PCSK2 Gene

Additional gene information for PCSK2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PCSK2 Gene

Genomics for PCSK2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PCSK2 Gene

Enhancers for PCSK2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH20H017282 0.2 ENCODE 18.2 +56.6 56559 0 PCSK2 GC20P017279 LOC105372546
GH20H017504 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 2.4 +279.9 279896 3 TBL1XR1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 RAD21 TCF12 EGR1 ZNF143 FOS CREM RRBP1 PCSK2 PIR60545 RPS27AP2
GH20H017421 0.5 FANTOM5 6.6 +195.9 195874 0 FOSL1 GATA3 FOS FOXJ2 PCSK2 BANF2 DYNLT3P1 LOC105372546
GH20H017460 0.6 FANTOM5 2.6 +234.4 234380 0 FOXA2 MAFG USF2 FOXA1 ZNF316 ZNF512 MAFK EMSY PCSK2 DYNLT3P1 LOC105372546
GH20H017226 0.8 ENCODE 0.7 +0.5 529 0 INSM2 ZNF76 KLF17 SIN3A GLIS2 ATF7 SP3 ZEB2 REST ZNF398 PCSK2 GC20P017279
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around PCSK2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PCSK2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000135114 594 600 INSM2 SIN3A ZNF76 KLF17 GLIS2 ATF7 SP3 TSHZ1 ZEB2 REST

Genomic Location for PCSK2 Gene

17,226,107 bp from pter
17,484,578 bp from pter
258,472 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for PCSK2 Gene

Genes around PCSK2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PCSK2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PCSK2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PCSK2 Gene

Proteins for PCSK2 Gene

  • Protein details for PCSK2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Neuroendocrine convertase 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B1ANH9
    • B4DFQ3
    • Q14927
    • Q5JYQ1
    • Q8IWA8
    • Q9NQG3
    • Q9NUG1
    • Q9UJC6

    Protein attributes for PCSK2 Gene

    638 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    70565 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=CAA21069.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAB89428.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAB96732.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for PCSK2 Gene


neXtProt entry for PCSK2 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for PCSK2 Gene


Post-translational modifications for PCSK2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at posLast=375375, posLast=514514, and Asn524
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PCSK2 Gene

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for PCSK2 (Proprotein Convertase 2/PCSK2)
  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for PCSK2 (PCSK2)
  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for PCSK2

Domains & Families for PCSK2 Gene

Gene Families for PCSK2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the peptidase S8 family. Furin subfamily.
  • Belongs to the peptidase S8 family. Furin subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PCSK2: view

Function for PCSK2 Gene

Molecular function for PCSK2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
proprotein convertase subtilisin,kexin like 2,primarily expressed in tissues and cells containing secretory granules
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Release of protein hormones and neuropeptides from their precursors, generally by hydrolysis of -Lys-Arg- - bonds.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the processing of hormone and other protein precursors at sites comprised of pairs of basic amino acid residues. Responsible for the release of glucagon from proglucagon in pancreatic A cells.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PCSK2 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PCSK2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PCSK2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004252 serine-type endopeptidase activity TAS,IDA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 7913882
GO:0008233 peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0008236 serine-type peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PCSK2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PCSK2: view

Animal Models for PCSK2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PCSK2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for PCSK2
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PCSK2 Gene

Localization for PCSK2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PCSK2 Gene

Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle. Note=Localized in the secretion granules.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PCSK2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
golgi apparatus 2
plasma membrane 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
cytosol 1
lysosome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PCSK2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 9020868
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 8034613
GO:0030133 transport vesicle IEA --
GO:0030141 secretory granule IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PCSK2: view

Pathways & Interactions for PCSK2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PCSK2: view

Pathways by source for PCSK2 Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for PCSK2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PCSK2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IDA 7626024
GO:0007399 nervous system development IEA --
GO:0016485 protein processing IEA --
GO:0016486 peptide hormone processing IEA --
GO:0016540 protein autoprocessing IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PCSK2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PCSK2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PCSK2 Gene

(16) Drugs for PCSK2 Gene - From: DrugBank and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Insulin Human Approved, Investigational Pharma Target 0
Insulin Pork Approved Pharma Target 0

(12) Additional Compounds for PCSK2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PCSK2: view

Transcripts for PCSK2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PCSK2 Gene

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for PCSK2
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PCSK2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PCSK2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PCSK2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PCSK2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PCSK2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Thyroid (x9.0), Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x5.1), and Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x5.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PCSK2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal (42.3), Vitreous humor (12.0), and Islet of Langerhans (8.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PCSK2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PCSK2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PCSK2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PCSK2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PCSK2 Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Pancreas(4.2)
  • Lung(4.1)
  • Adrenal gland(2.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PCSK2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PCSK2 Gene

Orthologs for PCSK2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PCSK2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PCSK2 33 34
  • 99.63 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PCSK2 33 34
  • 92.11 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PCSK2 34
  • 92 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pcsk2 33
  • 90.11 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PCSK2 34
  • 90 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pcsk2 33 16 34
  • 89.59 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PCSK2 33 34
  • 89.18 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PCSK2 33 34
  • 79.29 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PCSK2 34
  • 85 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pcsk2 33
  • 75.18 (n)
Str.12201 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia pcsk2-A 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pcsk2 33 34
  • 75.96 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta amon 35 33 34
  • 62.98 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002176 33
  • 62.91 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea egl-3 35 33 34
  • 59.57 (n)
bli-4 35
  • 43 (a)
aex-5 35
  • 34 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.6212 34
  • 62 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PCSK2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PCSK2 Gene

Gene Tree for PCSK2 (if available)
Gene Tree for PCSK2 (if available)

Paralogs for PCSK2 Gene

Paralogs for PCSK2 Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for PCSK2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PCSK2: view

Variants for PCSK2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PCSK2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs780820865 A colorectal cancer sample 17,465,393(+) TTCAC(A/G)ACGAG reference, missense
rs1000008104 -- 17,376,331(+) GGACT(C/T)GTAAG intron-variant
rs1000010180 -- 17,246,313(+) AGCAA(G/T)AACTA intron-variant
rs1000039398 -- 17,255,135(+) TCTTT(C/T)CAATC intron-variant
rs1000046495 -- 17,448,616(+) TTTGC(A/G)TAGAA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PCSK2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv21e197 CNV deletion 19546169
esv1992600 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2659718 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2758787 CNV loss 17122850
esv2760670 CNV gain 21179565
esv3535 CNV loss 18987735
esv3645421 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1123458 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1136509 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1138925 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv179945 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv3308 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv3309 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv517986 CNV loss 19592680
nsv520899 CNV loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for PCSK2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 13.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.19; 24.05% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PCSK2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PCSK2 Gene

Disorders for PCSK2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for PCSK2 Gene - From: HGMD, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • hpri
adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency
  • isolated acth deficiency
wolfram syndrome
  • wolfram syndrome 1
autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
  • polycystic kidney and hepatic disease 1
myocardial infarction
  • myocardial infarction, protection against
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PCSK2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for PCSK2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PCSK2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PCSK2 Gene

Publications for PCSK2 Gene

  1. [Analysis of the gene encoding human PC2, a prohormone processing enzyme]. (PMID: 7983775) Ohagi S … Nanjo K (Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 1994) 3 4 22 60
  2. Identification and analysis of the gene encoding human PC2, a prohormone convertase expressed in neuroendocrine tissues. (PMID: 1594602) Ohagi S … Steiner DF (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1992) 3 4 22 60
  3. Identification of a human insulinoma cDNA encoding a novel mammalian protein structurally related to the yeast dibasic processing protease Kex2. (PMID: 2154467) Smeekens SP … Steiner DF (The Journal of biological chemistry 1990) 3 4 22 60
  4. Genome-wide association scan for survival on dialysis in African-Americans with type 2 diabetes. (PMID: 21546767) Murea M … Freedman BI (American journal of nephrology 2011) 3 45 60
  5. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 45 60

Products for PCSK2 Gene

Sources for PCSK2 Gene

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