Aliases for PCDHA@ Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PCDHA@ Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PCDHA@ Gene
The protocadherin alpha gene cluster is one of three related clusters tandemly linked on chromosome five. The clusters have a genomic organization similar to that of B-cell and T-cell receptor gene clusters. The alpha gene cluster is composed of 15 genes and 1 pseudogene, which are members of the cadherin superfamily and related to the mouse CNR genes. The sequence of the 13 upstream genes and the pseudogene are highly similar to one another, while a subfamily (C) contains two more distantly related coding sequences. The alpha cluster genes are organized in a tandem array of 15 large, variable region exons followed by a constant region, which contains 3 exons shared by all genes in the cluster. Each variable region exon encodes an extracellular domain comprised of 6 cadherin ectodomains and a transmembrane region. The constant region exons encode a common cytoplasmic tail. These neural adhesion proteins most likely play a critical role in the establishment and function of specific cell-cell connections in the brain. Alternative splicing has been described for the alpha cluster genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PCDHA@ Gene
PCDHA@ (Protocadherin Alpha Cluster, Complex Locus) is a Gene Cluster.