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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

PCDH12 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 54
GCID: GC05M141305

Protocadherin 12

  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Protocadherin 121 2     VECAD22 5
Vascular Cadherin-22 3     protocadherin-122
Vascular Endothelial Cadherin-22 3     Vascular Endothelial Cadherin 22
VE-cad-22 3     VE-Cadherin 22
VE-cadherin-22 3     

External Ids:    HGNC: 86571   Entrez Gene: 512942   Ensembl: ENSG000001135557   OMIM: 6056225   UniProtKB: Q9NPG43   

Export aliases for PCDH12 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC05M141146 GC05M141907 GC05M141307 GC05M141353 GC05M136467


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for PCDH12 Gene:
This gene belongs to the protocadherin gene family, a subfamily of the cadherin superfamily. The encoded protein
consists of an extracellular domain containing 6 cadherin repeats, a transmembrane domain and a cytoplasmic tail
that differs from those of the classical cadherins. The gene localizes to the region on chromosome 5 where the
protocadherin gene clusters reside. The exon organization of this transcript is similar to that of the gene
cluster transcripts, notably the first large exon, but no significant sequence homology exists. The function of
this cellular adhesion protein is undetermined but mouse protocadherin 12 does not bind catenins and appears to
have no affect on cell migration or growth. (provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008)

GeneCards Summary for PCDH12 Gene: 
PCDH12 (protocadherin 12) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with PCDH12 include endotheliitis, and pre-eclampsia. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is PCDH7.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PCD12_HUMAN, Q9NPG4
Function: Cellular adhesion molecule that may play an important role in cell-cell interactions at interendothelial
junctions. Promotes homotypic calcium-dependent aggregation and adhesion and clusters at intercellular junctions.
Unable to bind to catenins, weakly associates with the cytoskeleton (By similarity)

Gene Wiki entry for PCDH12 Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000005.9  NC_018916.2  NT_029289.11  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the PCDH12 gene promoter:
         RelA   Tal-1beta   NF-kappaB   Evi-1   FOXL1   AREB6   HFH-1   Zic1   NF-kappaB1   ITF-2   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmids (see all 2): PCDH12 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for PCDH12

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat PCDH12


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 5q31   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  5q31.3   HGNC cytogenetic band: 5q31.3

PCDH12 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
PCDH12 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 5         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC05M141305:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
141,323,150 bp from pter      End:
141,349,304 bp from pter
Size:
26,155 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PCD12_HUMAN, Q9NPG4 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Protocadherin-12 precursor  
Size: 1184 amino acids; 128995 Da
Subcellular location: Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell junction
Secondary accessions: Q6UXB6 Q96KB8 Q9H7Y6 Q9H8E0

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for PCDH12: NX_Q9NPG4

Explore proteomics data for PCDH12 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q9NPG4

  • PCDH12 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    PCDH12 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins: NP_057664.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000231484   ENSP00000429094  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for PCDH12: 
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    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for PCDH12 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 4 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005886plasma membrane TAS10380929
    GO:0005887integral to plasma membrane TAS10716726
    GO:0005911cell-cell junction IEA--
    GO:0016020membrane ----

    PCDH12 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    HGNC Gene Families: 
    PCDHN: Cadherins / Protocadherins : Non-clustered

    4 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR015919 Cadherin-like
     IPR013164 Cadherin_N
     IPR020894 Cadherin_CS
     IPR002126 Cadherin

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q9NPG4

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q9NPG4

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB002126 Cadherin

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PCD12_HUMAN, Q9NPG4
    Similarity: Contains 6 cadherin domains


    PCDH12 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: PCD12_HUMAN, Q9NPG4
    Function: Cellular adhesion molecule that may play an important role in cell-cell interactions at interendothelial
    junctions. Promotes homotypic calcium-dependent aggregation and adhesion and clusters at intercellular junctions.
    Unable to bind to catenins, weakly associates with the cytoskeleton (By similarity)

         Gene Ontology (GO): 1 molecular function term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005509calcium ion binding IEA--
         
    PCDH12 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         1 MGI mutant phenotype (inferred from 1 allele(MGI details for Pcdh12):
     normal 

    PCDH12 for phenotypes           About GeneDecksing

    Animal Models:
         MGI mouse knock-out Pcdh12tm1Hub for PCDH12

       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for PCDH12 
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    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPCDH12 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for PCDH12


    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section




    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for PCDH12

    1 Interacting protein for PCDH12 (Q9NPG43) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    PRKCEQ021563I2D: score=1 
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 5 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005977glycogen metabolic process IEA--
    GO:0007156homophilic cell adhesion IEA--
    GO:0008038neuron recognition TAS10380929
    GO:0016339calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion IEA--
    GO:0060711labyrinthine layer development IEA--

    PCDH12 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for PCDH12 (PCD12)

    1 HMDB Compound for PCDH12    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
    CalciumCa (see all 2)7440-70-2--

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about PCDH12 / PCD12

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for PCDH12 gene: 
    NM_016580.3  

    Unigene Cluster for PCDH12:

    Protocadherin 12
    Hs.439474  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_016580
    3 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000231484(uc003llx.3) ENST00000510041 ENST00000512221
    miRNA
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    hsa-miR-19b-1* hsa-miR-19b-2* hsa-miR-19a*
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPCDH12 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
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      QIAGEN QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat PCDH12
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AB026893.1 AF231025.1 AF240635.1 AK023785.1 AK024140.1 AK027282.1 AK226049.1 AK315029.1 
    AY358428.1 BC042634.1 BC052973.1 

    3 DOTS entries:

    DT.95365720  DT.86849860  DT.95146654 

    24/48 AceView cDNA sequences (see all 48):

    NM_016580 AB026893 AI682162 AF240635 BX479492 AY358428 AF231025 CA444262 
    AK024140 AU142221 AK023785 BQ073194 F26635 BC052973 AI280372 BE328204 
    BM973938 AU140154 CA426206 BC042634 BX100182 BP344766 F35830 BU626399 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    2 Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PCDH12    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5
    SP1:                                          
    SP2:                                          


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for PCDH12

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    PCDH12 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)      PCDH12 embryonic expression: see
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: --
    PCDH12 Expression
    About this image


    PCDH12 expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database 
     5/9 selected tissues (see all 9) fully expand
     
     Endothelium (Cardiovascular System)    fully expand to see all 5 entries
             Peripheral blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells
             Endothelial-like cells ( Derivation and purification of endothelial precursor cells...
             Human Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells (HBMEC)   
     
     Umbilical Cord (Extraembryonic Tissues)
             Umbilical cord blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells
     
     Heart (Cardiovascular System)
             Cardiac progenitor cells
     
     Epiblast (Early Embryonic Tissues)
             Epiblast Stem Cell line 7
     
     Placenta (Extraembryonic Tissues)
             placenta   

    See PCDH12 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for PCDH12

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.439474

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PCD12_HUMAN, Q9NPG4
    Tissue specificity: Expressed in highly vascularized tissues including the heart and placenta, but most tissues
    contain a low level of expression. Prominent expression in the spleen

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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

    Orthologs for PCDH12 gene from 3/8 species (see all 8)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Pcdh121 , 5 protocadherin 121, 5 82.69(n)1
    81.57(a)1
      18 (20.17 cM)5
    536011  NM_017378.21  NP_059074.21 
     382670925 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves PCDH121 protocadherin 12 61.79(n)
    56.72(a)
      416191  XM_414518.3  XP_414518.3 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii pcdh121 protocadherin 12 53.42(n)
    46.58(a)
      555419  XM_677918.4  XP_683010.4 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for PCDH12 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for PCDH12 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for PCDH12 gene
    PCDH72  PCDH202  PCDH12  PCDHA122  PCDH11Y2  PCDHA112  PCDHA12  PCDH182  
    PCDH92  PCDH192  PCDH82  PCDH172  PCDHGB32  PCDHA72  PCDHGB62  PCDH11X2  
    PCDHA62  PCDH102  PCDHA102  PCDHA132  PCDHA92  PCDHA32  PCDHA42  
    18/59 SIMAP similar genes for PCDH12 using alignment to 4 protein entries:     PCD12_HUMAN (see all proteins) (see all similar genes):
    PCDH19    PCDHB17    PCDHB8    PCDH17    PCDHB10    PCDHB11
    PCDHB13    PCDHB15    PCDHB9    PCDHGA1    PCDHGA11    PCDHGA12
    PCDHGA2    PCDHGA8    PCDHGB2    PCDHGB4    PCDHGB7    PCDH10

    PCDH12 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/437 SNPs in PCDH12 are shown (see all 437)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 5 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1831473271,2
    --141324186(+) TATCCA/GTGTCT 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1118339321,2
    C,F--141324211(+) ATAATA/GCCTCC 1 -- ds50013Minor allele frequency- G:0.08CSA WA 122
    rs1878281861,2
    --141324289(+) CTTTAC/TAAATA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1385218351,2
    C--141324296(+) AATAGC/TTGTGC 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1911355801,2
    --141324372(+) GGTAAA/GAGCAC 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1414968181,2
    --141324447(+) TGTGAC/TGGTCT 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1144385661,2
    F--141324516(+) ACAGGT/AGCAAA 1 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- A:0.06WA 118
    rs1531481,2
    C,F,O,A,H--141324623(+) GGCCAT/CCCTTT 1 -- ut3128Minor allele frequency- C:0.26MN NA NS EA WA CSA 2646
    rs1507249171,2
    --141324646(+) ACTCCA/GTGGCA 1 -- ut310--------
    rs1390683191,2
    --141324650(+) CGTGGC/TATCTG 1 -- ut310--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for PCDH12 (141323150 - 141349304 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for PCDH12:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv526702CNV Loss19592680

    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing PCDH12
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for PCDH12

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 605622    OMIM disorders: --

    5 diseases for PCDH12:    About MalaCards
    endotheliitis    pre-eclampsia    eclampsia    schizophrenia
    neuronitis


    PCDH12 for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): PCDH12
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: PCDH12 (2 documents)

    Export disorders for PCDH12 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for PCDH12 gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 13):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with PCDH12)
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    1. Large exons encoding multiple ectodomains are a characteristic feature of protocadherin genes. (PubMed id 10716726)1, 2, 3, 9 Wu Q. and Maniatis T. (2000)
    2. cDNA cloning, chromosomal mapping, and expression analysis of human VE-cadherin-2. (PubMed id 11063261)1, 2, 9 Ludwig D....Pytowski B. (2000)
    3. Polymorphisms in genes involved in neurodevelopment may be associated with altered brain morphology in schizophrenia: preliminary evidence. (PubMed id 19054571)1, 4, 9 GregA^rio S.P....Dias-Neto E. (2009)
    4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PubMed id 14702039)1, 2 Ota T.... Sugano S. (2004)
    5. The secreted protein discovery initiative (SPDI), a large-scale effort to identify novel human secreted and transmembrane proteins: a bioinformatics assessment. (PubMed id 12975309)1, 2 Clark H.F.... Gray A.M. (2003)
    6. A striking organization of a large family of human neural cadherin- like cell adhesion genes. (PubMed id 10380929)1, 3 Wu Q. and Maniatis T. (1999)
    7. Protocadherin-12 cleavage is a regulated process medi ated by ADAM10 protein: evidence of shedding up-regulation in pre-eclampsia. (PubMed id 21402705)1 Bouillot S....Huber P. (2011)
    8. ARG1 is a novel bronchodilator response gene: screening and replication in four asthma cohorts. (PubMed id 18617639)4 Litonjua A.A....Weiss S.T. (2008)
    9. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PubMed id 12477932)1 Strausberg R.L....Marra M.A. (2002)
    10. Phylogenetic analysis of the cadherin superfamily allows identification of six major subfamilies besides several solitary members. (PubMed id 10835267)1 Nollet F....van Roy F. (2000)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 51294 HGNC: 8657 AceView: PCDH12 Ensembl:ENSG00000113555 euGenes: HUgn51294
    ECgene: PCDH12 H-InvDB: PCDH12

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for PCDH12 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for PCDH12 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving PCDH12

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



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