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PCDH1 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 55
GCID: GC05M141232

Protocadherin 1

(Previous name: protocadherin 1 (cadherin-like 1))
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(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Aliases
Protocadherin 11 2     Cadherin-Like 12
PC422 3 5     Protocadherin 422
Cadherin-Like Protein 12 3     protocadherin-12
Protocadherin 1 (Cadherin-Like 1)1     protocadherin-422
PCDH422     Protocadherin-423

External Ids:    HGNC: 86551   Entrez Gene: 50972   Ensembl: ENSG000001564537   OMIM: 6036265   UniProtKB: Q081743   

Export aliases for PCDH1 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC05M141056 GC05M141816 GC05M141215 GC05M141261 GC05M141212 GC05M136376


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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Entrez Gene summary for PCDH1 Gene:
This gene belongs to the protocadherin subfamily within the cadherin superfamily. The encoded protein is a
membrane protein found at cell-cell boundaries. It is involved in neural cell adhesion, suggesting a possible
role in neuronal development. The protein includes an extracelllular region, containing 7 cadherin-like domains,
a transmembrane region and a C-terminal cytoplasmic region. Cells expressing the protein showed cell aggregation
activity. Alternative splicing occurs in this gene. (provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008)

GeneCards Summary for PCDH1 Gene:
PCDH1 (protocadherin 1) is a protein-coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is PCDHAC1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PCDH1_HUMAN, Q08174
Function: May be involved in cell-cell interaction processes and in cell adhesion

Gene Wiki entry for PCDH1 Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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RefSeq DNA sequence at NCBI GenBank:
NC_000005.9  NT_029289.12  NC_018916.2  
Regulatory elements:
   Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the PCDH1 gene promoter:
         c-Fos   Elk-1   AP-1   Sp1   GATA-3   RREB-1   Nkx2-5   E47   COMP1   c-Jun   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidPCDH1 promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for PCDH1

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat PCDH1


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 5q31.3   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  5q31.3   HGNC cytogenetic band: 5q31.3

PCDH1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
PCDH1 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 5         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC05M141232:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
141,232,672 bp from pter      End:
141,258,811 bp from pter
Size:
26,140 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., and/or eBioscience,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, Cloud-Clone Corp., and/or eBioscience, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, Cloud-Clone Corp, and/or others.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PCDH1_HUMAN, Q08174 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Protocadherin-1 precursor  
Size: 1060 amino acids; 114743 Da
Developmental stage: Highest expression in adults
Caution: It is uncertain whether Met-1 or Met-23 is the initiator
Sequence caution: Sequence=AAA36419.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Chimeric cDNA. N-terminal sequence
identical to a region of chromosome 8;
Secondary accessions: Q8IUP2
Alternative splicing: 3 isoforms:  Q08174-1   Q08174-2   Q08174-3   (No experimental confirmation available)

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for PCDH1: NX_Q08174

Explore proteomics data for PCDH1 at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • Glycosylation2 at Asn305, Asn403, Asn618, Asn662, Asn720, Asn813, Asn818
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

  • See PCDH1 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins (4 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_001265542.1  NP_001265544.1  NP_002578.2  NP_115796.2  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000424667   ENSP00000287008   ENSP00000378043   ENSP00000424204   ENSP00000350122  
     ENSP00000424004   ENSP00000424163   ENSP00000403497   ENSP00000438825  

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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    HGNC Gene Families:
    PCDHN: Cadherins / Protocadherins : Non-clustered

    5 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR015919 Cadherin-like
     IPR013164 Cadherin_N
     IPR013585 Protocadherin
     IPR020894 Cadherin_CS
     IPR002126 Cadherin

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q08174

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q08174

    3 Blocks protein domains:
    IPB001437 Prokaryotic transcription elongation factor GreA/GreB
    IPB002126 Cadherin
    IPB013585 Protocadherin


    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PCDH1_HUMAN, Q08174
    Similarity: Contains 7 cadherin domains


    Find genes that share domains with PCDH1           About GenesLikeMe


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs and/or Addgene, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Flow cytometry from eBioscience, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: PCDH1_HUMAN, Q08174
    Function: May be involved in cell-cell interaction processes and in cell adhesion

         Genatlas biochemistry entry for PCDH1:
    protocadherin 1,cadherin-related neuronal receptor,component of the PCDHG cluster,member C3,expressed in the
    brain,localized at the synaptic junction and putatively involved in specific neuronal connections and signal
    transduction

         Gene Ontology (GO): 2 molecular function terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005509calcium ion binding IEA--
    GO:0005515protein binding ----
         
    Find genes that share ontologies with PCDH1           About GenesLikeMe


    Animal Models:
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    hsa-miR-330-5p hsa-miR-631 hsa-miR-1224-3p hsa-miR-146a hsa-miR-3661 hsa-miR-4267 hsa-miR-661 hsa-miR-9
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    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    PCDH1_HUMAN, Q08174: Cell junction. Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein (Probable). Note=Found at
    cell-cell boundaries and probably at cell-matrix boundaries
    Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS: 

    CompartmentConfidence
    plasma membrane5
    endoplasmic reticulum1
    mitochondrion1
    peroxisome1

    Gene Ontology (GO): 5 cellular component terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005886plasma membrane TAS8508762
    GO:0005887integral component of plasma membrane TAS8508762
    GO:0005911cell-cell junction TAS8508762
    GO:0016020membrane ----
    GO:0016021integral component of membrane ----

    Find genes that share ontologies with PCDH1           About GenesLikeMe


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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        Custom Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays for PCDH1
    Interactions:

        Search GeneGlobe Interaction Network for PCDH1

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 2 interactants - click image to see more details)

    4 Interacting proteins for PCDH1 (Q081742, 3 ENSP000002870084) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    ATF7IPQ6VMQ62, 3MINT-61914 I2D: score=3 
    SMAD3P840222, 3MINT-61705 I2D: score=3 
    ALBP027683, ENSP000002958974I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000295897
    UBCENSP000003448184STRING: ENSP00000344818
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 biological process terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0007156homophilic cell adhesion IEA--
    GO:0007267cell-cell signaling TAS8508762
    GO:0007399nervous system development TAS8508762

    Find genes that share ontologies with PCDH1           About GenesLikeMe



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
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    Browse Tocris compounds for PCDH1



    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and/or Addgene, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, Flow cytometry from eBioscience )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for PCDH1 gene (4 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001278613.1  NM_001278615.1  NM_002587.4  NM_032420.3  

    Unigene Cluster for PCDH1:

    Protocadherin 1
    Hs.79769  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_032420
    10 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000503492 ENST00000287008(uc003llp.3) ENST00000394536(uc011dbf.2 uc003llq.3)
    ENST00000511044 ENST00000515351 ENST00000357517 ENST00000505937 ENST00000514773
    ENST00000456271 ENST00000536585
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    Selected qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate PCDH1 (see all 31):
    hsa-miR-330-5p hsa-miR-631 hsa-miR-1224-3p hsa-miR-146a hsa-miR-3661 hsa-miR-4267 hsa-miR-661 hsa-miR-9
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK075233.1 AK289512.1 AK300564.1 AK304231.1 AK308338.1 BC035812.1 BC051287.1 BC075821.1 
    L11369.1 

    8 DOTS entries:

    DT.455593  DT.99935703  DT.100773922  DT.120885111  DT.92021355  DT.95197586  DT.100018139  DT.95171819 

    Selected AceView cDNA sequences (see all 145):

    AI910568 CR621435 AW015454 BM726225 BE314309 BM975223 AA368041 BU743106 
    NM_032420 BM680840 BX110028 AA382366 AA631081 AA443558 AA382362 BC075821 
    CA433313 BU856580 NM_002587 BM931264 CB241433 AI673188 BM818026 AU132802 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    PCDH1 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: CCCTTGACCC
    PCDH1 Expression
    About this image


    PCDH1 expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
     selected tissues (see all 5) fully expand
     
     Germ Cells (Reproductive System)
             Primordial germ cell-like cells
     
     Gonad
             Primordial germ cell-like cells
     
     Epiblast (Early Embryonic Tissues)
             Epiblast-like cells
     
     Neural Tube (Nervous System)
             Spinal Dorsal Columns
     
     Placenta (Extraembryonic Tissues)
    PCDH1 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    PCDH1 Protein Expression

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.79769

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PCDH1_HUMAN, Q08174
    Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in the brain and neuro-glial cells

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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

    Orthologs for PCDH1 gene from Selected species (see all 11)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Pcdh11 , 5 protocadherin 11, 5 88.7(n)1
    96.25(a)1
      18 (20.08 cM)5
    755991  NM_029357.31  NP_083633.21 
     381859155 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves PCDH11 protocadherin 1 78.4(n)
    83.93(a)
      416194  NM_001045827.1  NP_001039292.1 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia PCDH16
    protocadherin 1
    82(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    4(74833389-74989143)
    African clawed frog
    (Xenopus laevis)
    Amphibia Xl.120972 Xenopus laevis axpc mRNA for axial protocadherin, complete more 74.97(n)    AB066361.1 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii Dr.261742 Transcribed sequence with weak similarity to protein more 75.81(n)    BG307803.1 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for PCDH1 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for PCDH1 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for PCDH1 gene
    PCDHAC12  PCDHA22  PCDH72  PCDH202  PCDHA122  PCDH11Y2  PCDHA52  PCDH122  
    PCDHA112  PCDHA12  PCDH182  PCDH92  PCDH192  PCDH82  PCDH172  PCDHGC32  
    PCDHA72  PCDH11X2  PCDHA62  PCDHA82  PCDH102  PCDHA102  PCDHA132  PCDHA92  
    PCDHA32  PCDHA42  
    Selected SIMAP similar genes for PCDH1 using alignment to 7 protein entries:     PCDH1_HUMAN (see all proteins) (see all similar genes):
    PCDH7    FAT2    FAT3    PCDH11X    PCDH9    PCDH11Y
    ME4    ME2    ME3    PCDHB18    CDH23    DKFZp586I1919
    ME1    ME5    PCDHA4    PCDHGA6    DKFZp434P2350    ME6

    Find genes that share paralogs with PCDH1           About GenesLikeMe



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for PCDH1 (see all 578)    About this table                                 

    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 5 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1486826951,2
    --141232471(+) ATATCA/GGGAGC 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1849702331,2
    --141232537(+) CAGAGA/GCACAG 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1902061361,2
    --141232632(+) GGGATC/TCCCCC 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs49959461,2
    C,F,H--141232776(+) CACCCC/ACATCC 1 -- ut313Minor allele frequency- A:0.01NS 692
    rs1422207131,2
    --141232844(+) ACTGCA/GGCAGG 1 -- ut310--------
    rs117431881,2
    H--141233202(+) TCAGGA/GCTAAA 1 -- ut310--------
    rs1466520891,2
    --141233210(+) AAAATC/TGGGCA 1 -- ut310--------
    rs787844741,2
    C,F--141233231(+) GCCCTG/CGTCGG 1 -- ut311Minor allele frequency- C:0.02WA 118
    rs1929740041,2
    C--141233283(+) TGACTC/TCACCA 1 -- ut310--------
    rs102137901,2
    C,H--141233369(+) ATCAGC/ATGGGG 1 -- ut3110Minor allele frequency- A:0.02NA WA CSA 252

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for PCDH1 (141232672 - 141258811 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for PCDH1:    About this table    
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv509093CNV Insertion20534489

    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
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    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    OMIM gene information: 603626    OMIM disorders: --


    Find genes that share disorders with PCDH1           About GenesLikeMe


    Export disorders for PCDH1 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for PCDH1 gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 35):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with PCDH1)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Protocadherins: a large family of cadherin-related molecules in central nervous system. (PubMed id 8508762)1, 2, 3 Sano K.... Suzuki S. (EMBO J. 1993)
    2. Common genetic variation and antidepressant efficacy in major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of three genome-wide pharmacogenetic studies. (PubMed id 23377640)1 (Am J Psychiatry 2013)
    3. A genome-wide meta-analysis identifies two novel loci associated with high myopia in the Han Chinese population. (PubMed id 23406873)1 Shi Y....Yang Z. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2013)
    4. Genetic variants in Protocadherin-1, bronchial hyper-responsiveness, and asthma subphenotypes in German children. (PubMed id 23050600)1 Toncheva A.A....Kabesch M. (Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012)
    5. Protocadherin-1 polymorphisms are associated with eczema in two Dutch birth cohorts. (PubMed id 21929597)1 Koning H....Koppelman G.H. (Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012)
    6. Characterization of protocadherin-1 expression in primary bronchial epithelial cells: association with epithelial cell differentiation. (PubMed id 21982948)1 Koning H....Koppelman G.H. (FASEB J. 2012)
    7. Initial characterization of the human central proteome. (PubMed id 21269460)2 Burkard T.R.... Colinge J. (BMC Syst. Biol. 2011)
    8. Identification of VKORC1 interaction partners by split-ubiquitin system and coimmunoprecipitation. (PubMed id 21103663)1 Schaafhausen A....MA1ller C.R. (Thromb. Haemost. 2011)
    9. Systematic and quantitative assessment of the ubiquitin-modified proteome. (PubMed id 21906983)1 Kim W....Gygi S.P. (Mol. Cell 2011)
    10. System-wide temporal characterization of the proteome and phosphoproteome of human embryonic stem cell differentiation. (PubMed id 21406692)2 Rigbolt K.T....Blagoev B. (Sci. Signal. 2011)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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      Query String
    PubMed
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    NCBI Bookshelf
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 5097 HGNC: 8655 AceView: PCDH1 Ensembl:ENSG00000156453 euGenes: HUgn5097
    ECgene: PCDH1 H-InvDB: PCDH1

    (According to HUGE)
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      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL, and/or others, e.g. Wikipedia and GeneReviews, via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for PCDH1 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways
    ATLAS Chromosomes in Cancer entry for PCDH1 Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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    Patent Information for PCDH1 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving PCDH1

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



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