Aliases for PAX6 Gene
External Ids for PAX6 Gene
Previous Symbols for PAX6 Gene
This gene encodes paired box gene 6, one of many human homologs of the Drosophila melanogaster gene prd. In addition to the hallmark feature of this gene family, a conserved paired box domain, the encoded protein also contains a homeo box domain. Both domains are known to bind DNA and function as regulators of gene transcription. This gene is expressed in the developing nervous system, and in developing eyes. Mutations in this gene are known to cause ocular disorders such as aniridia and Peter's anomaly. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]
GeneCards Summary for PAX6 Gene
PAX6 (Paired Box 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PAX6 include coloboma of iris and coloboma of optic nerve. Among its related pathways are L1CAM interactions and Regulation of beta-cell development. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity and transcription factor binding. An important paralog of this gene is PAX4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PAX6 Gene
Transcription factor with important functions in the development of the eye, nose, central nervous system and pancreas. Required for the differentiation of pancreatic islet alpha cells (By similarity). Competes with PAX4 in binding to a common element in the glucagon, insulin and somatostatin promoters. Regulates specification of the ventral neuron subtypes by establishing the correct progenitor domains (By similarity). Isoform 5a appears to function as a molecular switch that specifies target genes.