Aliases for PARP1 Gene
- Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase 1 2 3 5
- ADP-Ribosyltransferase (NAD+; Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase) 2 3
- ADP-Ribosyltransferase Diphtheria Toxin-Like 1 3 4
- Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Family, Member 1 2 3
- NAD(+) ADP-Ribosyltransferase 1 3 4
- Poly[ADP-Ribose] Synthase 1 3 4
- EC 22.214.171.124 4 61
- ADPRT 1 3 4
- PARP-1 3 4
- ADPRT 3 4
- ARTD1 3 4
External Ids for PARP1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PARP1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PARP1 Gene
This gene encodes a chromatin-associated enzyme, poly(ADP-ribosyl)transferase, which modifies various nuclear proteins by poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation. The modification is dependent on DNA and is involved in the regulation of various important cellular processes such as differentiation, proliferation, and tumor transformation and also in the regulation of the molecular events involved in the recovery of cell from DNA damage. In addition, this enzyme may be the site of mutation in Fanconi anemia, and may participate in the pathophysiology of type I diabetes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PARP1 Gene
PARP1 (Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PARP1 include Diphtheria and Hemorrhagic Cystitis. Among its related pathways are Transcriptional activity of SMAD2/SMAD3-SMAD4 heterotrimer and DREAM Repression and Dynorphin Expression. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and protein kinase binding. An important paralog of this gene is PARP2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PARP1 Gene
Involved in the base excision repair (BER) pathway, by catalyzing the poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of a limited number of acceptor proteins involved in chromatin architecture and in DNA metabolism. This modification follows DNA damages and appears as an obligatory step in a detection/signaling pathway leading to the reparation of DNA strand breaks (PubMed:17177976, PubMed:18172500, PubMed:19344625, PubMed:19661379, PubMed:23230272). Mediates the poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of APLF and CHFR (PubMed:17396150). Positively regulates the transcription of MTUS1 and negatively regulates the transcription of MTUS2/TIP150. With EEF1A1 and TXK, forms a complex that acts as a T-helper 1 (Th1) cell-specific transcription factor and binds the promoter of IFN-gamma to directly regulate its transcription, and is thus involved importantly in Th1 cytokine production (PubMed:17177976). Required for PARP9 and DTX3L recruitment to DNA damage sites (PubMed:23230272). PARP1-dependent PARP9-DTX3L-mediated ubiquitination promotes the rapid and specific recruitment of 53BP1/TP53BP1, UIMC1/RAP80, and BRCA1 to DNA damage sites (PubMed:23230272). Mediates the poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of histones in a HPF1-dependent manner (PubMed:27067600). Involved in the synthesis of ATP in the nucleus, together with NMNAT1, PARG and NUDT5 (PubMed:27257257). Nuclear ATP generation is required for extensive chromatin remodeling events that are energy-consuming (PubMed:27257257).
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) catalyzes the post-translational modification of proteins by the addition of multiple ADP-ribose moieties. PARP transfers ADP-ribose from nicotinamide dinucleotide (NAD) to Glu/Asp residues on the substrate protein.