Aliases for P2RY14 Gene
External Ids for P2RY14 Gene
Previous Symbols for P2RY14 Gene
The product of this gene belongs to the family of G-protein coupled receptors, which contains several receptor subtypes with different pharmacological selectivity for various adenosine and uridine nucleotides. This receptor is a P2Y purinergic receptor for UDP-glucose and other UDP-sugars coupled to G-proteins. It has been implicated in extending the known immune system functions of P2Y receptors by participating in the regulation of the stem cell compartment, and it may also play a role in neuroimmune function. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for P2RY14 Gene
P2RY14 (Purinergic Receptor P2Y, G-Protein Coupled, 14) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with P2RY14 include usher syndrome. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled purinergic nucleotide receptor activity and UDP-activated nucleotide receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GPR34.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for P2RY14 Gene
Receptor for UDP-glucose and other UDP-sugar coupled to G-proteins. Not activated by ATP, ADP, UTP or ATP.
P2Y receptors are G-protein-coupled receptors that respond to extracellular purine and pyrimidine nucleotides. To date eight mammalian P2Y receptors are known (P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, P2Y11, P2Y12, P2Y13 and P2Y14) as well as the non-mammalian chick p2y3, Xenopus p2y8 and turkey p2y receptors. p2y9 and p2y10 receptors are considered to be orphan receptors, and p2y5 is now known to actually be a leukotriene B4 receptor. P2Y receptor signaling is mediated through coupling to G proteins, mainly Gq/11, with P2Y12, P2Y13 and P2Y14 signaling through Gi/o. Activation of P2Y receptors initiates a wide range of signaling cascades including PLCbeta, PLD, PLA2, AC and MAPK/MEK kinase. P2Y receptors are found in most human tissues. They have diverse physiological roles including regulation of platelet aggregation, muscle contraction, neurotransmission, and epithelial cell communication and migration.