Aliases for OTULIN Gene
External Ids for OTULIN Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for OTULIN Gene
This gene encodes a member of the peptidase C65 family of ubiquitin isopeptidases. Members of this family remove ubiquitin from proteins. The encoded enzyme specifically recognizes and removes M1(Met1)-linked, or linear, ubiquitin chains from protein substrates. Linear ubiquitin chains are known to regulate the NF-kappa B signaling pathway in the context of immunity and inflammation. Mutations in this gene cause a potentially fatal autoinflammatory syndrome in human patients. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016]
GeneCards Summary for OTULIN Gene
OTULIN (OTU Deubiquitinase With Linear Linkage Specificity) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with OTULIN include Otulipenia and Panniculitis. Among its related pathways are Protein ubiquitination and NF-kappaB Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type peptidase activity and thiol-dependent ubiquitin-specific protease activity. An important paralog of this gene is FAM105A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OTULIN Gene
Deubiquitinase that specifically removes linear (Met-1-linked) polyubiquitin chains to substrates and acts as a regulator of angiogenesis and innate immune response (PubMed:23708998, PubMed:23746843, PubMed:23806334, PubMed:23827681, PubMed:27523608, PubMed:27559085, PubMed:24726323, PubMed:24726327). Associates with the LUBAC complex via direct interaction with RNF31 and counteracts its action by cleaving linear polyubiquitin chains to substrates (PubMed:23708998, PubMed:23746843, PubMed:23806334, PubMed:23827681, PubMed:24726323, PubMed:24726327). Required during angiogenesis, craniofacial and neuronal development by regulating the canonical Wnt signaling together with the LUBAC complex (PubMed:23708998). Acts as a negative regulator of NF-kappa-B by counteracting activity of the LUBAC complex (PubMed:23746843, PubMed:23806334). Required for homeostasis of the LUBAC complex by restricting autoubiquination of the LUBAC complex subunit RNF31 (PubMed:24726323). Some results have suggested that OTULIN function is restricted to homeostasis of the LUBAC complex, because it is not stably associated with TNF or NOD2 receptor signaling complexes (RSCs) (PubMed:26670046). However, further report have shown that it plays active roles in receptor signaling (PubMed:26997266, PubMed:27523608). Acts as a key negative regulator of inflammation by restricting spontaneous inflammation and maintaining immune homeostasis (PubMed:27523608). In myeloid cell, required to prevent unwarranted secretion of cytokines leading to inflammation and autoimmunity by restricting linear polyubiquitin formation (PubMed:27523608). Plays a key role in innate immune response by restricting linear polyubiquitin formation on RIPK2 in response to NOD2 stimulation, probably to limit NOD2-dependent proinflammatory signaling (PubMed:23806334).