Aliases for OTULIN Gene
External Ids for OTULIN Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for OTULIN Gene
This gene encodes a member of the peptidase C65 family of ubiquitin isopeptidases. Members of this family remove ubiquitin from proteins. The encoded enzyme specifically recognizes and removes M1(Met1)-linked, or linear, ubiquitin chains from protein substrates. Linear ubiquitin chains are known to regulate the NF-kappa B signaling pathway in the context of immunity and inflammation. Mutations in this gene cause a potentially fatal autoinflammatory syndrome in human patients. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016]
GeneCards Summary for OTULIN Gene
OTULIN (OTU Deubiquitinase With Linear Linkage Specificity) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with OTULIN include Autoinflammation, Panniculitis, And Dermatosis Syndrome and Panniculitis. Among its related pathways are Protein ubiquitination and TNF signaling (REACTOME). GO annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type peptidase activity and thiol-dependent ubiquitin-specific protease activity. An important paralog of this gene is FAM105A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OTULIN Gene
Deubiquitinase that specifically removes linear (Met-1-linked) polyubiquitin chains to substrates and acts as a regulator of angiogenesis and innate immune response (PubMed:23708998, PubMed:23746843, PubMed:23806334, PubMed:23827681, PubMed:27523608, PubMed:27559085, PubMed:24726323, PubMed:24726327). Associates with the LUBAC complex via direct interaction with RNF31 and counteracts its action by cleaving linear polyubiquitin chains to substrates (PubMed:23708998, PubMed:23746843, PubMed:23806334, PubMed:23827681, PubMed:24726323, PubMed:24726327). Required during angiogenesis, craniofacial and neuronal development by regulating the canonical Wnt signaling together with the LUBAC complex (PubMed:23708998). Acts as a negative regulator of NF-kappa-B by counteracting activity of the LUBAC complex (PubMed:23746843, PubMed:23806334). Required for homeostasis of the LUBAC complex by restricting autoubiquination of the LUBAC complex subunit RNF31 (PubMed:24726323). Some results have suggested that OTULIN function is restricted to homeostasis of the LUBAC complex, because it is not stably associated with TNF or NOD2 receptor signaling complexes (RSCs) (PubMed:26670046). However, further report have shown that it plays active roles in receptor signaling (PubMed:26997266, PubMed:27523608). Acts as a key negative regulator of inflammation by restricting spontaneous inflammation and maintaining immune homeostasis (PubMed:27523608). In myeloid cell, required to prevent unwarranted secretion of cytokines leading to inflammation and autoimmunity by restricting linear polyubiquitin formation (PubMed:27523608). Plays a key role in innate immune response by restricting linear polyubiquitin formation on RIPK2 in response to NOD2 stimulation, probably to limit NOD2-dependent proinflammatory signaling (PubMed:23806334).