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Aliases for OTOF Gene

Aliases for OTOF Gene

  • Otoferlin 2 3
  • Fer-1-Like Family Member 2 2 3
  • Fer-1-Like Protein 2 3 4
  • FER1L2 3 4
  • AUNB1 3 6
  • NSRD9 3 6
  • DFNB9 3 6
  • EC 4.2.1.11 63
  • EC 2.7.10.1 63
  • DFNB6 3

External Ids for OTOF Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for OTOF Gene

  • DFNB9

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for OTOF Gene

  • GC02M026601
  • GC02M026772
  • GC02M026654
  • GC02M026591
  • GC02M026688

Summaries for OTOF Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for OTOF Gene

  • Mutations in this gene are a cause of neurosensory nonsyndromic recessive deafness, DFNB9. The short form of the encoded protein has 3 C2 domains, a single carboxy-terminal transmembrane domain found also in the C. elegans spermatogenesis factor FER-1 and human dysferlin, while the long form has 6 C2 domains. The homology suggests that this protein may be involved in vesicle membrane fusion. Several transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for OTOF Gene

OTOF (Otoferlin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with OTOF include deafness, autosomal recessive 9 and otof-related deafness. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is FER1L6.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OTOF Gene

  • Key calcium ion sensor involved in the Ca(2+)-triggered synaptic vesicle-plasma membrane fusion and in the control of neurotransmitter release at these output synapses. Interacts in a calcium-dependent manner to the presynaptic SNARE proteins at ribbon synapses of cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs) to trigger exocytosis of neurotransmitter. Also essential to synaptic exocytosis in immature outer hair cells (OHCs). May also play a role within the recycling of endosomes (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for OTOF Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for OTOF Gene

Genomics for OTOF Gene

Regulatory Elements for OTOF Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for OTOF Gene

Start:
26,457,203 bp from pter
End:
26,558,698 bp from pter
Size:
101,496 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for OTOF Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for OTOF Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for OTOF Gene

Proteins for OTOF Gene

  • Protein details for OTOF Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9HC10-OTOF_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Otoferlin
    Protein Accession:
    Q9HC10
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DJX0
    • B5MCC1
    • B9A0H6
    • Q53R90
    • Q9HC08
    • Q9HC09
    • Q9Y650

    Protein attributes for OTOF Gene

    Size:
    1997 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    226753 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108; Note=Binds Ca(2+). The ions are bound to the C2 1 domain.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with SNAP2; the interaction is direct. Interacts with STX1; the interaction is direct. Interacts with RAB8B (By similarity).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAG58982.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for OTOF Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for OTOF Gene

Proteomics data for OTOF Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for OTOF Gene

Post-translational modifications for OTOF Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains for OTOF Gene

Protein Domains for OTOF Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for OTOF Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9HC10

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

OTOF_HUMAN :
  • Q9HC10
Domain:
  • The N-terminal first 124 residues can be classified as C2 domain, based on their 3D-structure. They are not sufficient for calcium ion or phospholipid binding (By similarity).
  • Contains 4 C2 domains.
Family:
  • Belongs to the ferlin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with OTOF: view

No data available for Gene Families for OTOF Gene

Function for OTOF Gene

Molecular function for OTOF Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: otoferlin C elegans a FER1-like homolog,mainly expressed in the cochlear inner hair cells and vestibular type I sensory hair cells,putatively involved in synaptic vesicular trafficking
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Key calcium ion sensor involved in the Ca(2+)-triggered synaptic vesicle-plasma membrane fusion and in the control of neurotransmitter release at these output synapses. Interacts in a calcium-dependent manner to the presynaptic SNARE proteins at ribbon synapses of cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs) to trigger exocytosis of neurotransmitter. Also essential to synaptic exocytosis in immature outer hair cells (OHCs). May also play a role within the recycling of endosomes (By similarity).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for OTOF Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for OTOF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding ISS --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0035612 AP-2 adaptor complex binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with OTOF: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with OTOF: view

Animal Models for OTOF Gene

MGI Knock Outs for OTOF:

Animal Model Products

No data available for miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for OTOF Gene

Localization for OTOF Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OTOF Gene

Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle, synaptic vesicle membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Basolateral cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Note=Detected at basolateral cell membrane with synaptic vesicles surrounding the ribbon and at the presynaptic plasma membrane in the inner hair cells (IHCs). Colocalizes with GPR25 and RAB8B in inner hair cells (By similarity). {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for OTOF Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for OTOF gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 4
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for OTOF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum --
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS 10192385
GO:0005886 plasma membrane --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with OTOF: view

Pathways for OTOF Gene

SuperPathways for OTOF Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for OTOF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007605 sensory perception of sound IEA --
GO:0016079 synaptic vesicle exocytosis ISS --
GO:0061025 membrane fusion TAS 10192385
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with OTOF: view

No data available for Pathways by source for OTOF Gene

Transcripts for OTOF Gene

Unigene Clusters for OTOF Gene

Otoferlin:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for OTOF

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for OTOF

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for OTOF Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for OTOF Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
OTOF
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
OTOF

Expression for OTOF Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for OTOF Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for OTOF Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (15.4), Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (12.8), and Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (8.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for OTOF Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for OTOF Gene Hs.91608

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for OTOF Gene

Q9HC10-OTOF_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Isoform 1 and isoform 3 are found in adult brain. Isoform 2 is expressed in the fetus and in adult brain, heart, placenta, skeletal muscle and kidney
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with OTOF: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for OTOF Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for OTOF Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 25 (a)
ManyToMany
OTOF 35
  • 95.32 (n)
  • 94.08 (a)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia OTOF 35
  • 90.52 (n)
  • 94.19 (a)
OTOF 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia OTOF 35
  • 91.55 (n)
  • 95.74 (a)
OTOF 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Otof 35
  • 88.61 (n)
  • 94.84 (a)
Otof 16
Otof 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia OTOF 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia OTOF 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Otof 35
  • 88.73 (n)
  • 95.29 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves OTOF 35
  • 78.43 (n)
  • 82.23 (a)
OTOF 36
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia OTOF 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia otof 35
  • 74.52 (n)
  • 80.68 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii otof 35
  • 72.08 (n)
  • 78.06 (a)
otof 36
  • 77 (a)
OneToMany
OTOF (1 of 2) 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000389 35
  • 62.22 (n)
  • 55.91 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta mfr 36
  • 23 (a)
OneToMany
CG5747 37
  • 32 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea fer-1 36
  • 20 (a)
ManyToMany
ferl-1 36
  • 15 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.9502 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 55 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for OTOF:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for OTOF Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for OTOF (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for OTOF (if available)

Paralogs for OTOF Gene

Paralogs for OTOF Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for OTOF Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with OTOF: view

Variants for OTOF Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for OTOF Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs869439 -- 26,500,859(-) TATCT(C/T)TGATG intron-variant
rs869440 -- 26,500,829(-) CACAC(C/T)AACCC intron-variant
rs884390 -- 26,503,884(-) TGCGT(C/T)CCTCT intron-variant
rs884836 -- 26,534,301(-) ACAGG(A/C)CCTGT intron-variant
rs939810 -- 26,533,783(+) TTTTT(C/T)TCATT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for OTOF Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv33316 CNV Loss 17666407
nsv873749 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv517800 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv819195 CNV Gain 19587683
nsv455941 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv455952 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv817662 CNV Loss 17921354

Relevant External Links for OTOF Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
OTOF
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
OTOF
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)
OTOF

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OTOF Gene

Disorders for OTOF Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for OTOF Gene (603681)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

OTOF_HUMAN
  • Deafness, autosomal recessive, 9 (DFNB9) [MIM:601071]: A form of non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss. Sensorineural deafness results from damage to the neural receptors of the inner ear, the nerve pathways to the brain, or the area of the brain that receives sound information. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10192385, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12127154, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16097006, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16283880, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16371502}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Auditory neuropathy, autosomal recessive, 1 (AUNB1) [MIM:601071]: A form of sensorineural hearing loss with absent or severely abnormal auditory brainstem response, in the presence of normal cochlear outer hair cell function and normal otoacoustic emissions. Auditory neuropathies result from a lesion in the area including the inner hair cells, connections between the inner hair cells and the cochlear branch of the auditory nerve, the auditory nerve itself and auditory pathways of the brainstem. In some cases AUNB1 phenotype can be temperature sensitive. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16371502, ECO:0000269 PubMed:18381613}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(3) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for OTOF Gene

(5) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for OTOF Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
dfnb1 91.7 1
deafness sensorineural 69.4 1
hearing loss sensorineural 51.1 2
hearing impaired 49.5 1
muscular dystrophies 35.1 1

Relevant External Links for OTOF

GeneTests
OTOF
GeneReviews
OTOF
Genetic Association Database (GAD)
OTOF
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
OTOF
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with OTOF: view

Publications for OTOF Gene

  1. A multicenter study on the prevalence and spectrum of mutations in the otoferlin gene (OTOF) in subjects with nonsyndromic hearing impairment and auditory neuropathy. (PMID: 18381613) Rodriguez-Ballesteros M. … del Castillo I. (Hum. Mutat. 2008) 2 3 4 23 48
  2. A mutation in OTOF, encoding otoferlin, a FER-1-like protein, causes DFNB9, a nonsyndromic form of deafness. (PMID: 10192385) Yasunaga S. … Petit C. (Nat. Genet. 1999) 2 3 4 23
  3. OTOF encodes multiple long and short isoforms: genetic evidence that the long ones underlie recessive deafness DFNB9. (PMID: 10903124) Yasunaga S. … Petit C. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2000) 3 4 23
  4. Auditory neuropathy in patients carrying mutations in the otoferlin gene (OTOF). (PMID: 14635104) RodrA-guez-Ballesteros M. … del Castillo I. (Hum. Mutat. 2003) 3 23 48
  5. OTOF mutations revealed by genetic analysis of hearing loss families including a potential temperature sensitive auditory neuropathy allele. (PMID: 16371502) Varga R. … Kimberling W.J. (J. Med. Genet. 2006) 3 4 23

Products for OTOF Gene

Sources for OTOF Gene

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