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Aliases for OPHN1 Gene

Aliases for OPHN1 Gene

  • Oligophrenin 1 2 3 5
  • Mental Retardation, X-Linked 60 2 3
  • Oligophrenin-1, Rho-GTPase Activating Protein 3
  • Oligophrenin-1 3
  • ARHGAP41 3
  • MRX60 3
  • OPN1 3

External Ids for OPHN1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for OPHN1 Gene

  • MRX60

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for OPHN1 Gene

  • GC0XM063483
  • GC0XM064728
  • GC0XM065495
  • GC0XM066129
  • GC0XM067045
  • GC0XM067178
  • GC0XM061092
  • GC0XM067262

Summaries for OPHN1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for OPHN1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a Rho-GTPase-activating protein that promotes GTP hydrolysis of Rho subfamily members. Rho proteins are important mediators of intracellular signal transduction, which affects cell migration and cell morphogenesis. Mutations in this gene are responsible for OPHN1-related X-linked mental retardation with cerebellar hypoplasia and distinctive facial dysmorhphism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for OPHN1 Gene

OPHN1 (Oligophrenin 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with OPHN1 include Mental Retardation, X-Linked, With Cerebellar Hypoplasia And Distinctive Facial Appearance and Cerebellar Hypoplasia. Among its related pathways are Regulation of RhoA activity and Neuroscience. GO annotations related to this gene include actin binding and phospholipid binding. An important paralog of this gene is ARHGAP42.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OPHN1 Gene

  • Stimulates GTP hydrolysis of members of the Rho family. Its action on RHOA activity and signaling is implicated in growth and stabilization of dendritic spines, and therefore in synaptic function. Critical for the stabilization of AMPA receptors at postsynaptic sites. Critical for the regulation of synaptic vesicle endocytosis at presynaptic terminals. Required for the localization of NR1D1 to dendrites, can suppress its repressor activity and protect it from proteasomal degradation (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for OPHN1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for OPHN1 Gene

Genomics for OPHN1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for OPHN1 Gene

Enhancers for OPHN1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH0XF068432 1 ENCODE 0.8 +0.5 460 2.9 ATF1 SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 ZNF263 SP3 REST OPHN1 ENSG00000206646
GH0XF068429 0.8 ENCODE 0.8 +4.5 4500 0.2 ZSCAN5A KLF1 ZNF146 INSM2 HIC1 ZNF121 ZNF324 GLIS2 PATZ1 PRDM10 OPHN1 ENSG00000206646
GH0XF068438 0.8 ENCODE 0.8 -5.0 -4999 1.6 HDAC1 KLF1 LEF1 ZNF146 PKNOX1 TAL1 ETV1 GATA2 NCOR1 PRDM10 YIPF6 OPHN1 LOC100128467
GH0XF068462 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 0.3 -28.7 -28711 0.5 ATF1 PKNOX1 ZNF133 FEZF1 GLI4 ZNF2 YY1 GTF3C2 ZNF121 ZNF302 YIPF6 LOC100128467 OPHN1
GH0XF068428 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 +5.1 5108 0.8 ZNF362 ZNF146 INSM2 SP2 ZEB2 ZFP69B JUND PATZ1 SCRT2 PRDM10 OPHN1 ENSG00000206646
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around OPHN1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for OPHN1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000479268 612 2600 SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 ZNF263 SP3 REST PPARG

Genomic Location for OPHN1 Gene

Chromosome:
X
Start:
68,042,344 bp from pter
End:
68,433,913 bp from pter
Size:
391,570 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for OPHN1 Gene

Genes around OPHN1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
OPHN1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for OPHN1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for OPHN1 Gene

Proteins for OPHN1 Gene

  • Protein details for OPHN1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O60890-OPHN1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Oligophrenin-1
    Protein Accession:
    O60890
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B9EIP8
    • Q5JQ81
    • Q6PCC1
    • Q8WX47

    Protein attributes for OPHN1 Gene

    Size:
    802 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    91641 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with HOMER1. Interacts with AMPA receptor complexes. Interacts with SH3GL2 (endophilin-A1) (By similarity). Interacts (via C-terminus) with NR1D1 (By similarity).

    Alternative splice isoforms for OPHN1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for OPHN1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for OPHN1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for OPHN1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for OPHN1 Gene

Domains & Families for OPHN1 Gene

Protein Domains for OPHN1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for OPHN1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O60890

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

OPHN1_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 PH domain.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 PH domain.
  • Contains 1 Rho-GAP domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with OPHN1: view

Function for OPHN1 Gene

Molecular function for OPHN1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Stimulates GTP hydrolysis of members of the Rho family. Its action on RHOA activity and signaling is implicated in growth and stabilization of dendritic spines, and therefore in synaptic function. Critical for the stabilization of AMPA receptors at postsynaptic sites. Critical for the regulation of synaptic vesicle endocytosis at presynaptic terminals. Required for the localization of NR1D1 to dendrites, can suppress its repressor activity and protect it from proteasomal degradation (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for OPHN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003779 actin binding IEA --
GO:0005096 GTPase activator activity IEA,TAS --
GO:0005543 phospholipid binding IDA 18954304
GO:0035255 ionotropic glutamate receptor binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with OPHN1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with OPHN1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for OPHN1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for OPHN1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for OPHN1:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for OPHN1 Gene

Localization for OPHN1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OPHN1 Gene

Cell junction, synapse. Cell projection, axon. Cell projection, dendritic spine. Cell projection, dendrite. Cytoplasm. Note=Present in both presynaptic and postsynaptic sites. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for OPHN1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
cytoskeleton 3
nucleus 3
plasma membrane 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for OPHN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0015629 actin cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0030054 cell junction IEA --
GO:0030424 axon IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with OPHN1: view

Pathways & Interactions for OPHN1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with OPHN1: view

Pathways by source for OPHN1 Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for OPHN1 Gene
1 BioSystems pathway for OPHN1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for OPHN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006897 endocytosis IEA --
GO:0006930 substrate-dependent cell migration, cell extension TAS 9582072
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0007399 nervous system development IEA,TAS 9582072
GO:0007411 axon guidance TAS 9582072
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with OPHN1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for OPHN1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for OPHN1 Gene

(1) Drugs for OPHN1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Guanosine triphosphate Experimental Pharma 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with OPHN1: view

Transcripts for OPHN1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for OPHN1 Gene

Oligophrenin 1:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for OPHN1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for OPHN1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
OPHN1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
OPHN1

Expression for OPHN1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for OPHN1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for OPHN1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (20.3), Breast (16.5), Placenta (7.6), and Fetal Brain (7.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for OPHN1 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of OPHN1 Gene:

OPHN1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for OPHN1 Gene:

Hs.128824

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for OPHN1 Gene:

O60890-OPHN1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in brain.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with OPHN1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Protein tissue co-expression partners for OPHN1 Gene

Orthologs for OPHN1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for OPHN1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia OPHN1 34 35
  • 99.83 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOC525644 34
  • 92.23 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia OPHN1 34 35
  • 92.18 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia OPHN1 35
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ophn1 34 16 35
  • 88.03 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ophn1 34
  • 87.12 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia OPHN1 35
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves OPHN1 34 35
  • 79.1 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia OPHN1 35
  • 80 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ophn1 34
  • 68.86 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC68856 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ophn1 35
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Graf 36 35
  • 38 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea T04C9.1 35
  • 29 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for OPHN1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for OPHN1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for OPHN1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for OPHN1 (if available)

Paralogs for OPHN1 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for OPHN1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with OPHN1: view

Variants for OPHN1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for OPHN1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs137854493 Pathogenic 68,299,067(-) TTTCC(C/T)AGACG reference, stop-gained
rs587784234 Pathogenic 68,213,963(-) ACCTA(C/T)AGGTG reference, stop-gained
rs869312676 Likely pathogenic 68,063,977(-) TGCAG(A/G)ATGGA intron-variant, reference, missense
rs748176965 Likely benign 68,053,662(+) ATTTC(C/T)CCCGC reference, synonymous-codon
rs765654561 Likely benign 68,274,789(+) ATCAG(C/T)AAATC reference, synonymous-codon

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for OPHN1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv818030 CNV gain 17921354
nsv6939 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv6938 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv517446 CNV gain 19592680
nsv436640 CNV deletion 17901297
esv3574021 CNV loss 25503493
esv3574019 CNV loss 25503493
esv3362712 CNV insertion 20981092
esv2758871 CNV gain 17122850
esv2740203 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2676108 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2575463 CNV deletion 19546169
esv1584074 OTHER inversion 17803354

Variation tolerance for OPHN1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 50.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.88; 48.43% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for OPHN1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
OPHN1
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
OPHN1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OPHN1 Gene

Disorders for OPHN1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for OPHN1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
mental retardation, x-linked, with cerebellar hypoplasia and distinctive facial appearance
  • mental retardation x-linked with cerebellar hypoplasia and distinctive facial appearance
cerebellar hypoplasia
  • cerebellar hypoplasia-tapetoretinal degeneration syndrome
renpenning syndrome
  • renpenning syndrome 1
non-syndromic intellectual disability
partington syndrome
  • partington x-linked mental retardation syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search OPHN1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

OPHN1_HUMAN
  • Mental retardation, X-linked, syndromic, OPHN1-related (MRXSO) [MIM:300486]: A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRXSO patients manifest mental retardation associated with cerebellar hypoplasia and distinctive facial dysmorphism. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10439959, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21796728, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9582072}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for OPHN1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
OPHN1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
OPHN1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
OPHN1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with OPHN1: view

No data available for Genatlas for OPHN1 Gene

Publications for OPHN1 Gene

  1. Oligophrenin-1 encodes a rhoGAP protein involved in X-linked mental retardation. (PMID: 9582072) Billuart P. … Chelly J. (Nature 1998) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. [Anassociation study between OPHN1 gene rs492933 polymorphism and mental retardation in children of the Qinba Mountain region.]. (PMID: 18930891) Zhang L.J. … Zhang F.C. (Yi Chuan 2008) 3 22 46 64
  3. Oligophrenin 1 mutations frequently cause X-linked mental retardation with cerebellar hypoplasia. (PMID: 16221952) Zanni G. … Chelly J. (Neurology 2005) 3 22 46 64
  4. Determination of the gene structure of human oligophrenin-1 and identification of three novel polymorphisms by screening of DNA from 164 patients with non-specific X-linked mental retardation. (PMID: 10818214) Billuart P. … Bienvenu T. (Ann. Genet. 2000) 3 4 22 64
  5. Deletion including the oligophrenin-1 gene associated with enlarged cerebral ventricles, cerebellar hypoplasia, seizures and ataxia. (PMID: 10439959) Tentler D. … Dahl N. (Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 1999) 3 4 22 64

Products for OPHN1 Gene

Sources for OPHN1 Gene

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