External Ids for OAZ2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for OAZ2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the ornithine decarboxylase antizyme family, which plays a role in cell growth and proliferation by regulating intracellular polyamines. Expression of antizymes requires +1 ribosomal frameshifting, which is enhanced by high levels of polyamines. Antizymes in turn bind to and inhibit ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis; thus, completing the auto-regulatory circuit. This gene encodes antizyme 2, the second member of the antizyme family. Like antizyme 1, antizyme 2 has broad tissue distribution, inhibits ODC activity and polyamine uptake, and stimulates ODC degradation in vivo; however, it fails to promote ODC degradation in vitro. Antizyme 2 is expressed at lower levels than antizyme 1, but is evolutionary more conserved, suggesting it likely has an important biological role. Studies also show different subcellular localization of antizymes 1 and 2, indicating specific function for each antizyme in discrete compartments of the cell. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]
GeneCards Summary for OAZ2 Gene
OAZ2 (Ornithine Decarboxylase Antizyme 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6 and Viral mRNA Translation. GO annotations related to this gene include enzyme inhibitor activity and ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is OAZ3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OAZ2 Gene
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) antizyme protein that negatively regulates ODC activity and intracellular polyamine biosynthesis and uptake by binding to ODC1 without promoting its degradation (PubMed:17900240). Involved in the translocation of AZNI2 from ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC) to the cytosol.