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Aliases for OAZ2 Gene

Aliases for OAZ2 Gene

  • Ornithine Decarboxylase Antizyme 2 2 3
  • ODC-Az 2 3 4
  • AZ2 3 4

External Ids for OAZ2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for OAZ2 Gene

  • GC15P060699
  • GC15M9D0083
  • GC15M062558
  • GC15M062766
  • GC15M064979
  • GC15M041805

Summaries for OAZ2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for OAZ2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the ornithine decarboxylase antizyme family, which plays a role in cell growth and proliferation by regulating intracellular polyamines. Expression of antizymes requires +1 ribosomal frameshifting, which is enhanced by high levels of polyamines. Antizymes in turn bind to and inhibit ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis; thus, completing the auto-regulatory circuit. This gene encodes antizyme 2, the second member of the antizyme family. Like antizyme 1, antizyme 2 has broad tissue distribution, inhibits ODC activity and polyamine uptake, and stimulates ODC degradation in vivo; however, it fails to promote ODC degradation in vitro. Antizyme 2 is expressed at lower levels than antizyme 1, but is evolutionary more conserved, suggesting it likely has an important biological role. Studies also show different subcellular localization of antizymes 1 and 2, indicating specific function for each antizyme in discrete compartments of the cell. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

GeneCards Summary for OAZ2 Gene

OAZ2 (Ornithine Decarboxylase Antizyme 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism of amino acids and derivatives. GO annotations related to this gene include ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is OAZ3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OAZ2 Gene

  • Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) antizyme protein that negatively regulates ODC activity and intracellular polyamine biosynthesis and uptake by binding to ODC1 without promoting its degradation (PubMed:17900240). Involved in the translocation of AZNI2 from ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC) to the cytosol.

Gene Wiki entry for OAZ2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for OAZ2 Gene

Genomics for OAZ2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for OAZ2 Gene

Genomic Location for OAZ2 Gene

Start:
64,687,573 bp from pter
End:
64,703,281 bp from pter
Size:
15,709 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for OAZ2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for OAZ2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for OAZ2 Gene

Proteins for OAZ2 Gene

  • Protein details for OAZ2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O95190-OAZ2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Ornithine decarboxylase antizyme 2
    Protein Accession:
    O95190
    Secondary Accessions:

    Protein attributes for OAZ2 Gene

    Size:
    189 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    21011 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with AZIN2; the interaction leads to increased ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and decreased rate of ODC degradation.

    Alternative splice isoforms for OAZ2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for OAZ2 Gene

Proteomics data for OAZ2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for OAZ2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for OAZ2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for OAZ2 Gene

Domains for OAZ2 Gene

Protein Domains for OAZ2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for OAZ2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O95190

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

OAZ2_HUMAN :
  • O95190
Family:
  • Belongs to the ODC antizyme family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with OAZ2: view

No data available for Gene Families for OAZ2 Gene

Function for OAZ2 Gene

Molecular function for OAZ2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: ornithine decarboxylase antizyme 2,negative regulator of polyamine level
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) antizyme protein that negatively regulates ODC activity and intracellular polyamine biosynthesis and uptake by binding to ODC1 without promoting its degradation (PubMed:17900240). Involved in the translocation of AZNI2 from ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC) to the cytosol.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for OAZ2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004857 enzyme inhibitor activity --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 17900240
GO:0008073 ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor activity IDA 17900240
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with OAZ2: view

Phenotypes for OAZ2 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for OAZ2:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with OAZ2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for OAZ2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target OAZ2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for OAZ2 Gene

Localization for OAZ2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OAZ2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for OAZ2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for OAZ2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
extracellular 2
nucleus 2
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for OAZ2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with OAZ2: view

Pathways for OAZ2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with OAZ2: view

Pathways by source for OAZ2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for OAZ2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006521 regulation of cellular amino acid metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006595 polyamine metabolic process TAS 9428668
GO:0006596 polyamine biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0034641 cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process TAS --
GO:0043086 negative regulation of catalytic activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with OAZ2: view

Compounds for OAZ2 Gene

(1) HMDB Compounds for OAZ2 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Ornithine
  • (+)-S-Ornithine
70-26-8

(1) Drugbank Compounds for OAZ2 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
L-Ornithine
  • (S)-2,5-Diaminopentanoate
70-26-8 target

(1) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for OAZ2 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
ornithine 56.2 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with OAZ2: view

Transcripts for OAZ2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for OAZ2 Gene

Ornithine decarboxylase antizyme 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for OAZ2

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for OAZ2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b · 10c · 10d · 10e ^ 11
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - - - -
SP7: - - - -
SP8: - - - -
SP9: - - - - - - - -
SP10: - - - - - - -
SP11: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP12: - - - - -

Relevant External Links for OAZ2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
OAZ2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
OAZ2

Expression for OAZ2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for OAZ2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for OAZ2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for OAZ2 Gene Hs.744924

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with OAZ2: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for OAZ2 Gene

Orthologs for OAZ2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for OAZ2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia OAZ2 35
  • 98.4 (n)
  • 97.86 (a)
OAZ2 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia OAZ2 35
  • 98.41 (n)
  • 100 (a)
OAZ2 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia OAZ2 35
  • 98.54 (n)
  • 100 (a)
OAZ2 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Oaz2 35
  • 97.35 (n)
  • 99.47 (a)
Oaz2 16
Oaz2 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia OAZ2 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia OAZ2 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Oaz2 35
  • 96.65 (n)
  • 99.47 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves OAZ2 35
  • 86.24 (n)
  • 91.01 (a)
OAZ2 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia OAZ2 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC68610 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia oaz2 35
  • 79.89 (n)
  • 80.42 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii oaz1 35
oaz1b 36
  • 44 (a)
ManyToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Oda 36
  • 18 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for OAZ2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for OAZ2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for OAZ2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for OAZ2 (if available)

Paralogs for OAZ2 Gene

Paralogs for OAZ2 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for OAZ2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with OAZ2: view

Variants for OAZ2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for OAZ2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 15 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1049335 -- 64,687,721(-) GTGTA(A/G)AAGTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1049338 -- 64,687,680(-) TTTTT(C/T)TAAGG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1133357 -- 64,695,371(+) CAATG(A/G)GCCAA intron-variant
rs3751534 - 64,690,519(-) ACCTC(C/T)CTGTG reference, missense
rs6494486 -- 64,703,994(+) TCACC(A/G)GTGCG upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for OAZ2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833038 CNV Loss 17160897
esv22620 CNV Loss 19812545

Relevant External Links for OAZ2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
OAZ2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OAZ2 Gene

Disorders for OAZ2 Gene

No disorders were found for OAZ2 Gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OAZ2 Gene

Publications for OAZ2 Gene

  1. Structure of human ornithine decarboxylase antizyme 2 gene. (PMID: 10352227) Zhou J. … Gesteland R.F. (Gene 1999) 2 3 4 23
  2. A second mammalian antizyme: conservation of programmed ribosomal frameshifting. (PMID: 9782076) Ivanov I.P. … Atkins J.F. (Genomics 1998) 2 3 4
  3. Human ornithine decarboxylase paralogue (ODCp) is an antizyme inhibitor but not an arginine decarboxylase. (PMID: 17900240) Kanerva K. … Andersson L.C. (Biochem. J. 2008) 3 4
  4. Subcellular localization and phosphorylation of antizyme 2. (PMID: 19725046) Murai N. … Matsufuji S. (J. Cell. Biochem. 2009) 3 23
  5. The polyamine metabolism genes ornithine decarboxylase and antizyme 2 predict aggressive behavior in neuroblastomas with and without MYCN amplification. (PMID: 19960435) Geerts D. … Bachmann A.S. (Int. J. Cancer 2010) 3 23

Products for OAZ2 Gene

Sources for OAZ2 Gene

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