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Aliases for NTN4 Gene

Aliases for NTN4 Gene

  • Netrin 4 2 3 5
  • Beta-Netrin 2 3 4
  • Hepar-Derived Netrin-Like Protein 3 4
  • Netrin-4 2 3
  • PRO3091 3

External Ids for NTN4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NTN4 Gene

  • GC12M095483
  • GC12M096415
  • GC12M095984
  • GC12M094554
  • GC12M093118

Summaries for NTN4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NTN4 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the netrin family of proteins, which function in various biological processes including axon guidance, tumorogenesis, and angiogenesis. Netrins are laminin-related proteins that have an N-terminal laminin-type domain, epidermal growth factor-like repeat domain, and a positively charged heparin-binding domain at the C-terminus. The protein encoded by this gene is involved in processes including neurite growth and migration, angiogenesis and mural cell adhesion to endothelial cells. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]

GeneCards Summary for NTN4 Gene

NTN4 (Netrin 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Non-integrin membrane-ECM interactions and Developmental Biology. GO annotations related to this gene include laminin-1 binding. An important paralog of this gene is LAMB1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NTN4 Gene

  • May play an important role in neural, kidney and vascular development. Promotes neurite elongation from olfactory bulb explants.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NTN4 Gene

Genomics for NTN4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for NTN4 Gene

Enhancers for NTN4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12F095693 0.4 ENCODE 15.7 +96.8 96848 1.7 NTN4 RNU6-247P GC12M095719 ENSG00000212448
GH12F095632 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 12.2 +153.5 153496 10.6 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 FEZF1 ZNF2 YY1 ENSG00000258313 ENSG00000258272 PGAM1P5 ELK3 NTN4 LTA4H ENSG00000212448 GC12M095719
GH12F095858 0.8 ENCODE 12 -68.2 -68234 2.2 HDGF CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF207 FOS LOC105369921 PGAM1P5 NTN4 CCDC38 AMDHD1 SNRPF PIR48032
GH12F095761 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 11.9 +26.7 26681 5.6 PKNOX1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF48 FOS MXD4 PPARG KAT8 RNU6-247P NTN4 LOC105369921 SNRPF LOC102723340 GC12M095785 LOC105369919
GH12F096033 0.6 ENCODE 11.9 -244.1 -244087 2.9 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT CREB3L1 WRNIP1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 NEDD1 ELK3 HAL PGAM1P5 LOC102723340 ENSG00000258272 ENSG00000258313 ENSG00000202368 ENSG00000257470 NTN4
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around NTN4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for NTN4 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for NTN4 Gene

95,657,807 bp from pter
95,791,152 bp from pter
133,346 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NTN4 Gene

Genes around NTN4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NTN4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NTN4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NTN4 Gene

Proteins for NTN4 Gene

  • Protein details for NTN4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RNC2
    • Q658K9
    • Q7L3F1
    • Q7L9D6
    • Q7Z5B6
    • Q9BZP1
    • Q9NT44
    • Q9P133

    Protein attributes for NTN4 Gene

    628 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    70071 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • May form a homodimer.

    Alternative splice isoforms for NTN4 Gene


neXtProt entry for NTN4 Gene

Post-translational modifications for NTN4 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 56, Asn 163, Asn 353, and Asn 483
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NTN4 Gene

Domains & Families for NTN4 Gene

Gene Families for NTN4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NTN4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 3 laminin EGF-like domains.
  • Contains 3 laminin EGF-like domains.
  • Contains 1 laminin N-terminal domain.
  • Contains 1 NTR domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NTN4: view

Function for NTN4 Gene

Molecular function for NTN4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May play an important role in neural, kidney and vascular development. Promotes neurite elongation from olfactory bulb explants.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NTN4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21516116
GO:0043237 laminin-1 binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NTN4: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NTN4: view

Animal Models for NTN4 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NTN4:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for NTN4

miRNA for NTN4 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NTN4

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NTN4 Gene

Localization for NTN4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NTN4 Gene

Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix, basement membrane. Note=Major component.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for NTN4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NTN4 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 4

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NTN4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005578 proteinaceous extracellular matrix IEA --
GO:0005604 basement membrane IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NTN4: view

Pathways & Interactions for NTN4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NTN4: view

Pathways by source for NTN4 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for NTN4 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NTN4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007411 axon guidance TAS --
GO:0016322 neuron remodeling IEA --
GO:0060668 regulation of branching involved in salivary gland morphogenesis by extracellular matrix-epithelial cell signaling IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NTN4: view

Transcripts for NTN4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NTN4 Gene

Netrin 4:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NTN4 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b
SP1: -
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for NTN4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NTN4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for NTN4 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NTN4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Spleen (x5.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for NTN4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (26.6), Testis (9.8), Gallbladder (8.9), and Islet of Langerhans (6.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for NTN4 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of NTN4 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NTN4 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NTN4 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in kidney, spleen, mammary gland, aorta, heart, ovary, prostate and fetal spleen.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NTN4: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for NTN4 Gene

Orthologs for NTN4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for NTN4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NTN4 34 35
  • 99.49 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NTN4 34 35
  • 91.4 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NTN4 34 35
  • 90.32 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ntn4 34
  • 85.7 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ntn4 34 16 35
  • 85.33 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NTN4 35
  • 79 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NTN4 35
  • 78 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NTN4 34 35
  • 72.39 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NTN4 35
  • 74 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.32478 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ntn4 34 35
  • 59.12 (n)
Species where no ortholog for NTN4 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NTN4 Gene

Gene Tree for NTN4 (if available)
Gene Tree for NTN4 (if available)

Paralogs for NTN4 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for NTN4 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NTN4: view

Variants for NTN4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NTN4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs193920922 Uncertain significance 95,737,907(-) CTGTT(C/T)ATGGC reference, missense
rs10444523 -- 95,738,322(+) GGAGC(A/G)GATGT intron-variant
rs10444524 -- 95,739,609(+) CACTG(A/G)CATTT intron-variant
rs10507057 -- 95,704,679(+) GTTGG(A/G)ATCTA intron-variant
rs10507058 -- 95,704,971(+) TCCTA(C/T)TTGGT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NTN4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3549615 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3580380 CNV loss 25503493
esv3630436 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1052350 CNV gain 25217958
nsv455692 CNV gain 19166990
nsv526022 CNV loss 19592680
nsv559831 CNV gain 21841781
nsv7234 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv833 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv975524 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for NTN4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 41.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.39; 63.60% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for NTN4 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NTN4 Gene

Disorders for NTN4 Gene

Relevant External Links for NTN4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for NTN4 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for NTN4 Gene

Publications for NTN4 Gene

  1. A novel member of the netrin family, beta-netrin, shares homology with the beta chain of laminin. Identification, expression, and functional characterization. (PMID: 11038171) Koch M. … Burgeson R.E. (J. Cell Biol. 2000) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Netrin-4 regulates angiogenic responses and tumor cell growth. (PMID: 19094984) Nacht M. … Jiang Y. (Exp. Cell Res. 2009) 3 22 64
  3. Netrin-4 inhibits angiogenesis via binding to neogenin and recruitment of Unc5B. (PMID: 18719102) Lejmi E. … PlouAt J. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2008) 3 22 64
  4. Characterization of the receptors for axon guidance factor netrin-4 and identification of the binding domains. (PMID: 17174565) Qin S. … Zhang C. (Mol. Cell. Neurosci. 2007) 3 22 64
  5. Identification of NTN4, TRA1, and STC2 as prognostic markers in breast cancer in a screen for signal sequence encoding proteins. (PMID: 17545519) Esseghir S. … Isacke C.M. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2007) 3 22 64

Products for NTN4 Gene

Sources for NTN4 Gene

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