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Aliases for NRG2 Gene

Aliases for NRG2 Gene

  • Neuregulin 2 2 3 5
  • Neural- And Thymus-Derived Activator For ErbB Kinases 2 3
  • Divergent Of Neuregulin-1 2 3
  • Pro-NRG2 3 4
  • NTAK 3 4
  • DON1 3
  • HRG2 3

External Ids for NRG2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NRG2 Gene

  • GC05M139049
  • GC05M139210
  • GC05M139255
  • GC05M139207
  • GC05M134369

Summaries for NRG2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NRG2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a novel member of the neuregulin family of growth and differentiation factors. Through interaction with the ERBB family of receptors, this protein induces the growth and differentiation of epithelial, neuronal, glial, and other types of cells. The gene consists of 12 exons and the genomic structure is similar to that of neuregulin 1, another member of the neuregulin family of ligands. The products of these genes mediate distinct biological processes by acting at different sites in tissues and eliciting different biological responses in cells. This gene is located close to the region for demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease locus, but is not responsible for this disease. Alternative transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GeneCards Summary for NRG2 Gene

NRG2 (Neuregulin 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NRG2 include charcot-marie-tooth disease. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Immune System. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and growth factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is NRG1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NRG2 Gene

  • Direct ligand for ERBB3 and ERBB4 tyrosine kinase receptors. Concomitantly recruits ERBB1 and ERBB2 coreceptors, resulting in ligand-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the ERBB receptors. May also promote the heterodimerization with the EGF receptor.

Gene Wiki entry for NRG2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NRG2 Gene

Genomics for NRG2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for NRG2 Gene

Promoters for NRG2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around NRG2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for NRG2 Gene

Chromosome:
5
Start:
139,846,779 bp from pter
End:
140,043,437 bp from pter
Size:
196,659 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for NRG2 Gene

Genes around NRG2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NRG2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NRG2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NRG2 Gene

Proteins for NRG2 Gene

  • Protein details for NRG2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O14511-NRG2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Pro-neuregulin-2, membrane-bound isoform
    Protein Accession:
    O14511

    Protein attributes for NRG2 Gene

    Size:
    850 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    91679 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ERBB3 and ERBB4.

    Alternative splice isoforms for NRG2 Gene

neXtProt entry for NRG2 Gene

Proteomics data for NRG2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for NRG2 Gene

  • Extensive glycosylation precedes the proteolytic cleavage.
  • Proteolytic cleavage close to the plasma membrane on the external face leads to the release of the soluble growth factor form.
  • Glycosylation at Asn 52, Asn 53, Asn 147, Asn 278, Thr 333, and Asn 346
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NRG2 Gene

Domains & Families for NRG2 Gene

Gene Families for NRG2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NRG2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O14511

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

NRG2_HUMAN :
  • The cytoplasmic domain may be involved in the regulation of trafficking and proteolytic processing. Regulation of the proteolytic processing involves initial intracellular domain dimerization (By similarity).
  • Belongs to the neuregulin family.
Domain:
  • The cytoplasmic domain may be involved in the regulation of trafficking and proteolytic processing. Regulation of the proteolytic processing involves initial intracellular domain dimerization (By similarity).
  • ERBB receptor binding is elicited entirely by the EGF-like domain.
  • Contains 1 EGF-like domain.
  • Contains 1 Ig-like C2-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the neuregulin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NRG2: view

Function for NRG2 Gene

Molecular function for NRG2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
neuregulin 2 multipotent epidermal growth factor-like factor with several splice variants,expressed in adult brain and developing heart,binding ERBB3 and ERBB4,involved in growth and differentiation of epithelial,neuronal,glial and other cell types
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Direct ligand for ERBB3 and ERBB4 tyrosine kinase receptors. Concomitantly recruits ERBB1 and ERBB2 coreceptors, resulting in ligand-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the ERBB receptors. May also promote the heterodimerization with the EGF receptor.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NRG2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004713 protein tyrosine kinase activity TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NRG2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NRG2: view

Animal Models for NRG2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NRG2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for NRG2

Inhibitory RNA Products

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NRG2 Gene

Localization for NRG2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NRG2 Gene

Pro-neuregulin-2, membrane-bound isoform: Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Does not seem to be active. {ECO:0000250}.
Neuregulin-2: Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for NRG2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NRG2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 4
nucleus 3
cytosol 2
peroxisome 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NRG2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for NRG2 Gene

SuperPathways for NRG2 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling
2 Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts
3 PI3K events in ERBB4 signaling
4 Signaling by ERBB2
5 GPCR Pathway
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NRG2: view

Pathways by source for NRG2 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for NRG2 Gene

Activates:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NRG2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000165 MAPK cascade TAS --
GO:0000186 activation of MAPKK activity TAS --
GO:0007173 epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0008286 insulin receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0008543 fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NRG2: view

Drugs & Compounds for NRG2 Gene

(2) Drugs for NRG2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NRG2: view

Transcripts for NRG2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NRG2 Gene

Neuregulin 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NRG2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NRG2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
NRG2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
NRG2

Expression for NRG2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NRG2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NRG2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellum (x4.5) and Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (x4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for NRG2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (40.3) and Liver, secretome (23.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for NRG2 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NRG2 Gene Hs.408515

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NRG2 Gene

O14511-NRG2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Restricted to the cerebellum in the adult.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NRG2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for NRG2 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for NRG2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for NRG2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NRG2 35
  • 98.48 (n)
  • 97.66 (a)
NRG2 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NRG2 36
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
NRG2 35
  • 90.41 (n)
  • 94.99 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NRG2 35
  • 90.79 (n)
  • 94.42 (a)
NRG2 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nrg2 16
Nrg2 35
  • 91.01 (n)
  • 96.43 (a)
Nrg2 36
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NRG2 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NRG2 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nrg2 35
  • 90.94 (n)
  • 96.68 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NRG2 35
  • 73.48 (n)
  • 75.51 (a)
NRG2 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NRG2 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii nrg2a 36
  • 55 (a)
OneToMany
nrg2b 36
  • 54 (a)
OneToMany
nrg2a 35
  • 66.83 (n)
  • 63.61 (a)
Species with no ortholog for NRG2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NRG2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for NRG2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for NRG2 (if available)

Paralogs for NRG2 Gene

Paralogs for NRG2 Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for NRG2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NRG2: view

Variants for NRG2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NRG2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs155345 -- 140,017,665(+) gagtc(A/G)gagat intron-variant
rs155346 -- 140,010,792(+) AGTTA(C/T)AGCCA intron-variant
rs155347 -- 139,974,602(+) TTACC(A/T)ATAGT intron-variant
rs155348 -- 139,985,631(+) TCCAC(A/G)TATCC intron-variant
rs197197 -- 139,969,330(+) TTATC(A/G/T)GGAAG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NRG2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv471051 CNV Gain 18288195
nsv830506 CNV Loss 17160897
esv1004341 CNV Deletion 20482838
esv2674763 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv272607 CNV Insertion 20981092
esv267857 CNV Insertion 20981092
nsv526406 CNV Gain 19592680
esv2667289 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv26674 CNV Loss 19812545

Variation tolerance for NRG2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 23.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.01; 60.23% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for NRG2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
NRG2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NRG2 Gene

Disorders for NRG2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for NRG2 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
charcot-marie-tooth disease
  • charcot marie tooth muscular atrophy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search NRG2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for NRG2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
NRG2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
NRG2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
NRG2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NRG2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for NRG2 Gene

Publications for NRG2 Gene

  1. The human neuregulin 2 (NRG2) gene: cloning, mapping and evaluation as a candidate for the autosomal recessive form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease linked to 5q. (PMID: 10369162) Ring H.Z. … Francke U. (Hum. Genet. 1999) 3 4 23 67
  2. Neuregulin-2, a new ligand of ErbB3/ErbB4-receptor tyrosine kinases. (PMID: 9168115) Carraway K.L. III … Lai C. (Nature 1997) 2 3 23
  3. ErbB/HER ligands in human breast cancer, and relationships with their receptors, the bio-pathological features and prognosis. (PMID: 17962208) RAcvillion F. … Peyrat J.P. (Ann. Oncol. 2008) 3 23
  4. Fine mapping of new glaucoma locus GLC1M and exclusion of neuregulin 2 as the causative gene. (PMID: 17563728) Fan B.J. … Pang C.P. (Mol. Vis. 2007) 3 23
  5. Stimulation of acetylcholine receptor transcription by neuregulin-2 requires an N-box response element and is regulated by alternative splicing. (PMID: 15961242) Ponomareva O.N. … Rimer M. (Neuroscience 2005) 3 23

Products for NRG2 Gene

Sources for NRG2 Gene

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