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Aliases for NR1H2 Gene

Aliases for NR1H2 Gene

  • Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group H, Member 2 2 3
  • Ubiquitously-Expressed Nuclear Receptor 2 3 4
  • UNR 3 4 6
  • Nuclear Receptor NER 3 4
  • LXRB 3 4
  • NER 3 4
  • Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1 Group H Member 2 4
  • Steroid Hormone-Nuclear Receptor NER 3
  • Nuclear Orphan Receptor LXR-Beta 3
  • Liver X Nuclear Receptor Beta 3
  • Oxysterols Receptor LXR-Beta 3
  • Liver X Receptor-Beta 2
  • Liver X Receptor Beta 4
  • LX Receptor Beta 3
  • LXR-B 3
  • NER-I 3
  • RIP15 3

External Ids for NR1H2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for NR1H2 Gene

  • UNR

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NR1H2 Gene

  • GC19P051508
  • GC19P051241
  • GC19P055508
  • GC19P055571
  • GC19P050879
  • GC19P047217

Summaries for NR1H2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NR1H2 Gene

  • The liver X receptors, LXRA (NR1H3; MIM 602423) and LXRB, form a subfamily of the nuclear receptor superfamily and are key regulators of macrophage function, controlling transcriptional programs involved in lipid homeostasis and inflammation. The inducible LXRA is highly expressed in liver, adrenal gland, intestine, adipose tissue, macrophages, lung, and kidney, whereas LXRB is ubiquitously expressed. Ligand-activated LXRs form obligate heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs; see MIM 180245) and regulate expression of target genes containing LXR response elements (summary by Korf et al., 2009 [PubMed 19436111]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2010]

GeneCards Summary for NR1H2 Gene

NR1H2 (Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group H, Member 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NR1H2 include thyroid hormone resistance and complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. Among its related pathways are Regulation of Cholesterol Biosynthesis by SREBP (SREBF) and Gene Expression. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and ligand-activated sequence-specific DNA binding RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is NR1I2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NR1H2 Gene

  • Nuclear receptor. Binds preferentially to double-stranded oligonucleotide direct repeats having the consensus half-site sequence 5-AGGTCA-3 and 4-nt spacing (DR-4). Regulates cholesterol uptake through MYLIP-dependent ubiquitination of LDLR, VLDLR and LRP8; DLDLR and LRP8. Interplays functionally with RORA for the regulation of genes involved in liver metabolism (By similarity).

Tocris Summary for NR1H2 Gene

  • Liver X receptors (LXRs) and farnesoid X receptors (FXRs) are members of the steroid analog-activated nuclear receptor subfamily, which form heterodimers with members of the retinoid X receptor family. There are two closely related isoforms of each of these enzymes; LXRalpha and LXRbeta, and FXRalpha and FXRbeta (pseudogene in man). LXRalpha and FXRalpha expression is restricted to the liver, small intestine, kidney and adrenal gland, whilst LXRbeta and FXRbeta are ubiquitously expressed. Despite acting on some of the same target genes, including cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) and SREBP-1c, LXRs and FXRs have different physiological roles. LXRs are involved in cholesterol homeostasis, inhibition of proinflammatory gene expression in atherosclerosis and activation of innate immunity, whilst FXRs have a vital function in bile acid homeostasis.

Gene Wiki entry for NR1H2 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NR1H2 Gene

Genomics for NR1H2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for NR1H2 Gene

Genomic Location for NR1H2 Gene

Start:
50,329,653 bp from pter
End:
50,383,028 bp from pter
Size:
53,376 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for NR1H2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for NR1H2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NR1H2 Gene

Proteins for NR1H2 Gene

  • Protein details for NR1H2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P55055-NR1H2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Oxysterols receptor LXR-beta
    Protein Accession:
    P55055
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K490
    • B4DNM6
    • E7EWA6
    • Q12970
    • Q5I0Y1

    Protein attributes for NR1H2 Gene

    Size:
    460 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50974 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Forms a heterodimer with RXR.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for NR1H2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for NR1H2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for NR1H2 Gene

Proteomics data for NR1H2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for NR1H2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NR1H2 Gene

Domains for NR1H2 Gene

Gene Families for NR1H2 Gene

HGNC:
  • NR :Nuclear hormone receptors
IUPHAR :

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P55055

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

NR1H2_HUMAN :
  • P55055
Domain:
  • Contains 1 nuclear receptor DNA-binding domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. NR1 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NR1H2: view

Function for NR1H2 Gene

Molecular function for NR1H2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: nuclear receptor subfamily 1,group H,member2,modulating gene activation by retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptors
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Nuclear receptor. Binds preferentially to double-stranded oligonucleotide direct repeats having the consensus half-site sequence 5-AGGTCA-3 and 4-nt spacing (DR-4). Regulates cholesterol uptake through MYLIP-dependent ubiquitination of LDLR, VLDLR and LRP8; DLDLR and LRP8. Interplays functionally with RORA for the regulation of genes involved in liver metabolism (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NR1H2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000978 RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding IDA 9013544
GO:0001077 RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity involved in positive regulation of transcription IDA 9013544
GO:0001133 sequence-specific transcription regulatory region DNA binding RNA polymerase II transcription factor recruiting transcription factor activity IEA --
GO:0003677 DNA binding TAS 7926814
GO:0003700 sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NR1H2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NR1H2: view

Animal Models for NR1H2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NR1H2:

miRNA for NR1H2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NR1H2
Targeting motifs for NR1H2 Gene
HOMER Transcription Factor Regulatory Elements motif NR1H2
  • Consensus sequence: GGGTTACTANAGGTCA Submotif: DR4 Cell Type: RAW GeoId: GSE21512

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) and Transcription Factor Targeting for NR1H2 Gene

Localization for NR1H2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NR1H2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for NR1H2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NR1H2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NR1H2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 12393874
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NR1H2: view

Pathways for NR1H2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NR1H2: view

Pathways by source for NR1H2 Gene

2 BioSystems pathways for NR1H2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NR1H2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter --
GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NR1H2: view

Compounds for NR1H2 Gene

(3) Tocris Compounds for NR1H2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Fexaramine Potent, selective farnesoid X receptor (FXR) agonist [574013-66-4]
GW 3965 hydrochloride Orally active liver X receptor (LXR) agonist [405911-17-3]
T 0901317 Potent liver X receptor (LXR) agonist; also CAR inverse agonist [293754-55-9]

(8) IUPHAR Ligand for NR1H2 Gene

Ligand Type Action Affinity Pubmed IDs
acetyl-podocarpic dimer Agonist Agonist 9
L-783483 Agonist Agonist 8.2
GW3965 Agonist Agonist 7.52
T0901317 Agonist Agonist 7.3
27-hydroxycholesterol Agonist Agonist 7.15
24(S), 25-epoxycholesterol Agonist Agonist 5.52
22R-hydroxycholesterol Agonist Agonist 5.52
24(S)-hydroxycholesterol Agonist Agonist 5.5

(121) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for NR1H2 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
androstane 90.8 54
retinoic acid 89.7 124
retinoid 88.3 107
steroid 84.1 130
estrogen 81.2 103
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NR1H2: view

Transcripts for NR1H2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NR1H2 Gene

Nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group H, member 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NR1H2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d · 7e ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^
SP1: - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - -
SP5: - - -
SP6: - - -
SP7: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP8: - - - -
SP9: - - -
SP10: - - - -
SP11: -

ExUns: 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:

Relevant External Links for NR1H2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
NR1H2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
NR1H2

Expression for NR1H2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NR1H2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for NR1H2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NR1H2 Gene Hs.432976

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NR1H2 Gene

P55055-NR1H2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with NR1H2: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for NR1H2 Gene

Orthologs for NR1H2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for NR1H2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NR1H2 35
  • 98.63 (n)
  • 99.45 (a)
NR1H2 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NR1H2 35
  • 83.84 (n)
  • 86.31 (a)
NR1H2 36
  • 80 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NR1H2 35
  • 87.03 (n)
  • 92.75 (a)
NR1H2 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nr1h2 35
  • 84.65 (n)
  • 90.29 (a)
Nr1h2 16
Nr1h2 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 31 (a)
ManyToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nr1h2 35
  • 84.57 (n)
  • 90.52 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NR1H2 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia nr1h2 35
  • 71.05 (n)
  • 79.32 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii nr1h5 36
  • 24 (a)
ManyToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012211 35
  • 67.42 (n)
  • 61.8 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta EcR 35
  • 55.36 (n)
  • 45.91 (a)
EcR 36
  • 18 (a)
OneToMany
EcR 37
  • 38 (a)
Species with no ortholog for NR1H2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NR1H2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for NR1H2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for NR1H2 (if available)

Paralogs for NR1H2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NR1H2: view

Variants for NR1H2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NR1H2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1052530 -- 50,378,184(+) GCAAG(A/C)GAAAG intron-variant, synonymous-codon, reference
rs1052533 -- 50,378,565(+) AAACA(A/G)NNNCA reference, frameshift-variant
rs1274505 -- 50,375,375(-) ctttg(G/T)gaggc upstream-variant-2KB
rs1274506 -- 50,375,344(-) aggtc(A/G)ggagt upstream-variant-2KB
rs1274507 -- 50,375,332(-) tgaga(C/T)cagcc upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NR1H2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv3976n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv912281 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv912282 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for NR1H2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
NR1H2
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
NR1H2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NR1H2 Gene

Disorders for NR1H2 Gene

(94) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for NR1H2 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
leukemia promyelocytic acute 63.1 8
thyroid hormone resistance 56.6 2
breast cancer 54.4 63
atherosclerosis 53.8 22
insulin sensitivity 51.6 19

Relevant External Links for NR1H2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
NR1H2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
NR1H2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NR1H2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NR1H2 Gene

Publications for NR1H2 Gene

  1. The three-dimensional structure of the liver X receptor beta reveals a flexible ligand-binding pocket that can accommodate fundamentally different ligands. (PMID: 12819202) Farnegardh M. … Carlquist M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003) 3 4 23
  2. No association of genetic variants of liver X receptor-beta with Alzheimer's disease risk. (PMID: 18081155) RodrA-guez-RodrA-guez E. … Combarros O. (Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 2008) 3 23 48
  3. Gene-gene interaction between heme oxygenase-1 and liver X receptor-beta and Alzheimer's disease risk. (PMID: 18597895) Infante J. … Combarros O. (Neurobiol. Aging 2010) 3 23 48
  4. Functional and genetic analysis in type 2 diabetes of liver X receptor alleles--a cohort study. (PMID: 19292929) Dahlman I. … Steffensen K.R. (BMC Med. Genet. 2009) 3 23 48
  5. Liver X receptor in cholesterol metabolism. (PMID: 19837721) Zhao C. … Dahlman-Wright K. (J. Endocrinol. 2010) 3 23

Products for NR1H2 Gene

Sources for NR1H2 Gene

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