Aliases for NPY1R Gene
External Ids for NPY1R Gene
Previous Symbols for NPY1R Gene
This gene belongs to the G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily. The encoded transmembrane protein mediates the function of neuropeptide Y (NPY), a neurotransmitter, and peptide YY (PYY), a gastrointestinal hormone. The encoded receptor undergoes fast agonist-induced internalization through clathrin-coated pits and is subsequently recycled back to the cell membrane. Activation of Y1 receptors may result in mobilization of intracellular calcium and inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]
GeneCards Summary for NPY1R Gene
NPY1R (Neuropeptide Y Receptor Y1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NPY1R include angina pectoris and obesity. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include neuropeptide Y receptor activity and pancreatic polypeptide receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is NPFFR1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NPY1R Gene
Receptor for neuropeptide Y and peptide YY. The rank order of affinity of this receptor for pancreatic polypeptides is NPY > [Pro-34] PYY, PYY and [Leu-31, Pro-34] NPY > NPY (2-36) > [Ile-31, Gln-34] PP and PYY (3-36) > PP > NPY free acid
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors are a family of Gi/o-protein-coupled receptors that are currently divided into four subtypes: Y1, Y2, Y4 and Y5. NPY receptors mediate a diverse range of biological actions including stimulation of food intake, anxiolysis, modulation of circadian rhythm, pain transmission and control of pituitary hormone release. All four NPY receptor subtypes are found at high concentrations in the brain and colon and are also found in a wide variety of peripheral tissues at lower levels. The human genes encoding Y1, Y2 and Y5 receptors are located on chromosome 4q31.3-q32 and the human gene encoding Y4 is located on chromosome 10q11.2.