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Aliases for NPHS2 Gene

Aliases for NPHS2 Gene

  • NPHS2, Podocin 2 3
  • Nephrosis 2, Idiopathic, Steroid-Resistant (Podocin) 2 3
  • NPHS2 Podocin 5
  • Podocin 3
  • PDCN 3
  • SRN1 3

External Ids for NPHS2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NPHS2 Gene

  • GC01M177044
  • GC01M174948
  • GC01M176039
  • GC01M176759
  • GC01M176251
  • GC01M177786
  • GC01M150746

Summaries for NPHS2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NPHS2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that plays a role in the regulation of glomerular permeability. Mutations in this gene cause steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

GeneCards Summary for NPHS2 Gene

NPHS2 (NPHS2, Podocin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NPHS2 include Nephrotic Syndrome, Type 2 and Sporadic Idiopathic Steroid-Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome With Minimal Changes. Among its related pathways are Nephrin/Neph1 signaling in the kidney podocyte. An important paralog of this gene is STOM.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NPHS2 Gene

  • Plays a role in the regulation of glomerular permeability, acting probably as a linker between the plasma membrane and the cytoskeleton.

Gene Wiki entry for NPHS2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NPHS2 Gene

Genomics for NPHS2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for NPHS2 Gene

Genomic Location for NPHS2 Gene

179,550,539 bp from pter
179,575,976 bp from pter
25,438 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NPHS2 Gene

Genes around NPHS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NPHS2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NPHS2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NPHS2 Gene

Proteins for NPHS2 Gene

  • Protein details for NPHS2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B1AM32
    • B1AM33
    • Q8N6Q5

    Protein attributes for NPHS2 Gene

    383 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    42201 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with nephrin/NPHS1 and KIRREL. Interacts directly with CD2AP. Interacts with DDN (By similarity).

    Alternative splice isoforms for NPHS2 Gene


neXtProt entry for NPHS2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for NPHS2 Gene

Other Protein References for NPHS2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NPHS2 Gene

Domains & Families for NPHS2 Gene

Protein Domains for NPHS2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NPHS2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the band 7/mec-2 family.
  • Belongs to the band 7/mec-2 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NPHS2: view

No data available for Gene Families for NPHS2 Gene

Function for NPHS2 Gene

Molecular function for NPHS2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Plays a role in the regulation of glomerular permeability, acting probably as a linker between the plasma membrane and the cytoskeleton.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NPHS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 12424224
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NPHS2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NPHS2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for NPHS2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for NPHS2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NPHS2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for NPHS2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NPHS2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NPHS2 Gene

Localization for NPHS2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NPHS2 Gene

Isoform 1: Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein.
Isoform 2: Endoplasmic reticulum.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for NPHS2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NPHS2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 5
endoplasmic reticulum 3
cytoskeleton 2
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NPHS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0005911 cell-cell junction IDA 17675666
GO:0031235 intrinsic component of the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane IDA 11786407
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NPHS2: view

Pathways & Interactions for NPHS2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NPHS2: view

Pathways by source for NPHS2 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for NPHS2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NPHS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007588 excretion IEA --
GO:0031532 actin cytoskeleton reorganization IDA 17675666
GO:0072249 metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell development IEP 11786407
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NPHS2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for NPHS2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for NPHS2 Gene

(4) Drugs for NPHS2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(4) Additional Compounds for NPHS2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NPHS2: view

Transcripts for NPHS2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NPHS2 Gene

Nephrosis 2, idiopathic, steroid-resistant (podocin):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NPHS2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NPHS2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NPHS2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NPHS2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NPHS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Kidney - Cortex (x52.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for NPHS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Urine (64.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for NPHS2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for NPHS2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of NPHS2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NPHS2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NPHS2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Almost exclusively expressed in the podocytes of fetal and mature kidney glomeruli.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NPHS2: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for NPHS2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for NPHS2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NPHS2 34
  • 88.86 (n)
  • 89.82 (a)
NPHS2 35
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NPHS2 34
  • 88.25 (n)
  • 91.19 (a)
NPHS2 35
  • 91 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nphs2 34
  • 85.91 (n)
  • 88.12 (a)
Nphs2 16
Nphs2 35
  • 86 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NPHS2 34
  • 97.35 (n)
  • 97.52 (a)
NPHS2 35
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nphs2 34
  • 84.35 (n)
  • 85.91 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NPHS2 35
  • 72 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NPHS2 35
  • 73 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NPHS2 34
  • 66.39 (n)
  • 62.88 (a)
NPHS2 35
  • 62 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NPHS2 35
  • 58 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia nphs2 34
  • 62.02 (n)
  • 59.59 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii nphs2 34
  • 53.71 (n)
  • 46.48 (a)
nphs2 35
  • 40 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG42540 35
  • 27 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sto-1 36
  • 40 (a)
sto-3 36
  • 39 (a)
sto-2 35
  • 36 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 45 (a)
-- 35
  • 43 (a)
-- 35
  • 42 (a)
Species where no ortholog for NPHS2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for NPHS2 Gene

Gene Tree for NPHS2 (if available)
Gene Tree for NPHS2 (if available)

Paralogs for NPHS2 Gene

Paralogs for NPHS2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for NPHS2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NPHS2: view

Variants for NPHS2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NPHS2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs74315344 - 179,575,806(-) GACTC(C/T)GCACA reference, missense
rs74315345 Nephrotic syndrome 2 (NPHS2) 179,575,591(-) AGGAA(G/T)GTACG reference, missense
rs74315342 Nephrotic syndrome 2 (NPHS2) 179,561,327(-) ATTCC(A/G)ACTGG intron-variant, reference, missense
rs74315346 Nephrotic syndrome 2 (NPHS2) 179,559,734(-) CCTGG(A/G)TACCT reference, missense
rs74315347 Nephrotic syndrome 2 (NPHS2) 179,557,227(-) AGATC(A/G)TGACC intron-variant, reference, missense

Variation tolerance for NPHS2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 65% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.02; 60.38% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for NPHS2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NPHS2 Gene

Disorders for NPHS2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(26) MalaCards diseases for NPHS2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search NPHS2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Nephrotic syndrome 2 (NPHS2) [MIM:600995]: A form of nephrotic syndrome, a renal disease clinically characterized by severe proteinuria, resulting in complications such as hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia and edema. Kidney biopsies show non-specific histologic changes such as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and diffuse mesangial proliferation. The disorder is resistant to steroid treatment and progresses to end-stage renal failure in the first or second decades. Some patients show later onset of the disorder. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10742096, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15253708, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17899208, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20947785, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22565185, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22578956, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23242530, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23913389, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24072147, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24227627, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26420286}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for NPHS2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NPHS2: view

No data available for Genatlas for NPHS2 Gene

Publications for NPHS2 Gene

  1. NPHS2 (podicin) mutations in Turkish children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. (PMID: 17899208) Berdeli A. … Cakar N. (Pediatr. Nephrol. 2007) 3 4 22 46 65
  2. Identification of podocin (NPHS2) gene mutations in African Americans with nondiabetic end-stage renal disease. (PMID: 15954915) Dusel J.A. … Freedman B.I. (Kidney Int. 2005) 3 4 22 46 65
  3. NPHS2 mutations in sporadic steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome in Japanese children. (PMID: 12687458) Maruyama K. … Yoshikawa N. (Pediatr. Nephrol. 2003) 3 4 22 46 65
  4. NPHS2, encoding the glomerular protein podocin, is mutated in autosomal recessive steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. (PMID: 10742096) Boute N. … Antignac C. (Nat. Genet. 2000) 2 3 4 22 65
  5. Clinical and epidemiological assessment of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome associated with the NPHS2 R229Q variant. (PMID: 19145239) Machuca E. … Antignac C. (Kidney Int. 2009) 3 22 46 65

Products for NPHS2 Gene

Sources for NPHS2 Gene

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