Aliases for NOTCH2 Gene
External Ids for NOTCH2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NOTCH2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the Notch family. Members of this Type 1 transmembrane protein family share structural characteristics including an extracellular domain consisting of multiple epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) repeats, and an intracellular domain consisting of multiple, different domain types. Notch family members play a role in a variety of developmental processes by controlling cell fate decisions. The Notch signaling network is an evolutionarily conserved intercellular signaling pathway which regulates interactions between physically adjacent cells. In Drosophilia, notch interaction with its cell-bound ligands (delta, serrate) establishes an intercellular signaling pathway that plays a key role in development. Homologues of the notch-ligands have also been identified in human, but precise interactions between these ligands and the human notch homologues remain to be determined. This protein is cleaved in the trans-Golgi network, and presented on the cell surface as a heterodimer. This protein functions as a receptor for membrane bound ligands, and may play a role in vascular, renal and hepatic development. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]
GeneCards Summary for NOTCH2 Gene
NOTCH2 (Notch 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NOTCH2 include alagille syndrome 2 and hajdu-cheney syndrome. Among its related pathways are Dorso-ventral axis formation and MicroRNAs in cancer. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and transcription factor activity, ligand-activated RNA polymerase II transcription factor binding. An important paralog of this gene is JAG1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NOTCH2 Gene
Functions as a receptor for membrane-bound ligands Jagged1, Jagged2 and Delta1 to regulate cell-fate determination. Upon ligand activation through the released notch intracellular domain (NICD) it forms a transcriptional activator complex with RBPJ/RBPSUH and activates genes of the enhancer of split locus. Affects the implementation of differentiation, proliferation and apoptotic programs (By similarity). Involved in bone remodeling and homeostasis. In collaboration with RELA/p65 enhances NFATc1 promoter activity and positively regulates RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation. Positively regulates self-renewal of liver cancer cells (PubMed:25985737).