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Aliases for NMU Gene

Aliases for NMU Gene

  • Neuromedin U 2 3
  • Prepro-NMU 2 3
  • Neuromedin-U 3

External Ids for NMU Gene

Summaries for NMU Gene

GeneCards Summary for NMU Gene

NMU (Neuromedin U) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and neuromedin U receptor binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NMU Gene

  • Stimulates muscle contractions of specific regions of the gastrointestinal tract. In humans, NmU stimulates contractions of the ileum and urinary bladder

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NMU Gene

Genomics for NMU Gene

Genomic Location for NMU Gene

55,595,229 bp from pter
55,636,698 bp from pter
41,470 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NMU Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for NMU Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NMU Gene

Proteins for NMU Gene

  • Protein details for NMU Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:

    Protein attributes for NMU Gene

    174 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    19741 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for NMU Gene

Proteomics data for NMU Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for NMU Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Glycosylation at Ser109

Other Protein References for NMU Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NMU Gene

Domains for NMU Gene

Gene Families for NMU Gene


Protein Domains for NMU Gene


  • Belongs to the NmU family.:
    • P48645
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NMU: view

Function for NMU Gene

Molecular function for NMU Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: neuromedin U precursor containing potential proteolytic processing sites generating putative associated peptides,expressed in the gastrointestinal tract
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Stimulates muscle contractions of specific regions of the gastrointestinal tract. In humans, NmU stimulates contractions of the ileum and urinary bladder

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NMU Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005102 receptor binding TAS 10811630
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0042922 neuromedin U receptor binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NMU: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NMU: view

Animal Models for NMU Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NMU:

miRNA for NMU Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NMU

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for NMU Gene

Localization for NMU Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NMU Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for NMU Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NMU gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NMU Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0043195 terminal bouton IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NMU: view

Pathways for NMU Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NMU: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NMU Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001696 gastric acid secretion IEA --
GO:0006940 regulation of smooth muscle contraction TAS 7619205
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS 7619205
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS 10811630
GO:0007218 neuropeptide signaling pathway IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NMU: view

Compounds for NMU Gene

(4) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for NMU Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
acth 26 2
corticosterone 15.2 1
arginine 11.5 2
calcium 9.62 3
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NMU: view

Transcripts for NMU Gene

Unigene Clusters for NMU Gene

Neuromedin U:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NMU Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NMU Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NMU Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NMU Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NMU Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (22.6), Vagina (6.4), Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (5.9), and Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (5.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for NMU Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NMU Gene Hs.418367

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NMU Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed throughout the enteric nervous system with highest levels being found in the jejunum
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with NMU: view

Orthologs for NMU Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for NMU Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NMU 36
  • 99.62 (n)
  • 99.43 (a)
NMU 37
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NMU 36
  • 85.93 (n)
  • 78.61 (a)
NMU 37
  • 68 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NMU 36
  • 85.27 (n)
  • 81.16 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nmu 36
  • 79.84 (n)
  • 74.42 (a)
Nmu 16
Nmu 37
  • 71 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NMU 37
  • 40 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NMU 37
  • 61 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nmu 36
  • 78.88 (n)
  • 72.09 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NMU 36
  • 70.51 (n)
  • 63.03 (a)
NMU 37
  • 56 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NMU 37
  • 49 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia nmu 36
  • 66.37 (n)
  • 62.16 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii nmu 36
  • 56.39 (n)
  • 48.87 (a)
nmu 37
  • 40 (a)
Species with no ortholog for NMU:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NMU Gene

Gene Tree for NMU (if available)
Gene Tree for NMU (if available)

Paralogs for NMU Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for NMU Gene using alignment to 8 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NMU: view

No data available for Paralogs for NMU Gene

Variants for NMU Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NMU Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs726337 -- 55,599,106(+) ACTAT(A/T)ttatt intron-variant
rs726338 -- 55,599,117(+) tattt(A/G)tttgt intron-variant
rs1387198 -- 55,599,251(-) TCATC(A/G)ATCTG intron-variant
rs1488937 -- 55,635,367(+) CAGCA(A/T)GTCCC intron-variant
rs1552524 -- 55,610,707(+) ATGTA(C/T)ATAGT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NMU Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv10496 CNV Loss 18304495
esv2675934 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv2676033 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv509899 CNV Loss 20534489
esv2727637 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv879021 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2658731 CNV Deletion 23128226

Relevant External Links for NMU Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

Disorders for NMU Gene

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for NMU Gene

(4) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for NMU Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
obesity 30.1 8
cancer 1.09 7
inflammation 0 2
tumors 0 6

Relevant External Links for NMU

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NMU: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NMU Gene

Publications for NMU Gene

  1. Cloning and characterization of the cDNA encoding the human neuromedin U (NmU) precursor: NmU expression in the human gastrointestinal tract. (PMID: 7619205) Austin C. … Bloom S.R. (J. Mol. Endocrinol. 1995) 2 3 4 23
  2. Association between neuromedin U gene variants and overweight and obesity. (PMID: 16984985) HainerovA! I. … Pedersen O. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2006) 3 23 49
  3. The neuromedin U-growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1b/neurotensin receptor 1 oncogenic signaling pathway as a therapeutic target for lung cancer. (PMID: 17018595) Takahashi K. … Daigo Y. (Cancer Res. 2006) 3 23
  4. Neuromedin U is overexpressed in pancreatic cancer and increases invasiveness via the hepatocyte growth factor c-Met pathway. (PMID: 19118941) Ketterer K. … Friess H. (Cancer Lett. 2009) 3 23
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4

Products for NMU Gene

Sources for NMU Gene

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