Aliases for NLRP6 Gene
External Ids for NLRP6 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NLRP6 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NLRP6 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene binds arginine-vasopressin and may be involved in the arginine-vasopressin-mediated regulation of renal salt-water balance. The encoded protein also mediates inflammatory responses in the colon to allow recovery from intestinal epithelial damage and protects against tumorigenesis and the development of colitis. Finally, this protein can increase activation of NF-kappa-B, activation of CASP1 through interaction with ASC, and cAMP accumulation. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2013]
GeneCards Summary for NLRP6 Gene
NLRP6 (NLR Family Pyrin Domain Containing 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NLRP6 include Lateral Myocardial Infarction and Subclavian Steal Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Toll-like receptor signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include vasopressin receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is NLRP3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NLRP6 Gene
As the sensor component of the NLRP6 inflammasome, plays a crucial role in innate immunity and inflammation. In response to pathogens and other damage-associated signals, initiates the formation of the inflammasome polymeric complex, made of NLRP6, PYCARD and CASP1 (and possibly CASP4 and CASP5). Recruitment of proCASP1 to the inflammasome promotes its activation and CASP1-catalyzed IL1B and IL18 maturation and secretion in the extracellular milieu. The precise NLRP6 activation stimulus has not been identified yet (By similarity) (PubMed:12387869). Essential for gut mucosal self-renewal and proliferation. Maintains intestinal homeostasis and a healthy intestinal microbiota. This function is, at least partially, mediated by IL18, and not IL1B, produced by nonhematopoietic cells. Influences intestinal barrier function and microbial homeostasis through the regulation of goblet cell mucus secretion. Acts by promoting autophagy in goblet cells, an essential step for mucus granule exocytosis. Its role in goblet cell physiology is inflammasome-dependent, but IL1B- and IL18-independent. During systemic bacterial infections, may negatively regulate inflammatory signaling and inhibit the influx of monocytes and neutrophils to the circulation and to the peritoneum. May promote peripheral nerve recovery following injury via an inflammasome-independent mechanism (By similarity).