Aliases for NLRP4 Gene
External Ids for NLRP4 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NLRP4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NLRP4 Gene
NALPs are cytoplasmic proteins that form a subfamily within the larger CATERPILLER protein family. Most short NALPs, such as NALP4, have an N-terminal pyrin (MEFV; MIM 608107) domain (PYD), followed by a NACHT domain, a NACHT-associated domain (NAD), and a C-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) region. The long NALP, NALP1 (MIM 606636), also has a C-terminal extension containing a function to find domain (FIIND) and a caspase recruitment domain (CARD). NALPs are implicated in the activation of proinflammatory caspases (e.g., CASP1; MIM 147678) via their involvement in multiprotein complexes called inflammasomes (Tschopp et al., 2003 [PubMed 12563287]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NLRP4 Gene
NLRP4 (NLR Family, Pyrin Domain Containing 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Immune System and Cytosolic sensors of pathogen-associated DNA. An important paralog of this gene is NLRP7.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NLRP4 Gene
May be involved in inflammation and recognition of cytosolic pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) not intercepted by membrane-bound receptors. Acts as a negative regulator of the type I interferon signaling pathway by serving as an adapter to promote DTX4-mediated ubiquitination of activated TBK1, and its subsequent degradation. Suppresses NF-kappaB induction by the cytokines TNFA and IL1B, suggesting that it operates at a point of convergence in these two cytokine signaling pathways.