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Aliases for NKX1-2 Gene

Aliases for NKX1-2 Gene

  • NK1 Homeobox 2 2 3 5
  • Homeobox Protein SAX-1 3 4
  • C10orf121 3 4
  • NKX-1.1 3 4
  • NK1 Transcription Factor Related, Locus 2 (Drosophila) 2
  • NK1 Transcription Factor-Related Protein 2 3
  • NK1 Transcription Factor Related, Locus 2 3
  • Chromosome 10 Open Reading Frame 121 2
  • BB238F13.2 3
  • NKX1.1 4

External Ids for NKX1-2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for NKX1-2 Gene

  • C10orf121

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NKX1-2 Gene

  • GC10M126127
  • GC10M119820
  • GC10M126135

Summaries for NKX1-2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for NKX1-2 Gene

NKX1-2 (NK1 Homeobox 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NKX1-2 include Transposition Of The Great Arteries. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is NKX1-1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NKX1-2 Gene

  • May function in cell specification, particularly in the CNS.

Additional gene information for NKX1-2 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NKX1-2 Gene

Genomics for NKX1-2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for NKX1-2 Gene

Enhancers for NKX1-2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH10H124412 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 11.4 +32.5 32494 10.5 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 OAT NKX1-2 EEF1AKMT2 LOC105378536
GH10H124522 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 -73.3 -73317 1.4 KLF1 FOXA2 FOXA3 REST NR3C1 DPF2 NR2F2 FOXA1 ZNF341 GLIS1 FAM53B EEF1AKMT2 ABRAXAS2 NKX1-2 LHPP GC10P124510 GC10P124539 PIR39838
GH10H124529 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 -80.1 -80130 1.2 HDGF ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ETS1 GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 DEK SP3 ABRAXAS2 EEF1AKMT2 FAM53B NKX1-2 LHPP PIR39838 GC10P124539 GC10P124510
GH10H124427 0.9 ENCODE dbSUPER 13 +21.3 21279 3.1 BCOR ZNF362 NFIA HLF ZMYM3 OSR2 ZNF121 ZFHX2 GLIS1 ZNF600 NKX1-2 CHST15 FAM53B OAT OATP1
GH10H124524 1.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 -75.1 -75119 0.7 ZFHX2 PKNOX1 NR3C1 NR2F2 EGR2 EEF1AKMT2 FAM53B ABRAXAS2 NKX1-2 LHPP GC10P124539 PIR39838 GC10P124510
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around NKX1-2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for NKX1-2 Gene

Genomic Locations for NKX1-2 Gene
4,946 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NKX1-2 Gene

Genes around NKX1-2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NKX1-2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NKX1-2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NKX1-2 Gene

Proteins for NKX1-2 Gene

  • Protein details for NKX1-2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    NK1 transcription factor-related protein 2
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for NKX1-2 Gene

    310 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    32381 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for NKX1-2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for NKX1-2 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for NKX1-2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NKX1-2 Gene

Domains & Families for NKX1-2 Gene

Gene Families for NKX1-2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Transcription factors

Protein Domains for NKX1-2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NKX1-2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the NK-1 homeobox family.
  • Belongs to the NK-1 homeobox family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NKX1-2: view

Function for NKX1-2 Gene

Molecular function for NKX1-2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May function in cell specification, particularly in the CNS.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for NKX1-2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NKX1-2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0043565 sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NKX1-2: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for NKX1-2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NKX1-2

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NKX1-2 Gene

Localization for NKX1-2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NKX1-2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NKX1-2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NKX1-2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NKX1-2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for NKX1-2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for NKX1-2 Gene

SuperPathways for NKX1-2 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for NKX1-2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NKX1-2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NKX1-2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for NKX1-2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for NKX1-2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for NKX1-2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for NKX1-2 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Additional mRNA sequences :
(1) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for NKX1-2 Gene

NK1 homeobox 2:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NKX1-2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NKX1-2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NKX1-2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for NKX1-2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NKX1-2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (x6.7), Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x6.2), Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x5.4), and Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x4.2).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NKX1-2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for NKX1-2 Gene

  • Bone marrow(4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NKX1-2: view

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for NKX1-2 Gene

Orthologs for NKX1-2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for NKX1-2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NKX1-2 33
  • 98.82 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NKX1-2 33 34
  • 83.67 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NKX1-2 34 33
  • 80.43 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nkx1-2 33 16 34
  • 76.38 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nkx1-2 33
  • 75.61 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NKX1-2 34
  • 57 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NKX1-2 34
  • 51 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NKX1-2 33 34
  • 75.41 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NKX1-2 34
  • 51 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii nkx1.2la 34
  • 41 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta slou 34
  • 15 (a)
Species where no ortholog for NKX1-2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NKX1-2 Gene

Gene Tree for NKX1-2 (if available)
Gene Tree for NKX1-2 (if available)

Paralogs for NKX1-2 Gene

Paralogs for NKX1-2 Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for NKX1-2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NKX1-2: view

Variants for NKX1-2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NKX1-2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 10 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000207542 -- 124,451,787(+) TTGTT(C/T)TCTGT upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000344495 -- 124,450,551(+) CACGA(C/T)CTCTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs1001179202 -- 124,451,056(+) ATTCC(C/T)TCTCA upstream-variant-2KB
rs1001721853 -- 124,449,751(+) TCGGA(C/G)AGGGT reference, missense
rs1002106474 -- 124,448,117(+) GGGGG(C/G)ACGCC reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NKX1-2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv832012 CNV gain+loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for NKX1-2 Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 6.65; 78.36% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for NKX1-2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NKX1-2 Gene

Disorders for NKX1-2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for NKX1-2 Gene - From: GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
transposition of the great arteries
  • transposition of the great arteries, dextro-looped 1
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for NKX1-2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NKX1-2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for NKX1-2 Gene

Publications for NKX1-2 Gene

  1. The mouse Nkx-1.2 homeobox gene: alternative RNA splicing at canonical and noncanonical splice sites. (PMID: 10681422) Rovescalli AC … Nirenberg M (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2000) 2 3 60
  2. Genome-wide rare copy number variations contribute to genetic risk for transposition of the great arteries. (PMID: 26655555) Costain G … Bassett AS (International journal of cardiology 2016) 3 60
  3. Genome wide association study for plasma levels of natural anticoagulant inhibitors and protein C anticoagulant pathway: the MARTHA project. (PMID: 22443383) Oudot-Mellakh T … Morange PE (British journal of haematology 2012) 45 60
  4. Transcriptome characterization elucidates signaling networks that control human ES cell growth and differentiation. (PMID: 15146197) Brandenberger R … Stanton LW (Nature biotechnology 2004) 3 60
  5. The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 10. (PMID: 15164054) Deloukas P … Rogers J (Nature 2004) 4 60

Products for NKX1-2 Gene

Sources for NKX1-2 Gene

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