Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for NFU1 Gene

Aliases for NFU1 Gene

  • NFU1 Iron-Sulfur Cluster Scaffold 2 3
  • HIRA-Interacting Protein 5 3 4
  • HIRIP5 3 4
  • HIRIP 3 6
  • MMDS1 3 6
  • NFU1 Iron-Sulfur Cluster Scaffold Homolog (S. Cerevisiae) 2
  • NFU1 Iron-Sulfur Cluster Scaffold Homolog, Mitochondrial 3
  • NifU-Like C-Terminal Domain Containing 3
  • Iron-Sulfur Cluster Scaffold Protein 3
  • HIRA Interacting Protein 5 2
  • CGI-33 3
  • NIFUC 3
  • NifU 3
  • Nfu 3

External Ids for NFU1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for NFU1 Gene

  • HIRIP5

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NFU1 Gene

  • GC02M069477
  • GC02M069622

Summaries for NFU1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NFU1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that is localized to mitochondria and plays a critical role in iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis. The encoded protein assembles and transfers 4Fe-4S clusters to target apoproteins including succinate dehydrogenase and lipoic acid synthase. Mutations in this gene are a cause of multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome-1, and pseudogenes of this gene are located on the short arms of chromosomes 1 and 3. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

GeneCards Summary for NFU1 Gene

NFU1 (NFU1 Iron-Sulfur Cluster Scaffold) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NFU1 include multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome 1 and fatal multiple mitochondrial dysfunction syndrome type 1. GO annotations related to this gene include iron ion binding and 4 iron, 4 sulfur cluster binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NFU1 Gene

  • Iron-sulfur cluster scaffold protein which can assemble [4Fe-2S] clusters and deliver them to target proteins.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NFU1 Gene

Genomics for NFU1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for NFU1 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for NFU1 Gene

69,395,750 bp from pter
69,438,071 bp from pter
42,322 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NFU1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for NFU1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NFU1 Gene

Proteins for NFU1 Gene

  • Protein details for NFU1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    NFU1 iron-sulfur cluster scaffold homolog, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DUL9
    • Q53QE5
    • Q6VNZ8
    • Q7Z5B1
    • Q7Z5B2
    • Q9Y322

    Protein attributes for NFU1 Gene

    254 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    28463 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with HIRA and EPM2A/laforin.
    • Sequence=AAD27742.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=5, 16, 115, 117; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAY14828.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAG36716.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAB53015.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for NFU1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for NFU1 Gene


neXtProt entry for NFU1 Gene

Proteomics data for NFU1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for NFU1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NFU1 Gene

Domains for NFU1 Gene

Protein Domains for NFU1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NFU1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q9UMS0
  • Belongs to the NifU family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NFU1: view

No data available for Gene Families for NFU1 Gene

Function for NFU1 Gene

Molecular function for NFU1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Iron-sulfur cluster scaffold protein which can assemble [4Fe-2S] clusters and deliver them to target proteins.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NFU1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005506 iron ion binding IDA 12886008
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11342215
GO:0051536 iron-sulfur cluster binding --
GO:0051539 4 iron, 4 sulfur cluster binding IDA 12886008
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NFU1: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for NFU1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NFU1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for NFU1 Gene

Localization for NFU1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NFU1 Gene

Mitochondrion. Cytoplasm, cytosol.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for NFU1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NFU1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 4
chloroplast 2
peroxisome 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NFU1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 12886008
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA 12886008
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA 12886008
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NFU1: view

Pathways for NFU1 Gene

SuperPathways for NFU1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NFU1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016226 iron-sulfur cluster assembly IDA 12886008
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NFU1: view

No data available for Pathways by source for NFU1 Gene

Compounds for NFU1 Gene

(1) HMDB Compounds for NFU1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • Armco iron

(4) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for NFU1 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
iron-sulfur 85.1 11
sulfur 65 2
iron 38.1 3
cysteine 29.8 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NFU1: view

Transcripts for NFU1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NFU1 Gene

NFU1 iron-sulfur cluster scaffold homolog (S. cerevisiae):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for NFU1

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for NFU1

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NFU1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b · 9c
SP1: - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - -

Relevant External Links for NFU1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NFU1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NFU1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for NFU1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NFU1 Gene Hs.430439

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NFU1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous. Expression in adult lung is weak compared to fetal lung.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with NFU1: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for NFU1 Gene

Orthologs for NFU1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for NFU1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NFU1 35
  • 99.87 (n)
  • 99.61 (a)
NFU1 36
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NFU1 35
  • 92.75 (n)
  • 93.28 (a)
NFU1 36
  • 93 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NFU1 35
  • 94.08 (n)
  • 95.24 (a)
NFU1 36
  • 83 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nfu1 35
  • 86.58 (n)
  • 92.21 (a)
Nfu1 16
Nfu1 36
  • 87 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NFU1 36
  • 83 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NFU1 36
  • 79 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nfu1 35
  • 87.36 (n)
  • 91.81 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NFU1 35
  • 76.72 (n)
  • 81.03 (a)
NFU1 36
  • 78 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NFU1 36
  • 74 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.1467 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia nfu1 35
  • 77.2 (n)
  • 83.94 (a)
Str.662 35
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.2650 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.1042 35
nfu1 35
  • 71.05 (n)
  • 76.84 (a)
nfu1 36
  • 65 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000598 35
  • 58.53 (n)
  • 63.85 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG32500 36
  • 47 (a)
CG32857 36
  • 47 (a)
CG33502 35
  • 59.89 (n)
  • 66.31 (a)
CG33502 36
  • 47 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea lpd-8 35
  • 58.75 (n)
  • 56.93 (a)
lpd-8 36
  • 52 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ABR045W 35
  • 46.31 (n)
  • 44.86 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes NFU1 35
  • 50.51 (n)
  • 43.43 (a)
NFU1 36
  • 33 (a)
NFU1 38
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F25476g 35
  • 49.19 (n)
  • 43.78 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons NFU4 35
  • 60.38 (n)
  • 58.12 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.7818 35
Os05g0155300 35
  • 60.21 (n)
  • 60.73 (a)
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.1584 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU01779 35
  • 54.74 (n)
  • 55.79 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPBC1709.19c 35
  • 57.07 (n)
  • 49.49 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.10114 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 31 (a)
Species with no ortholog for NFU1:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for NFU1 Gene

Gene Tree for NFU1 (if available)
Gene Tree for NFU1 (if available)

Paralogs for NFU1 Gene Pseudogenes for NFU1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NFU1: view

No data available for Paralogs for NFU1 Gene

Variants for NFU1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NFU1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs4131555 -- 69,420,145(-) gcctg(C/T)aatcc intron-variant
rs4284873 -- 69,436,173(-) TGAGG(C/T)CATTG intron-variant
rs4328678 -- 69,415,440(-) ATCAC(A/G)CCACT intron-variant
rs4331553 -- 69,406,933(-) cagat(A/C/T)tcgtg intron-variant
rs4355161 -- 69,411,915(-) TTTAA(A/G)CAGGT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NFU1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv33940 CNV Loss 17666407
nsv834252 CNV Loss 17160897

Relevant External Links for NFU1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NFU1 Gene

Disorders for NFU1 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for NFU1 Gene (608100)


  • Multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome 1 (MMDS1) [MIM:605711]: A severe disorder of systemic energy metabolism, resulting in weakness, respiratory failure, lack of neurologic development, lactic acidosis, hyperglycinemia and early death. Some patients show failure to thrive, pulmonary hypertension, hypotonia and irritability. Biochemical features include severe combined deficiency of the 2-oxoacid dehydrogenases, defective lipoic acid synthesis and reduction in activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21944046, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22077971}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for NFU1 Gene

(1) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for NFU1 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
lafora disease 79.7 3

Relevant External Links for NFU1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NFU1: view

Publications for NFU1 Gene

  1. Subcellular compartmentalization of human Nfu, an iron-sulfur cluster scaffold protein, and its ability to assemble a [4Fe-4S] cluster. (PMID: 12886008) Tong W.-H. … Rouault T.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2003) 2 3 4 23
  2. Identification of human and mouse HIRA-interacting protein-5 (HIRIP5), two mammalian representatives in a family of phylogenetically conserved proteins with a role in the biogenesis of Fe/S proteins. (PMID: 11342215) Lorain S. … Lipinski M. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2001) 2 3 4 23
  3. The Lafora disease gene product laforin interacts with HIRIP5, a phylogenetically conserved protein containing a NifU-like domain. (PMID: 12915448) Ganesh S. … Yamakawa K. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2003) 3 4 23
  4. Identification of novel human genes evolutionarily conserved in Caenorhabditis elegans by comparative proteomics. (PMID: 10810093) Lai C.-H. … Lin W.-C. (Genome Res. 2000) 3 4
  5. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 48

Products for NFU1 Gene

Sources for NFU1 Gene

Back to Top