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Aliases for NFU1 Gene

Aliases for NFU1 Gene

  • NFU1 Iron-Sulfur Cluster Scaffold 2 3 5
  • HIRA-Interacting Protein 5 3 4
  • HIRIP5 3 4
  • NFU1 Iron-Sulfur Cluster Scaffold Homolog (S. Cerevisiae) 2
  • NifU-Like C-Terminal Domain Containing 3
  • Iron-Sulfur Cluster Scaffold Protein 3
  • HIRA Interacting Protein 5 2
  • CGI-33 3
  • HIRIP 3
  • MMDS1 3
  • NIFUC 3
  • NIFU 3
  • Nfu 3

External Ids for NFU1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for NFU1 Gene

  • HIRIP5

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NFU1 Gene

  • GC02M069477
  • GC02M069622

Summaries for NFU1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NFU1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that is localized to mitochondria and plays a critical role in iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis. The encoded protein assembles and transfers 4Fe-4S clusters to target apoproteins including succinate dehydrogenase and lipoic acid synthase. Mutations in this gene are a cause of multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome-1, and pseudogenes of this gene are located on the short arms of chromosomes 1 and 3. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

GeneCards Summary for NFU1 Gene

NFU1 (NFU1 Iron-Sulfur Cluster Scaffold) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NFU1 include multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome 1 and fatal multiple mitochondrial dysfunction syndrome type 1. GO annotations related to this gene include iron ion binding and iron-sulfur cluster binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NFU1 Gene

  • Iron-sulfur cluster scaffold protein which can assemble [4Fe-2S] clusters and deliver them to target proteins.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NFU1 Gene

Genomics for NFU1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for NFU1 Gene

Promoters for NFU1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around NFU1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for NFU1 Gene

69,395,750 bp from pter
69,437,628 bp from pter
41,879 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NFU1 Gene

Genes around NFU1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NFU1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NFU1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NFU1 Gene

Proteins for NFU1 Gene

  • Protein details for NFU1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    NFU1 iron-sulfur cluster scaffold homolog, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DUL9
    • Q53QE5
    • Q6VNZ8
    • Q7Z5B1
    • Q7Z5B2
    • Q9Y322

    Protein attributes for NFU1 Gene

    254 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    28463 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with HIRA and EPM2A/laforin.
    • Sequence=AAD27742.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=5, 16, 115, 117; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAY14828.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAG36716.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAB53015.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for NFU1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for NFU1 Gene


neXtProt entry for NFU1 Gene

Proteomics data for NFU1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for NFU1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NFU1 Gene

Domains & Families for NFU1 Gene

Protein Domains for NFU1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NFU1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the NifU family.
  • Belongs to the NifU family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NFU1: view

No data available for Gene Families for NFU1 Gene

Function for NFU1 Gene

Molecular function for NFU1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Iron-sulfur cluster scaffold protein which can assemble [4Fe-2S] clusters and deliver them to target proteins.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NFU1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11342215
GO:0051536 iron-sulfur cluster binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NFU1: view

Phenotypes for NFU1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NFU1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for NFU1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

miRNA for NFU1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NFU1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NFU1 Gene

Localization for NFU1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NFU1 Gene

Mitochondrion. Cytoplasm, cytosol.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for NFU1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NFU1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
chloroplast 2
peroxisome 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NFU1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NFU1: view

Pathways & Interactions for NFU1 Gene

SuperPathways for NFU1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NFU1 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for NFU1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for NFU1 Gene

(2) Drugs for NFU1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(3) Additional Compounds for NFU1 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Armco iron
  • Carbonyl iron
  • FE
  • Ferrovac e
  • Hematite
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NFU1: view

Transcripts for NFU1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NFU1 Gene

NFU1 iron-sulfur cluster scaffold homolog (S. cerevisiae):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NFU1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b · 9c
SP1: - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - -

Relevant External Links for NFU1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NFU1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NFU1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for NFU1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin (7.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for NFU1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NFU1 Gene Hs.430439

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NFU1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous. Expression in adult lung is weak compared to fetal lung.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NFU1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for NFU1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for NFU1 Gene

Orthologs for NFU1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for NFU1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NFU1 36
  • 100 (a)
NFU1 35
  • 99.87 (n)
  • 99.61 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NFU1 36
  • 93 (a)
NFU1 35
  • 92.75 (n)
  • 93.28 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NFU1 35
  • 94.08 (n)
  • 95.24 (a)
NFU1 36
  • 83 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nfu1 36
  • 87 (a)
Nfu1 35
  • 86.58 (n)
  • 92.21 (a)
Nfu1 16
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NFU1 36
  • 83 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NFU1 36
  • 79 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nfu1 35
  • 87.36 (n)
  • 91.81 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NFU1 35
  • 76.72 (n)
  • 81.03 (a)
NFU1 36
  • 78 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NFU1 36
  • 74 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.1467 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia nfu1 35
  • 77.2 (n)
  • 83.94 (a)
Str.662 35
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.2650 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.1042 35
nfu1 35
  • 71.05 (n)
  • 76.84 (a)
nfu1 36
  • 65 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000598 35
  • 58.53 (n)
  • 63.85 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG33502 35
  • 59.89 (n)
  • 66.31 (a)
CG32500 36
  • 47 (a)
CG32857 36
  • 47 (a)
CG33502 36
  • 47 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea lpd-8 36
  • 52 (a)
lpd-8 35
  • 58.75 (n)
  • 56.93 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ABR045W 35
  • 46.31 (n)
  • 44.86 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes NFU1 35
  • 50.51 (n)
  • 43.43 (a)
NFU1 36
  • 33 (a)
NFU1 38
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F25476g 35
  • 49.19 (n)
  • 43.78 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons NFU4 35
  • 60.38 (n)
  • 58.12 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.7818 35
Os05g0155300 35
  • 60.21 (n)
  • 60.73 (a)
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.1584 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU01779 35
  • 54.74 (n)
  • 55.79 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPBC1709.19c 35
  • 57.07 (n)
  • 49.49 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.10114 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 31 (a)
Species with no ortholog for NFU1:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for NFU1 Gene

Gene Tree for NFU1 (if available)
Gene Tree for NFU1 (if available)

Paralogs for NFU1 Gene Pseudogenes for NFU1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NFU1: view

No data available for Paralogs for NFU1 Gene

Variants for NFU1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NFU1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs4453725 - 69,431,994(-) TCATA(A/T)GTTGA nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
VAR_066639 Multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome 1 (MMDS1)
rs4131555 -- 69,420,145(-) gcctg(C/T)aatcc intron-variant
rs4507138 -- 69,401,526(-) TTAAC(C/T)TAAAT intron-variant
rs4328678 -- 69,415,440(-) ATCAC(A/G)CCACT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NFU1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv33940 CNV Loss 17666407
nsv834252 CNV Loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for NFU1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 53.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.42; 71.26% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for NFU1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NFU1 Gene

Disorders for NFU1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(10) MalaCards diseases for NFU1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search NFU1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome 1 (MMDS1) [MIM:605711]: A severe disorder of systemic energy metabolism, resulting in weakness, respiratory failure, lack of neurologic development, lactic acidosis, hyperglycinemia and early death. Some patients show failure to thrive, pulmonary hypertension, hypotonia and irritability. Biochemical features include severe combined deficiency of the 2-oxoacid dehydrogenases, defective lipoic acid synthesis and reduction in activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21944046, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22077971}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for NFU1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NFU1: view

No data available for Genatlas for NFU1 Gene

Publications for NFU1 Gene

  1. Subcellular compartmentalization of human Nfu, an iron-sulfur cluster scaffold protein, and its ability to assemble a [4Fe-4S] cluster. (PMID: 12886008) Tong W.-H. … Rouault T.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2003) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Identification of human and mouse HIRA-interacting protein-5 (HIRIP5), two mammalian representatives in a family of phylogenetically conserved proteins with a role in the biogenesis of Fe/S proteins. (PMID: 11342215) Lorain S. … Lipinski M. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2001) 2 3 23
  3. The Lafora disease gene product laforin interacts with HIRIP5, a phylogenetically conserved protein containing a NifU-like domain. (PMID: 12915448) Ganesh S. … Yamakawa K. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2003) 3 23
  4. New spastic paraplegia phenotype associated to mutation of NFU1. (PMID: 25758857) Tonduti D. … Boespflug-Tanguy O. (Orphanet J Rare Dis 2015) 3
  5. The functional landscape of Hsp27 reveals new cellular processes such as DNA repair and alternative splicing and proposes novel anticancer targets. (PMID: 25277244) Katsogiannou M. … Rocchi P. (Mol. Cell Proteomics 2014) 3

Products for NFU1 Gene

Sources for NFU1 Gene

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