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Aliases for NEIL3 Gene

Aliases for NEIL3 Gene

  • Nei Endonuclease VIII-Like 3 (E. Coli) 2 3
  • DNA Glycosylase/AP Lyase Neil3 3 4
  • Endonuclease VIII-Like 3 3 4
  • DNA Glycosylase FPG2 3 4
  • Nei-Like Protein 3 3 4
  • Zinc Finger, GRF-Type Containing 3 3
  • GRF-Type Containing 3 2
  • DNA Glycosylase HFPG2 3
  • Endonuclease 8-Like 3 3
  • EC 4.2.99.18 4
  • Zinc Finger 2
  • EC 3.2.2.- 4
  • ZGRF3 3
  • HFPG2 3
  • HNEI3 3
  • FGP2 3
  • FPG2 3
  • NEI3 3

External Ids for NEIL3 Gene

Summaries for NEIL3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NEIL3 Gene

  • NEIL3 belongs to a class of DNA glycosylases homologous to the bacterial Fpg/Nei family. These glycosylases initiate the first step in base excision repair by cleaving bases damaged by reactive oxygen species and introducing a DNA strand break via the associated lyase reaction (Bandaru et al., 2002 [PubMed 12509226]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

GeneCards Summary for NEIL3 Gene

NEIL3 (Nei Endonuclease VIII-Like 3 (E. Coli)) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Resolution of Abasic Sites (AP sites). GO annotations related to this gene include double-stranded DNA binding and damaged DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is NEIL2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NEIL3 Gene

  • DNA glycosylase which prefers single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), or partially ssDNA structures such as bubble and fork structures, to double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). In vitro, displays strong glycosylase activity towards the hydantoin lesions spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp) and guanidinohydantoin (Gh) in both ssDNA and dsDNA; also recognizes FapyA, FapyG, 5-OHU, 5-OHC, 5-OHMH, Tg and 8-oxoA lesions in ssDNA. No activity on 8-oxoG detected. Also shows weak DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase activity. In vivo, appears to be the primary enzyme involved in removing Sp and Gh from ssDNA in neonatal tissues. Seems to be an important facilitator of cell proliferation in certain populations, for example neural stem/progenitor cells and tumor cells, suggesting a role in replication-associated DNA repair.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NEIL3 Gene

Genomics for NEIL3 Gene

Genomic Location for NEIL3 Gene

Start:
177,309,836 bp from pter
End:
177,362,943 bp from pter
Size:
53,108 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for NEIL3 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for NEIL3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NEIL3 Gene

Proteins for NEIL3 Gene

  • Protein details for NEIL3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q8TAT5-NEIL3_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Endonuclease 8-like 3
    Protein Accession:
    Q8TAT5
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q2PPJ3
    • Q8NG51
    • Q9NV95

    Protein attributes for NEIL3 Gene

    Size:
    605 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    67769 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for NEIL3 Gene

Proteomics data for NEIL3 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for NEIL3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Ubiquitination at Lys13, Lys110, Lys195, Lys316, Lys372, Lys398, Lys558, Lys574, and Lys585

Other Protein References for NEIL3 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NEIL3 Gene

Domains for NEIL3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

NEIL3_HUMAN
Domain:
  • The N-terminal region (2-281) contains the glycosylase and lyase activities.:
    • Q8TAT5
Family:
  • Belongs to the FPG family.:
    • Q8TAT5
Similarity:
  • Contains 1 FPG-type zinc finger.:
    • Q8TAT5
  • Contains 1 RanBP2-type zinc finger.:
    • Q8TAT5
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NEIL3: view

No data available for Gene Families for NEIL3 Gene

Function for NEIL3 Gene

Molecular function for NEIL3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: Removes damaged bases from DNA, leaving an abasic site
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: The C-O-P bond 3 to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site in DNA is broken by a beta-elimination reaction, leaving a 3-terminal unsaturated sugar and a product with a terminal 5-phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: DNA glycosylase which prefers single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), or partially ssDNA structures such as bubble and fork structures, to double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). In vitro, displays strong glycosylase activity towards the hydantoin lesions spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp) and guanidinohydantoin (Gh) in both ssDNA and dsDNA; also recognizes FapyA, FapyG, 5-OHU, 5-OHC, 5-OHMH, Tg and 8-oxoA lesions in ssDNA. No activity on 8-oxoG detected. Also shows weak DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase activity. In vivo, appears to be the primary enzyme involved in removing Sp and Gh from ssDNA in neonatal tissues. Seems to be an important facilitator of cell proliferation in certain populations, for example neural stem/progenitor cells and tumor cells, suggesting a role in replication-associated DNA repair.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for NEIL3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NEIL3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000405 bubble DNA binding ISS --
GO:0003676 nucleic acid binding --
GO:0003684 damaged DNA binding IEA --
GO:0003690 double-stranded DNA binding ISS --
GO:0003697 single-stranded DNA binding IDA 19170771
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NEIL3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NEIL3: view

Animal Models for NEIL3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NEIL3:

miRNA for NEIL3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NEIL3

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for NEIL3 Gene

Localization for NEIL3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NEIL3 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for NEIL3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NEIL3 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NEIL3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 12433996
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NEIL3: view

Pathways for NEIL3 Gene

SuperPathways for NEIL3 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 Resolution of Abasic Sites (AP sites)
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NEIL3: view

Pathways by source for NEIL3 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for NEIL3 Gene

Interacting Proteins for NEIL3 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see details)
http://string-db.org/version_10/api/image/networkList?limit=0&targetmode=proteins&caller_identity=gene_cards&network_flavor=evidence&identifiers=9606.ENSP00000264596%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000344818%0d%0a
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000264596 for NEIL3 Gene via STRING

Symbol External ID(s) Details
UBC

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NEIL3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000737 DNA catabolic process, endonucleolytic --
GO:0006281 DNA repair --
GO:0006284 base-excision repair ISS --
GO:0006289 nucleotide-excision repair IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NEIL3: view

Transcripts for NEIL3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for NEIL3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NEIL3 Gene

Nei endonuclease VIII-like 3 (E. coli):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NEIL3 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11
SP1: -
SP2:
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for NEIL3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
NEIL3
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
NEIL3

Expression for NEIL3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NEIL3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NEIL3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (5.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for NEIL3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NEIL3 Gene Hs.405467

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NEIL3 Gene

Q8TAT5-NEIL3_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in keratinocytes and embryonic fibroblasts (at protein level). Also detected in thymus, testis and fetal lung primary fibroblasts.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with NEIL3: view

Orthologs for NEIL3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for NEIL3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NEIL3 36
  • 99.01 (n)
  • 97.85 (a)
NEIL3 37
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NEIL3 36
  • 85.26 (n)
  • 78.31 (a)
NEIL3 37
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NEIL3 36
  • 83.8 (n)
  • 78.87 (a)
NEIL3 37
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Neil3 36
  • 80.5 (n)
  • 74.21 (a)
Neil3 16
Neil3 37
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NEIL3 37
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Neil3 36
  • 80 (n)
  • 72.89 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NEIL3 36
  • 64.82 (n)
  • 58.82 (a)
NEIL3 37
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NEIL3 37
  • 55 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.10504 36
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia neil3 36
  • 62.25 (n)
  • 57.42 (a)
Str.6541 36
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.3316 36
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.17827 36
neil3 36
  • 59.16 (n)
  • 56.04 (a)
neil3 37
  • 54 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for NEIL3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NEIL3 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for NEIL3 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for NEIL3 (if available)

Paralogs for NEIL3 Gene

Paralogs for NEIL3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NEIL3: view

Variants for NEIL3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NEIL3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs867612 -- 177,339,114(-) GCACC(C/T)CAATT intron-variant
rs906245 -- 177,339,085(+) ATATA(C/T)GATTG intron-variant
rs953659 -- 177,357,341(-) TTAAG(A/G)AAGTT intron-variant
rs987467 -- 177,324,015(+) TTGGA(C/T)GTAAC intron-variant
rs1021966 -- 177,328,461(+) acatt(A/G)catat intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NEIL3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2728772 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv881529 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv1719e1 CNV Complex 17122850
essv1584 CNV CNV 17122850
nsv822852 CNV Gain 20364138
esv34846 CNV Gain 17911159
nsv508336 CNV Loss 20534489

Relevant External Links for NEIL3 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
NEIL3

Disorders for NEIL3 Gene

Relevant External Links for NEIL3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
NEIL3
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
NEIL3
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NEIL3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NEIL3 Gene

Publications for NEIL3 Gene

  1. Expression and purification of NEIL3, a human DNA glycosylase homolog. (PMID: 19121397) Krokeide S.Z. … Luna L. (Protein Expr. Purif. 2009) 3 4 23
  2. Human Nei-like protein NEIL3 has AP lyase activity specific for single-stranded DNA and confers oxidative stress resistance in Escherichia coli mutant. (PMID: 19170771) Takao M. … Zhang Q.M. (Genes Cells 2009) 3 4 23
  3. Human DNA glycosylases of the bacterial Fpg/MutM superfamily: an alternative pathway for the repair of 8-oxoguanine and other oxidation products in DNA. (PMID: 12433996) Morland I. … Seeberg E. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2002) 3 4 23
  4. The novel DNA glycosylase, NEIL1, protects mammalian cells from radiation-mediated cell death. (PMID: 12713815) Rosenquist T.A. … Grollman A.P. (DNA Repair (Amst.) 2003) 2 3 23
  5. Hematopoietic tissue-specific expression of mouse Neil3 for endonuclease VIII-like protein. (PMID: 16428305) Torisu K. … Nakabeppu Y. (J. Biochem. 2005) 4 23

Products for NEIL3 Gene

Sources for NEIL3 Gene

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