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Aliases for NDUFS4 Gene

Aliases for NDUFS4 Gene

  • NADH:Ubiquinone Oxidoreductase Subunit S4 2 3 5
  • NADH Dehydrogenase (Ubiquinone) Fe-S Protein 4, 18kDa (NADH-Coenzyme Q Reductase) 2 3
  • NADH-Ubiquinone Oxidoreductase 18 KDa Subunit 3 4
  • Complex I 18kDa Subunit 2 3
  • Complex I-AQDQ 3 4
  • CI-18 KDa 3 4
  • CI-AQDQ 3 4
  • NADH Dehydrogenase (Ubiquinone) Fe-S Protein 4 (18kD) (NADH-Coenzyme Q Reductase) 2
  • NADH Dehydrogenase [Ubiquinone] Iron-Sulfur Protein 4, Mitochondrial 3
  • Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain Complex I (18-KD Subunit) 3
  • Complex I-18 KDa 4
  • CI-18 3
  • AQDQ 3

External Ids for NDUFS4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NDUFS4 Gene

  • GC05P053020
  • GC05P054286
  • GC05P052826
  • GC05P052872
  • GC05P052892
  • GC05P049829

Summaries for NDUFS4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NDUFS4 Gene

  • This gene encodes an nuclear-encoded accessory subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (complex I, or NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase). Complex I removes electrons from NADH and passes them to the electron acceptor ubiquinone. Mutations in this gene can cause mitochondrial complex I deficiencies such as Leigh syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]

GeneCards Summary for NDUFS4 Gene

NDUFS4 (NADH:Ubiquinone Oxidoreductase Subunit S4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NDUFS4 include Leigh Syndrome and Mitochondrial Complex I Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins. and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) activity and oxidoreductase activity, acting on NAD(P)H.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NDUFS4 Gene

  • Accessory subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (Complex I), that is believed not to be involved in catalysis. Complex I functions in the transfer of electrons from NADH to the respiratory chain. The immediate electron acceptor for the enzyme is believed to be ubiquinone.

Gene Wiki entry for NDUFS4 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NDUFS4 Gene

Genomics for NDUFS4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for NDUFS4 Gene

Enhancers for NDUFS4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around NDUFS4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for NDUFS4 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around NDUFS4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for NDUFS4 Gene

Chromosome:
5
Start:
53,560,623 bp from pter
End:
53,683,341 bp from pter
Size:
122,719 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for NDUFS4 Gene

Genes around NDUFS4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NDUFS4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NDUFS4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NDUFS4 Gene

Proteins for NDUFS4 Gene

  • Protein details for NDUFS4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O43181-NDUS4_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    NADH dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] iron-sulfur protein 4, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    O43181
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q9BS69

    Protein attributes for NDUFS4 Gene

    Size:
    175 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    20108 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Mammalian complex I is composed of 45 different subunits. This is a component of the iron-sulfur (IP) fragment of the enzyme.

neXtProt entry for NDUFS4 Gene

Post-translational modifications for NDUFS4 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for NDUFS4 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NDUFS4 Gene

Domains & Families for NDUFS4 Gene

Protein Domains for NDUFS4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NDUFS4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O43181

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

NDUS4_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the complex I NDUFS4 subunit family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the complex I NDUFS4 subunit family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NDUFS4: view

Function for NDUFS4 Gene

Molecular function for NDUFS4 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
NADH ubiquitine dehydrogenase (Q reductase),18kDa,component of complex I multi-subunit enzyme of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS),iron-sulfur protein 4,extrinsic domain,mitochondrial
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Accessory subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (Complex I), that is believed not to be involved in catalysis. Complex I functions in the transfer of electrons from NADH to the respiratory chain. The immediate electron acceptor for the enzyme is believed to be ubiquinone.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NDUFS4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008137 contributes_to NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) activity IEA,IMP 15038602
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NDUFS4: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NDUFS4: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for NDUFS4 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for NDUFS4 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NDUFS4:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for NDUFS4 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NDUFS4

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NDUFS4 Gene

Localization for NDUFS4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NDUFS4 Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Matrix side.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for NDUFS4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NDUFS4 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 1
extracellular 1
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NDUFS4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA,IDA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0005747 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I IMP 11112787
GO:0045271 respiratory chain complex I IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NDUFS4: view

Pathways & Interactions for NDUFS4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NDUFS4: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NDUFS4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001932 regulation of protein phosphorylation IMP 11165261
GO:0006120 mitochondrial electron transport, NADH to ubiquinone TAS --
GO:0007420 brain development IMP 14765537
GO:0019933 cAMP-mediated signaling IMP 11165261
GO:0032981 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I assembly TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NDUFS4: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for NDUFS4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for NDUFS4 Gene

(33) Drugs for NDUFS4 Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
FAD Approved Pharma 0
Ubiquinone-1 Experimental Pharma 0
Ubiquinone-2 Experimental Pharma 0
NADH Nutra Target 0
Rotenone Pharma inhibitor of the mitochondrial complex I electron transport chain 0

(36) Additional Compounds for NDUFS4 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Fe2+
  • Armco iron
  • Carbonyl iron
  • FE
  • Ferrovac e
  • Hematite
15438-31-0
QH2
  • Coenzymes QH2
  • CoQH2
  • Reduced ubiquinone
  • Ubiquinol
  • Ubiquinone-1
56275-39-9
Sulfide
  • Sulfanediide
  • Sulfide
  • Sulfur
  • Sulphide
18496-25-8

(1) ApexBio Compounds for NDUFS4 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Rotenone inhibitor of the mitochondrial complex I electron transport chain 83-79-4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NDUFS4: view

Transcripts for NDUFS4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NDUFS4 Gene

NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) Fe-S protein 4, 18kDa (NADH-coenzyme Q reductase):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NDUFS4 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NDUFS4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
NDUFS4
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
NDUFS4

Expression for NDUFS4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NDUFS4 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for NDUFS4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (15.3) and Heart (12.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for NDUFS4 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for NDUFS4 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of NDUFS4 Gene:

NDUFS4

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NDUFS4 Gene:

Hs.528222
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NDUFS4: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NDUFS4 Gene

Orthologs for NDUFS4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for NDUFS4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NDUFS4 34
  • 92.76 (n)
  • 90.86 (a)
NDUFS4 35
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NDUFS4 34
  • 92.57 (n)
  • 91.43 (a)
NDUFS4 35
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ndufs4 34
  • 88.19 (n)
  • 88 (a)
Ndufs4 16
Ndufs4 35
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NDUFS4 34
  • 99.43 (n)
  • 100 (a)
NDUFS4 35
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ndufs4 34
  • 87.05 (n)
  • 88 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NDUFS4 35
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NDUFS4 35
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NDUFS4 34
  • 78.17 (n)
  • 79.58 (a)
NDUFS4 35
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NDUFS4 35
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ndufs4 34
  • 77.58 (n)
  • 79.76 (a)
Str.9005 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ndufs4 34
  • 72.26 (n)
  • 81.12 (a)
ndufs4 35
  • 70 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG12203 35
  • 42 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea lpd-5 34
  • 51.69 (n)
  • 50 (a)
lpd-5 35
  • 45 (a)
OneToOne
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons FRO1 34
  • 52.8 (n)
  • 44 (a)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os07g0585800 34
  • 48.98 (n)
  • 43.54 (a)
Species where no ortholog for NDUFS4 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for NDUFS4 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for NDUFS4 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for NDUFS4 (if available)

Paralogs for NDUFS4 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for NDUFS4 Gene

Variants for NDUFS4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NDUFS4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1044692 - 53,683,213(+) TATCC(A/C)CAAAA reference, missense, utr-variant-3-prime
rs187658 -- 53,582,451(+) cagac(C/G)gtggc intron-variant
rs187659 -- 53,620,188(+) AGAAT(A/G)CTTTT intron-variant
rs189848 -- 53,662,727(+) gggag(A/G)gtgta intron-variant
rs189849 -- 53,668,235(-) TACAA(C/T)TGATA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NDUFS4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv5666n100 CNV gain 25217958
esv2670735 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2678642 CNV deletion 23128226
esv3570145 CNV loss 25503493
esv3605072 CNV loss 21293372
esv3605073 CNV loss 21293372
esv3605074 CNV loss 21293372
esv3894190 CNV loss 25118596
esv5622 OTHER inversion 19470904
nsv4828 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv823073 CNV gain 20364138
nsv830298 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for NDUFS4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 58.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.99; 20.45% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for NDUFS4 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
NDUFS4
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
NDUFS4

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NDUFS4 Gene

Disorders for NDUFS4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(25) MalaCards diseases for NDUFS4 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
leigh syndrome
  • leigh syndrome due to mitochondrial complex i deficiency
mitochondrial complex i deficiency
  • mitochondrial complex 1 deficiency
leigh syndrome with leukodystrophy
  • infantile subacute necrotizing encephalopathy with leukodystrophy
mitochondrial dna-associated leigh syndrome
  • mils
landau-kleffner syndrome
  • acquired epileptic aphasia
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

NDUS4_HUMAN
  • Mitochondrial complex I deficiency (MT-C1D) [MIM:252010]: A disorder of the mitochondrial respiratory chain that causes a wide range of clinical manifestations from lethal neonatal disease to adult-onset neurodegenerative disorders. Phenotypes include macrocephaly with progressive leukodystrophy, non-specific encephalopathy, cardiomyopathy, myopathy, liver disease, Leigh syndrome, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, and some forms of Parkinson disease. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:9463323}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Genatlas disease for NDUFS4 Gene

mitochondrial encephalomyopathy,characterized by vomiting,failure to thrive,hypotonia,fatal progressive evolution with normal muscle morphology and without increased lactate concentration

Relevant External Links for NDUFS4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
NDUFS4
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
NDUFS4
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
NDUFS4
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NDUFS4: view

Publications for NDUFS4 Gene

  1. Demonstration of a new pathogenic mutation in human complex I deficiency: a 5-bp duplication in the nuclear gene encoding the 18-kD (AQDQ) subunit. (PMID: 9463323) van den Heuvel L. … Smeitink J. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 1998) 2 3 4 22 65
  2. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 65
  3. Association study between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 199 drug-related genes and commonly measured quantitative traits of 752 healthy Japanese subjects. (PMID: 19343046) Saito A. … Kamatani N. (J. Hum. Genet. 2009) 3 46 65
  4. NDUFS4 mutations cause Leigh syndrome with predominant brainstem involvement. (PMID: 19364667) Leshinsky-Silver E. … Lerman-Sagie T. (Mol. Genet. Metab. 2009) 3 22 65
  5. cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulates the mitochondrial import of the nuclear encoded NDUFS4 subunit of complex I. (PMID: 18291624) De Rasmo D. … Papa S. (Cell. Signal. 2008) 3 22 65

Products for NDUFS4 Gene

Sources for NDUFS4 Gene

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