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Aliases for NAGS Gene

Aliases for NAGS Gene

  • N-Acetylglutamate Synthase 2 3
  • Amino-Acid Acetyltransferase 3 4
  • N-Acetylglutamate Synthase, Mitochondrial 3
  • EC 2.3.1.1 4
  • AGAS 3
  • ARGA 3

External Ids for NAGS Gene

Summaries for NAGS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NAGS Gene

  • The N-acetylglutamate synthase gene encodes a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the formation of N-acetylglutamate (NAG) from glutamate and acetyl coenzyme-A. NAG is a cofactor of carbamyl phosphate synthetase I (CPSI), the first enzyme of the urea cycle in mammals. This gene may regulate ureagenesis by altering NAG availability and, thereby, CPSI activity. Deficiencies in N-acetylglutamate synthase have been associated with hyperammonemia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for NAGS Gene

NAGS (N-Acetylglutamate Synthase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NAGS include n-acetylglutamate synthase deficiency and urea cycle disorder. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Carbon metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include acetyl-CoA:L-glutamate N-acetyltransferase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NAGS Gene

  • Plays a role in the regulation of ureagenesis by producing the essential cofactor N-acetylglutamate (NAG), thus modulating carbamoylphosphate synthase I (CPSI) activity

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NAGS Gene

Genomics for NAGS Gene

Genomic Location for NAGS Gene

Start:
44,004,546 bp from pter
End:
44,009,068 bp from pter
Size:
4,523 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for NAGS Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for NAGS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NAGS Gene

Regulatory Elements for NAGS Gene

Proteins for NAGS Gene

  • Protein details for NAGS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q8N159-NAGS_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    N-acetylglutamate synthase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Q8N159
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RAZ9
    • Q8IWR4

    Protein attributes for NAGS Gene

    Size:
    534 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    58156 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for NAGS Gene

neXtProt entry for NAGS Gene

Proteomics data for NAGS Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for NAGS Gene

  • Probably processed by mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP). The long form has not yet been isolated (By similarity).
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for NAGS Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NAGS Gene

Domains for NAGS Gene

Protein Domains for NAGS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

NAGS_HUMAN
Domain:
  • The Amino-acid kinase domain (AAK) mediates binding of the allosteric activator L-arginine:
    • Q8N159
  • Contains 1 N-acetyltransferase domain.:
    • Q8N159
Family:
  • Belongs to the acetyltransferase family.:
    • Q8N159
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NAGS: view

No data available for Gene Families for NAGS Gene

Function for NAGS Gene

Molecular function for NAGS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: Acetyl-CoA + L-glutamate = CoA + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation: Increased by L-arginine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Plays a role in the regulation of ureagenesis by producing the essential cofactor N-acetylglutamate (NAG), thus modulating carbamoylphosphate synthase I (CPSI) activity

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for NAGS Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NAGS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004042 acetyl-CoA:L-glutamate N-acetyltransferase activity TAS 21757002
GO:0008080 N-acetyltransferase activity --
GO:0016740 transferase activity --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NAGS: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NAGS: view

Animal Models for NAGS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NAGS:
  • Nags tm1(KOMP)Vlcg

No data available for miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for NAGS Gene

Localization for NAGS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NAGS Gene

Mitochondrion matrix.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for NAGS Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NAGS gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 2
extracellular 1
lysosome 1
nucleus 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NAGS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NAGS: view

Pathways for NAGS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NAGS: view

Pathways by source for NAGS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q8N159-NAGS_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Amino-acid biosynthesis; L-arginine biosynthesis; N(2)-acetyl-L-ornithine from L-glutamate: step 1/4

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NAGS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000050 urea cycle TAS --
GO:0006526 arginine biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0006536 glutamate metabolic process TAS 21757002
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0034641 cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NAGS: view

Compounds for NAGS Gene

(6) HMDB Compounds for NAGS Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Acetyl-CoA
  • S-Acetyl coenzyme A
72-89-9
Coenzyme A
  • Acetoacetyl coenzyme A sodium salt
85-61-0
Famotidine
  • Amfamox
76824-35-6
L-Glutamic acid
  • (2S)-2-Aminopentanedioate
56-86-0
N-Acetylglutamic acid
  • 2-acetamido-L-Glutaraldehydate
1188-37-0

(1) Drugbank Compounds for NAGS Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
L-Glutamic Acid
  • (2S)-2-Aminopentanedioic acid
56-86-0 target

(10) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for NAGS Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
n-acetylglutamate 98.6 53
n-carbamylglutamate 97.3 11
carbamoyl phosphate 89.3 8
cpsi 89.1 6
urea 67.2 11

(3) PharmGKB related drug/compound annotations for NAGS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NAGS: view

Transcripts for NAGS Gene

Unigene Clusters for NAGS Gene

N-acetylglutamate synthase:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NAGS Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3:

Relevant External Links for NAGS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
NAGS
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
NAGS

Expression for NAGS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NAGS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NAGS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (20.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for NAGS Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NAGS Gene Hs.8876

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NAGS Gene

Q8N159-NAGS_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in the adult liver, kidney and small intestine. Weakly expressed in the fetal liver, lung, pancreas, placenta, heart and brain tissue.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with NAGS: view

Orthologs for NAGS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for NAGS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NAGS 36
  • 99.75 (n)
  • 99.81 (a)
NAGS 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NAGS 36
  • 86.64 (n)
  • 87.08 (a)
NAGS 37
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NAGS 36
  • 87.27 (n)
  • 88.2 (a)
NAGS 37
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nags 36
  • 84.1 (n)
  • 88.13 (a)
Nags 16
Nags 37
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NAGS 37
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NAGS 37
  • 80 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nags 36
  • 84.44 (n)
  • 88.33 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia nags 36
  • 63.9 (n)
  • 65.02 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC557716 36
  • 58.63 (n)
  • 54.1 (a)
nags 37
  • 45 (a)
OneToOne
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ADL062W 36
  • 40.18 (n)
  • 27.32 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ARG5,6 37
  • 14 (a)
OneToOne
ARG5,6 39
Species with no ortholog for NAGS:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NAGS Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for NAGS (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for NAGS (if available)

Paralogs for NAGS Gene

No data available for Paralogs for NAGS Gene

Variants for NAGS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NAGS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs170639 -- 44,007,984(-) TGGGG(C/G)TTAGG intron-variant
rs186636 -- 44,008,604(-) GGTGA(A/G)GGTCA utr-variant-3-prime
rs189052 -- 44,009,134(-) GTCTT(A/T)AAAAA downstream-variant-500B
rs228770 -- 44,006,472(-) CCCCT(A/G)CCCCC intron-variant
rs228771 -- 44,006,729(-) TCCCC(C/G)GCCCG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NAGS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833454 CNV Loss 17160897

Relevant External Links for NAGS Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
NAGS
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
NAGS
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)
NAGS

Disorders for NAGS Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for NAGS Gene (608300)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

NAGS_HUMAN
  • N-acetylglutamate synthase deficiency (NAGSD) [MIM:237310]: Rare autosomal recessively inherited metabolic disorder leading to severe neonatal or late-onset hyperammonemia without increased excretion of orotic acid. Clinical symptoms are somnolence, tachypnea, feeding difficulties, a severe neurologic presentation characterized by uncontrollable movements, developmental delay, visual impairment, failure to thrive and hyperammonemia precipitated by the introduction of high-protein diet or febrile illness. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12754705, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15878741}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for NAGS Gene

(2) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for NAGS Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
nags deficiency 99.3 40
hyperammonemia 90.7 19

Relevant External Links for NAGS

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
NAGS
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
NAGS
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NAGS: view

Publications for NAGS Gene

  1. Cloning and expression of the human N-acetylglutamate synthase gene. (PMID: 12459178) Caldovic L. … Tuchman M. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2002) 2 3 4 23
  2. Null mutations in the N-acetylglutamate synthase gene associated with acute neonatal disease and hyperammonemia. (PMID: 12594532) Caldovic L. … Tuchman M. (Hum. Genet. 2003) 3 23 49
  3. Mutation analysis in patients with N-acetylglutamate synthase deficiency. (PMID: 12754705) Haeberle J. … Koch H.G. (Hum. Mutat. 2003) 3 4 23
  4. Mammalian N-acetylglutamate synthase. (PMID: 15050968) Morizono H. … Tuchman M. (Mol. Genet. Metab. 2004) 2 3 23
  5. Identification of novel mutations of the human N-acetylglutamate synthase gene and their functional investigation by expression studies. (PMID: 15878741) Schmidt E. … Koch H.G. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2005) 3 4 23

Products for NAGS Gene

Sources for NAGS Gene

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