Aliases for MYO6 Gene
External Ids for MYO6 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MYO6 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYO6 Gene
This gene encodes a reverse-direction motor protein that moves toward the minus end of actin filaments and plays a role in intracellular vesicle and organelle transport. The protein consists of a motor domain containing an ATP- and an actin-binding site and a globular tail which interacts with other proteins. This protein maintains the structural integrity of inner ear hair cells and mutations in this gene cause non-syndromic autosomal dominant and recessive hearing loss. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]
GeneCards Summary for MYO6 Gene
MYO6 (Myosin VI) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYO6 include Deafness, Autosomal Dominant 22 and Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 37. Among its related pathways are Transmission across Chemical Synapses and Vesicle-mediated transport. GO annotations related to this gene include actin binding and actin filament binding. An important paralog of this gene is MYO5A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYO6 Gene
Myosins are actin-based motor molecules with ATPase activity. Unconventional myosins serve in intracellular movements. Myosin 6 is a reverse-direction motor protein that moves towards the minus-end of actin filaments. Has slow rate of actin-activated ADP release due to weak ATP binding. Functions in a variety of intracellular processes such as vesicular membrane trafficking and cell migration. Required for the structural integrity of the Golgi apparatus via the p53-dependent pro-survival pathway. Appears to be involved in a very early step of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in polarized epithelial cells. May act as a regulator of F-actin dynamics. May play a role in transporting DAB2 from the plasma membrane to specific cellular targets. Required for structural integrity of inner ear hair cells (By similarity).