Aliases for MYO1C Gene
External Ids for MYO1C Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYO1C Gene
This gene encodes a member of the unconventional myosin protein family, which are actin-based molecular motors. The protein is found in the cytoplasm, and one isoform with a unique N-terminus is also found in the nucleus. The nuclear isoform associates with RNA polymerase I and II and functions in transcription initiation. The mouse ortholog of this protein also functions in intracellular vesicle transport to the plasma membrane. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. The related gene myosin IE has been referred to as myosin IC in the literature, but it is a distinct locus on chromosome 19. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MYO1C Gene
MYO1C (Myosin IC) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYO1C include Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental, 6 and Autosomal Dominant Non-Syndromic Sensorineural Deafness Type Dfna. Among its related pathways are Regulation of actin dynamics for phagocytic cup formation and ERK Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and calmodulin binding. An important paralog of this gene is MYO1D.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYO1C Gene
Myosins are actin-based motor molecules with ATPase activity. Unconventional myosins serve in intracellular movements. Their highly divergent tails are presumed to bind to membranous compartments, which would be moved relative to actin filaments. Involved in glucose transporter recycling in response to insulin by regulating movement of intracellular GLUT4-containing vesicles to the plasma membrane. Component of the hair cells (the sensory cells of the inner ear) adaptation-motor complex. Acts as a mediator of adaptation of mechanoelectrical transduction in stereocilia of vestibular hair cells. Binds phosphoinositides and links the actin cytoskeleton to cellular membranes.
Isoform 3 is involved in regulation of transcription. Associated with transcriptional active ribosomal genes. Appears to cooperate with the WICH chromatin-remodeling complex to facilitate transcription. Necessary for the formation of the first phosphodiester bond during transcription initiation (By similarity).