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Aliases for MYO15A Gene

Aliases for MYO15A Gene

  • Myosin XVA 2 3
  • Unconventional Myosin-15 3 4
  • MYO15 3 4
  • DFNB3 3 6
  • Unconventional Myosin-XV 3
  • Myosin-XV 3

External Ids for MYO15A Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for MYO15A Gene

  • DFNB3
  • MYO15

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYO15A Gene

  • GC17P018257
  • GC17P019384
  • GC17P017955
  • GC17P018212
  • GC17P017952
  • GC17P017765

Summaries for MYO15A Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MYO15A Gene

  • This gene encodes an unconventional myosin. This protein differs from other myosins in that it has a long N-terminal extension preceding the conserved motor domain. Studies in mice suggest that this protein is necessary for actin organization in the hair cells of the cochlea. Mutations in this gene have been associated with profound, congenital, neurosensory, nonsyndromal deafness. This gene is located within the Smith-Magenis syndrome region on chromosome 17. Read-through transcripts containing an upstream gene and this gene have been identified, but they are not thought to encode a fusion protein. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, but their full length sequences have not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MYO15A Gene

MYO15A (Myosin XVA) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYO15A include deafness, autosomal recessive 3 and dfnb 3 nonsyndromic hearing loss and deafness. Among its related pathways are RhoGDI Pathway and ERK Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include actin binding and motor activity. An important paralog of this gene is MYO1D.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYO15A Gene

  • Myosins are actin-based motor molecules with ATPase activity. Unconventional myosins serve in intracellular movements. Their highly divergent tails are presumed to bind to membranous compartments, which would be moved relative to actin filaments. Required for the arrangement of stereocilia in mature hair bundles (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for MYO15A Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MYO15A Gene

Genomics for MYO15A Gene

Regulatory Elements for MYO15A Gene

Genomic Location for MYO15A Gene

18,108,706 bp from pter
18,179,802 bp from pter
71,097 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MYO15A Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for MYO15A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MYO15A Gene

Proteins for MYO15A Gene

  • Protein details for MYO15A Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Unconventional myosin-XV
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DFC7

    Protein attributes for MYO15A Gene

    3530 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    395293 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with the third PDZ domain of WHRN which is necessary for localization of WHRN to stereocilium tips. Interacts with EPS8 (By similarity). Interacts with FASLG.

    Alternative splice isoforms for MYO15A Gene


neXtProt entry for MYO15A Gene

Proteomics data for MYO15A Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MYO15A Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MYO15A Gene

Domains for MYO15A Gene

Gene Families for MYO15A Gene

  • MYOXV :Myosins / Myosin superfamily : Class XV

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q9UKN7
  • Contains 1 FERM domain.
  • Contains 3 IQ domains.
  • Contains 1 myosin motor domain.
  • Contains 2 MyTH4 domains.
  • Contains 1 SH3 domain.
  • Belongs to the TRAFAC class myosin-kinesin ATPase superfamily. Myosin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MYO15A: view

Function for MYO15A Gene

Molecular function for MYO15A Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Myosins are actin-based motor molecules with ATPase activity. Unconventional myosins serve in intracellular movements. Their highly divergent tails are presumed to bind to membranous compartments, which would be moved relative to actin filaments. Required for the arrangement of stereocilia in mature hair bundles (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MYO15A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003774 motor activity IEA --
GO:0003779 actin binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0005516 calmodulin binding IEA --
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MYO15A: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MYO15A: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for MYO15A Gene

Localization for MYO15A Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYO15A Gene

Cell projection, stereocilium. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Note=Localizes to stereocilium tips in cochlear and vestibular hair cells. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MYO15A Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MYO15A gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 3
cytosol 3
nucleus 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MYO15A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton --
GO:0016459 myosin complex IEA --
GO:0032420 stereocilium IEA --
GO:0032421 stereocilium bundle --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MYO15A: view

Pathways for MYO15A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MYO15A: view

Pathways by source for MYO15A Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MYO15A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007605 sensory perception of sound IEA --
GO:0007626 locomotory behavior IEA --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
GO:0042472 inner ear morphogenesis IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MYO15A: view

Transcripts for MYO15A Gene

Unigene Clusters for MYO15A Gene

Myosin XVA:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for MYO15A

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for MYO15A

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MYO15A Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MYO15A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MYO15A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MYO15A Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for MYO15A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pituitary (34.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for MYO15A Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MYO15A Gene Hs.462390

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MYO15A Gene

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in pituitary. Also expressed at lower levels in adult brain, kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, placenta and skeletal muscle. Not expressed in brain. In the pituitary, highly expressed in anterior gland cells.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with MYO15A: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for MYO15A Gene

Orthologs for MYO15A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MYO15A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MYO15A 35
  • 99.16 (n)
  • 99.14 (a)
MYO15A 36
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MYO15A 35
  • 84.99 (n)
  • 84.48 (a)
MYO15A 36
  • 83 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MYO15A 35
  • 86.28 (n)
  • 86.73 (a)
MYO15A 36
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Myo15 35
  • 82.06 (n)
  • 83.41 (a)
Myo15 16
Myo15 36
  • 83 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MYO15A 36
  • 65 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MYO15A 36
  • 83 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Myo15a 35
  • 81.06 (n)
  • 82.02 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MYO15A 35
  • 67.68 (n)
  • 63 (a)
MYO15A 36
  • 53 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MYO15A 36
  • 65 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia myo15a 35
  • 61.43 (n)
  • 58.48 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii myo15aa 35
  • 65.06 (n)
  • 63.31 (a)
myo15aa 36
  • 41 (a)
myo15ab 36
  • 56 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta d 36
  • 22 (a)
Myo10A 37
  • 42 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea hum-4 36
  • 22 (a)
hum-4 37
  • 26 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.2003 36
  • 30 (a)
Species with no ortholog for MYO15A:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MYO15A Gene

Gene Tree for MYO15A (if available)
Gene Tree for MYO15A (if available)

Paralogs for MYO15A Gene

Paralogs for MYO15A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MYO15A: view

Variants for MYO15A Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MYO15A Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs712266 -- 18,118,248(+) AGGAC(C/T)TAGAG intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs712267 -- 18,118,293(+) CTTTG(A/G)CCATC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs712268 -- 18,122,430(+) TTACA(C/G)GGAGG intron-variant
rs712269 -- 18,128,846(-) ATCCG(C/T)CCTCC intron-variant
rs712270 - 18,153,853(-) AGCCG(A/T)AGAAG reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MYO15A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv155 OTHER Inversion 15895083
nsv499114 OTHER Inversion 21111241
nsv907769 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv457697 CNV Loss 19166990
dgv3077n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv470580 CNV Loss 18288195
nsv827912 CNV Gain 20364138
nsv510702 CNV Loss 20534489

Relevant External Links for MYO15A Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYO15A Gene

Disorders for MYO15A Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for MYO15A Gene (602666)


  • Deafness, autosomal recessive, 3 (DFNB3) [MIM:600316]: A form of non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss. Sensorineural deafness results from damage to the neural receptors of the inner ear, the nerve pathways to the brain, or the area of the brain that receives sound information. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11735029, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24926664, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9603736}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for MYO15A Gene

(3) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for MYO15A Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
dfnb3 99.1 9
dfnb2 90.3 1
congenital deafness 79.7 1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MYO15A: view

Publications for MYO15A Gene

  1. Association of unconventional myosin MYO15 mutations with human nonsyndromic deafness DFNB3. (PMID: 9603736) Wang A. … Friedman T.B. (Science 1998) 2 3 4 23
  2. Characterization of the human and mouse unconventional myosin XV genes responsible for hereditary deafness DFNB3 and shaker 2. (PMID: 10552926) Liang Y. … Fridell R.A. (Genomics 1999) 3 4 23
  3. Novel mutations of MYO15A associated with profound deafness in consanguineous families and moderately severe hearing loss in a patient with Smith-Magenis syndrome. (PMID: 11735029) Liburd N. … Friedman T.B. (Hum. Genet. 2001) 3 4 23
  4. Mutational spectrum of MYO15A: the large N-terminal extension of myosin XVA is required for hearing. (PMID: 17546645) Nal N. … Friedman T.B. (Hum. Mutat. 2007) 3 23
  5. Mutations in the first MyTH4 domain of MYO15A are a common cause of DFNB3 hearing loss. (PMID: 19274735) Shearer A.E. … Najmabadi H. (Laryngoscope 2009) 3 23

Products for MYO15A Gene

Sources for MYO15A Gene

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