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Aliases for MYH1 Gene

Aliases for MYH1 Gene

  • Myosin, Heavy Chain 1, Skeletal Muscle, Adult 2 3 5
  • Myosin Heavy Chain IIx/D 2 3 4
  • Myosin, Heavy Polypeptide 1, Skeletal Muscle, Adult 2 3
  • Myosin Heavy Chain, Skeletal Muscle, Adult 1 3 4
  • Myosin Heavy Chain 2x 3 4
  • Myosin Heavy Chain 1 3 4
  • MyHC-IIx/D 3 4
  • MyHC-2x 3 4
  • Epididymis Luminal Protein 71 3
  • MyHC-2X/D 3
  • MYHSA1 3
  • HEL71 3
  • MYHa 3

External Ids for MYH1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYH1 Gene

  • GC17U990062
  • GC17M011510
  • GC17M010338
  • GC17M010596
  • GC17M010336

Summaries for MYH1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MYH1 Gene

  • Myosin is a major contractile protein which converts chemical energy into mechanical energy through the hydrolysis of ATP. Myosin is a hexameric protein composed of a pair of myosin heavy chains (MYH) and two pairs of nonidentical light chains. Myosin heavy chains are encoded by a multigene family. In mammals at least 10 different myosin heavy chain (MYH) isoforms have been described from striated, smooth, and nonmuscle cells. These isoforms show expression that is spatially and temporally regulated during development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MYH1 Gene

MYH1 (Myosin, Heavy Chain 1, Skeletal Muscle, Adult) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and Translocation of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleotide binding and calmodulin binding. An important paralog of this gene is MYH4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYH1 Gene

  • Muscle contraction.

Tocris Summary for MYH1 Gene

  • Myosins are a large family of motor proteins that share the common features of ATP hydrolysis (ATPase enzyme activity), actin binding and potential for kinetic energy transduction. Originally isolated from muscle cells, almost all eukaryotic cells are known to contain myosins.

Gene Wiki entry for MYH1 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MYH1 Gene

Genomics for MYH1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MYH1 Gene

Enhancers for MYH1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around MYH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for MYH1 Gene

10,492,307 bp from pter
10,518,543 bp from pter
26,237 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MYH1 Gene

Genes around MYH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MYH1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MYH1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MYH1 Gene

Proteins for MYH1 Gene

  • Protein details for MYH1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q14CA4
    • Q9Y622

    Protein attributes for MYH1 Gene

    1939 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    223145 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Muscle myosin is a hexameric protein that consists of 2 heavy chain subunits (MHC), 2 alkali light chain subunits (MLC) and 2 regulatory light chain subunits (MLC-2).

neXtProt entry for MYH1 Gene

Proteomics data for MYH1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MYH1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MYH1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MYH1 Gene

Domains & Families for MYH1 Gene

Gene Families for MYH1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MYH1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The rodlike tail sequence is highly repetitive, showing cycles of a 28-residue repeat pattern composed of 4 heptapeptides, characteristic for alpha-helical coiled coils.
  • Belongs to the TRAFAC class myosin-kinesin ATPase superfamily. Myosin family.
  • The rodlike tail sequence is highly repetitive, showing cycles of a 28-residue repeat pattern composed of 4 heptapeptides, characteristic for alpha-helical coiled coils.
  • Limited proteolysis of myosin heavy chain produces 1 light meromyosin (LMM) and 1 heavy meromyosin (HMM). HMM can be further cleaved into 2 globular subfragments (S1) and 1 rod-shaped subfragment (S2).
  • Contains 1 IQ domain.
  • Contains 1 myosin motor domain.
  • Belongs to the TRAFAC class myosin-kinesin ATPase superfamily. Myosin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MYH1: view

Function for MYH1 Gene

Molecular function for MYH1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
myosin,motor contractile protein moving towards the "plus" end of actin track,heavy polypeptide 1,skeletal muscle,adult
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Muscle contraction.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MYH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003774 motor activity IEA --
GO:0003779 actin binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MYH1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MYH1: view

Animal Models for MYH1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MYH1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for MYH1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MYH1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MYH1 Gene

Localization for MYH1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYH1 Gene

Cytoplasm, myofibril. Note=Thick filaments of the myofibrils.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MYH1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MYH1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 3
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MYH1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for MYH1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MYH1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MYH1 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MYH1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MYH1 Gene

(1) Drugs for MYH1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(5) Additional Compounds for MYH1 Gene - From: Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
ML 9 hydrochloride
W-7 hydrochloride

(5) Tocris Compounds for MYH1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
(+-)-Blebbistatin Selective inhibitor of myosin II ATPase activity 674289-55-5
(R)-(+)-Blebbistatin Selective inhibitor of myosin II ATPase activity. Inactive enantiomer of (+-)-blebbistatin (Cat. No. 1760) 1177356-70-5
(S)-(-)-Blebbistatin Selective inhibitor of myosin II ATPase activity. Active enantiomer of (+-)-blebbistatin (Cat. No. 1760) 856925-71-8
ML 9 hydrochloride Myosin light chain kinase inhibitor 105637-50-1
W-7 hydrochloride Calmodulin antagonist. Inhibits myosin light chain kinase 61714-27-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MYH1: view

Transcripts for MYH1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for MYH1 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(360) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for MYH1 Gene

Myosin, heavy chain 1, skeletal muscle, adult:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MYH1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14a · 14b · 14c ^ 15 ^ 16a · 16b
SP7: -

Relevant External Links for MYH1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MYH1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MYH1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for MYH1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x52.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MYH1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (33.0), Esophagus (13.6), and Liver (9.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MYH1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MYH1 Gene Hs.689619

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MYH1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for MYH1 Gene

Orthologs for MYH1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MYH1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MYH1 35
  • 91.33 (n)
  • 96.65 (a)
MYH1 36
  • 97 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MYH1 35
  • 91.61 (n)
  • 97.06 (a)
MYH1 36
  • 96 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Myh1 35
  • 90.82 (n)
  • 96.75 (a)
Myh1 16
Myh1 36
  • 97 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MYH1 35
  • 99.43 (n)
  • 99.79 (a)
MYH1 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Myh1 35
  • 91.27 (n)
  • 96.85 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 92 (a)
-- 36
  • 87 (a)
-- 36
  • 95 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 91 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100495638 35
  • 77.26 (n)
  • 83.99 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Mhc 37
  • 50 (a)
Prm 37
  • 36 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F45G2.2 37
  • 44 (a)
F58G4.1 37
  • 48 (a)
hcp-1 37
  • 20 (a)
hcp-2 37
  • 20 (a)
myo-3 37
  • 47 (a)
Y11D7A.14 37
  • 29 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.2731 35
Species with no ortholog for MYH1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for MYH1 Gene

Gene Tree for MYH1 (if available)
Gene Tree for MYH1 (if available)

Paralogs for MYH1 Gene

Paralogs for MYH1 Gene

(24) SIMAP similar genes for MYH1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MYH1: view

Variants for MYH1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MYH1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_030193 -
VAR_030194 -
VAR_030195 -
VAR_036003 A breast cancer sample
VAR_036004 A breast cancer sample

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MYH1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv907673 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv520771 CNV Gain+Loss 19592680
nsv907679 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv833366 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv907681 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for MYH1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 94.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.54; 72.06% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for MYH1 Gene

Disorders for MYH1 Gene

Relevant External Links for MYH1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for MYH1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MYH1 Gene

Publications for MYH1 Gene

  1. Evaluation of embryonic and perinatal myosin gene mutations and the etiology of congenital idiopathic clubfoot. (PMID: 20357587) Shyy W. … Morcuende J.A. (J Pediatr Orthop 2010) 3 48 67
  2. Isolation and characterization of human myosin heavy chain genes. (PMID: 6304733) Leinwand L.A. … Nadal-Ginard B. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1983) 2 3
  3. Molecular determinants of force production in human skeletal muscle fibers: effects of myosin isoform expression and cross-sectional area. (PMID: 25567808) Miller M.S. … Toth M.J. (Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. 2015) 3
  4. Quantitative Proteomics Reveals Dynamic Interactions of the Minichromosome Maintenance Complex (MCM) in the Cellular Response to Etoposide Induced DNA Damage. (PMID: 25963833) Drissi R. … Boisvert F.M. (Mol. Cell Proteomics 2015) 3
  5. Transition of myosin heavy chain isoforms in human laryngeal abductors following denervation. (PMID: 26059207) Qiu X. … Chen S. (Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2015) 3

Products for MYH1 Gene

Sources for MYH1 Gene