Aliases for MYD88 Gene
External Ids for MYD88 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYD88 Gene
This gene encodes a cytosolic adapter protein that plays a central role in the innate and adaptive immune response. This protein functions as an essential signal transducer in the interleukin-1 and Toll-like receptor signaling pathways. These pathways regulate that activation of numerous proinflammatory genes. The encoded protein consists of an N-terminal death domain and a C-terminal Toll-interleukin1 receptor domain. Patients with defects in this gene have an increased susceptibility to pyogenic bacterial infections. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]
GeneCards Summary for MYD88 Gene
MYD88 (Myeloid Differentiation Primary Response 88) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYD88 include Myd88 Deficiency and Macroglobulinemia, Waldenstrom 1. Among its related pathways are Cytosolic sensors of pathogen-associated DNA and Toll-Like receptor Signaling Pathways. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and death receptor binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYD88 Gene
Adapter protein involved in the Toll-like receptor and IL-1 receptor signaling pathway in the innate immune response. Acts via IRAK1, IRAK2, IRF7 and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response. Increases IL-8 transcription. Involved in IL-18-mediated signaling pathway. Activates IRF1 resulting in its rapid migration into the nucleus to mediate an efficient induction of IFN-beta, NOS2/INOS, and IL12A genes. MyD88-mediated signaling in intestinal epithelial cells is crucial for maintenance of gut homeostasis and controls the expression of the antimicrobial lectin REG3G in the small intestine.