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Aliases for MTTP Gene

Aliases for MTTP Gene

  • Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein 2 3 5
  • Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein (Large Polypeptide, 88kDa) 2 3
  • MTP 3 4
  • Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein (Large Polypeptide, 88kD) 2
  • Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein Large Subunit 3
  • ABL 3

External Ids for MTTP Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for MTTP Gene

  • MTP

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MTTP Gene

  • GCMTU990051
  • GC04P100854
  • GC04P100715
  • GC04P100485
  • GC04P096223

Summaries for MTTP Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MTTP Gene

  • MTP encodes the large subunit of the heterodimeric microsomal triglyceride transfer protein. Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) completes the heterodimeric microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, which has been shown to play a central role in lipoprotein assembly. Mutations in MTP can cause abetalipoproteinemia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MTTP Gene

MTTP (Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MTTP include Abetalipoproteinemia and Abdominal Obesity-Metabolic Syndrome 1. Among its related pathways are Statin Pathway and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include protein heterodimerization activity and lipid transporter activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTTP Gene

  • Catalyzes the transport of triglyceride, cholesteryl ester, and phospholipid between phospholipid surfaces (PubMed:23475612, PubMed:8939939, PubMed:26224785, PubMed:25108285, PubMed:22236406). Required for the secretion of plasma lipoproteins that contain apolipoprotein B (PubMed:23475612, PubMed:8939939, PubMed:26224785).

Gene Wiki entry for MTTP Gene

Additional gene information for MTTP Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MTTP Gene

Genomics for MTTP Gene

Regulatory Elements for MTTP Gene

Enhancers for MTTP Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH04H099562 1.1 ENCODE 23.3 +0.3 266 3 PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZBTB7B YY1 ZNF766 ZNF207 ZNF143 MTTP TRMT10A ADH5
GH04H099571 1.2 ENCODE dbSUPER 20.7 +12.2 12178 9 FOXA2 ATF1 ARID4B DMAP1 YY1 MXD4 REST MIER2 PPARG KAT8 MTTP TRMT10A LOC100507053 ADH1B ENSG00000248676
GH04H099561 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 17.9 -2.5 -2461 0 PKNOX1 ATF1 RAD21 CHAMP1 GTF3C2 POLR3A FOS RCOR1 CREM SMARCA5 MTTP LOC100507053 C4orf17
GH04H099845 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.6 +282.9 282873 3 HDGF TBL1XR1 BMI1 BATF ATF7 RCOR1 ETV6 RUNX3 IKZF2 CREM DAPP1 TRMT10A MTTP LAMTOR3 DNAJB14 ENSG00000279913
GH04H099819 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11 +257.7 257671 3 TAL1 CBX5 EED ETV6 TRIM24 ATF7 RUNX3 IKZF2 CREM ZBED1 DNAJB14 TRMT10A DAPP1 H2AFZ MTTP LOC256880 LAMTOR3 DDIT4L LOC285556
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around MTTP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for MTTP Gene

Chromosome:
4
Start:
99,563,761 bp from pter
End:
99,623,999 bp from pter
Size:
60,239 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for MTTP Gene

Genes around MTTP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MTTP Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MTTP Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MTTP Gene

Proteins for MTTP Gene

  • Protein details for MTTP Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P55157-MTP_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein large subunit
    Protein Accession:
    P55157
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K428
    • Q08AM4
    • Q6P5T3

    Protein attributes for MTTP Gene

    Size:
    894 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    99351 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterodimer; heterodimerizes with the protein disulfide isomerase (P4HB/PDI) (PubMed:23475612, PubMed:26224785, PubMed:25108285). Interacts with APOB (PubMed:26224785, PubMed:25108285, PubMed:27206948).

    Alternative splice isoforms for MTTP Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for MTTP Gene

Post-translational modifications for MTTP Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MTTP Gene

Domains & Families for MTTP Gene

Gene Families for MTTP Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • FDA approved drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MTTP: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTTP Gene

Function for MTTP Gene

Molecular function for MTTP Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the transport of triglyceride, cholesteryl ester, and phospholipid between phospholipid surfaces (PubMed:23475612, PubMed:8939939, PubMed:26224785, PubMed:25108285, PubMed:22236406). Required for the secretion of plasma lipoproteins that contain apolipoprotein B (PubMed:23475612, PubMed:8939939, PubMed:26224785).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Positively regulated by cholesterol and negatively regulated by insulin.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for MTTP Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MTTP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005319 lipid transporter activity TAS --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 23475612
GO:0005548 phospholipid transporter activity IDA 23475612
GO:0008289 lipid binding IEA --
GO:0034185 apolipoprotein binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MTTP: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MTTP: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for MTTP Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for MTTP Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MTTP:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for MTTP Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MTTP

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for MTTP
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MTTP Gene

Localization for MTTP Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTTP Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum. Note=Colocalizes with P4HB/PDI in the endoplasmic reticulum (PubMed:23475612, PubMed:26224785). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23475612, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26224785}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MTTP gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
extracellular 3
peroxisome 2
cytosol 2
plasma membrane 1
mitochondrion 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MTTP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IDA,IEA 22236406
GO:0005788 endoplasmic reticulum lumen TAS --
GO:0005791 rough endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IEA --
GO:0016323 basolateral plasma membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MTTP: view

Pathways & Interactions for MTTP Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MTTP: view

Pathways by source for MTTP Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MTTP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006497 protein lipidation IEA --
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process TAS 1439810
GO:0006641 triglyceride metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0006869 lipid transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MTTP: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MTTP Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MTTP Gene

(30) Drugs for MTTP Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, ApexBio, DGIdb, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Lomitapide Approved Pharma Target, antagonist 0
Hesperetin Approved Pharma Target, antagonist 0
atorvastatin Approved Pharma Competitive, Inhibitor 0
Pravastatin Approved Pharma Competitive, Inhibitor 153
Implitapide Investigational Pharma inhibitor, Target 0

(27) Additional Compounds for MTTP Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Triglycerides Group A
  • 1-Palmitoyl-2-palmitoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol
  • TAG(16:0/16:0/18:0)
  • TAG(50:0)
  • TG(16:0/16:0/18:0)
  • TG(50:0)
Triglycerides Group B
  • 1-Myristoyl-2-myristoyl-3-arachidonyl-glycerol
  • 1-Tetradecanoyl-2-tetradecanoyl-3-eicosanoyl-glycerol
  • TAG(14:0/14:0/20:0)
  • TAG(48:0)
  • TG(48:0)
555-45-3, 30719-27-8, 2190-24-1, 18641-57-1, 56933-26-7
Triglycerides Group C
  • 1,2, 3-Propanetriyl-Decanoate
  • 1,2, 3-Propanetriyl-Decanoic acid
  • 2,3-Bis(decanoyloxy)propyl decanoate
  • 2,3-Bis(decanoyloxy)propyl decanoate (ACD/Name 4.0)
  • 2,3-Bis(decanoyloxy)propyl decanoic acid
621-71-6, 555-44-2, 30773-83-2
Triglycerides Group D
  • 1-Stearoyl-2-stearoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol
  • TAG(18:0/18:0/18:0)
  • TAG(54:0)
  • TG(18:0/18:0/18:0)
  • TG(54:0)

(1) ApexBio Compounds for MTTP Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Lomitapide 182431-12-5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MTTP: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for MTTP Gene

Unigene Clusters for MTTP Gene

Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for MTTP
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MTTP Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MTTP Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
MTTP
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
MTTP

Expression for MTTP Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for MTTP Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for MTTP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x27.0) and Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x16.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MTTP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (22.4), Fetal gut (17.0), Pancreatic juice (13.1), and Fetal Liver (12.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for MTTP Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MTTP Gene:

MTTP

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MTTP Gene:

Hs.195799

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MTTP Gene:

P55157-MTP_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Liver and small intestine. Also found in ovary, testis and kidney.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MTTP Gene

  • Liver(4.8)
  • Intestine(4.7)
  • Kidney(4.3)
  • Blood(2.4)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MTTP Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Organs:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • eye
  • head
Abdomen:
  • gallbladder
  • intestine
  • large intestine
  • liver
  • pancreas
  • small intestine
General:
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • spinal column
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MTTP: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for MTTP Gene

Orthologs for MTTP Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MTTP Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MTTP 33 34
  • 99.33 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MTTP 33 34
  • 89.18 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MTTP 33 34
  • 88.18 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mttp 33 16 34
  • 84.55 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mttp 33
  • 84.49 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MTTP 34
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MTTP 34
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MTTP 33 34
  • 69.5 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MTTP 34
  • 65 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100487453 33
  • 64.87 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mtp 33 34 34
  • 59.26 (n)
Dr.19753 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Mtp 33 34
  • 41.03 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP010234 33
  • 40.33 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 41 (a)
OneToMany
-- 34
  • 31 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for MTTP was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MTTP Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for MTTP (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for MTTP (if available)

Paralogs for MTTP Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MTTP Gene

Variants for MTTP Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MTTP Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs199422220 Pathogenic, Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) [MIM:200100] 99,608,827(+) TGTGC(A/G)CACTG reference, missense
rs199422221 Pathogenic, Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) [MIM:200100] 99,619,094(+) TGAAA(A/T)ATAGG reference, missense
rs199422222 Pathogenic, Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) [MIM:200100] 99,608,977(+) TGCAA(G/T)GTATA reference, missense
rs372321643 Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) [MIM:200100] 99,608,826(+) CTGTG(C/T)GCACT reference, missense
rs767833468 Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) [MIM:200100] 99,618,993(+) ATCTG(A/G)ACTAA reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MTTP Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1240378 CNV insertion 17803354
esv2488524 CNV insertion 19546169
esv2728037 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3377330 CNV duplication 20981092
esv3564327 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3569627 CNV loss 25503493
esv3601557 CNV gain 21293372
nsv289933 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv478722 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv512831 CNV insertion 21212237

Variation tolerance for MTTP Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 60% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 14.52; 96.47% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MTTP Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
MTTP
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
MTTP

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTTP Gene

Disorders for MTTP Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(12) MalaCards diseases for MTTP Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
abetalipoproteinemia
  • familial hypobetalipoproteinemia
abdominal obesity-metabolic syndrome 1
  • metabolic syndrome x
hypobetalipoproteinemia
  • familial hypobetalipoproteinemia 1
chylomicron retention disease
  • anderson disease
nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
  • nash
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search MTTP in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

MTP_HUMAN
  • Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) [MIM:200100]: An autosomal recessive disorder of lipoprotein metabolism. Affected individuals produce virtually no circulating apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins (chylomicrons, VLDL, LDL, lipoprotein(A)). Malabsorption of the antioxidant vitamin E occurs, leading to spinocerebellar and retinal degeneration. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10679949, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10946006, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22236406, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23475612, ECO:0000269 PubMed:25108285, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26224785, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8939939}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for MTTP

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
MTTP
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
MTTP
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
MTTP
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MTTP: view

No data available for Genatlas for MTTP Gene

Publications for MTTP Gene

  1. Variants of the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein gene are associated with plasma cholesterol levels and body mass index. (PMID: 11792722) Ledmyr H … Ehrenborg E (Journal of lipid research 2002) 3 4 22 45 60
  2. Human microsomal triglyceride transfer protein large subunit gene structure. (PMID: 7545943) Sharp D … Wetterau JR (Biochemistry 1994) 3 4 22 25 60
  3. Association of polymorphisms of glutamate-cystein ligase and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein genes in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. (PMID: 19817962) Oliveira CP … Corrêa-Giannella ML (Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology 2010) 3 22 45 60
  4. Allele-specific regulation of MTTP expression influences the risk of ischemic heart disease. (PMID: 19546343) Aminoff A … Ehrenborg E (Journal of lipid research 2010) 3 22 45 60
  5. Polymorphisms of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein gene and phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase gene in alcoholic and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Koreans. (PMID: 19262398) Jun DW … Chae JD (European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 2009) 3 22 45 60

Products for MTTP Gene

Sources for MTTP Gene

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