Aliases for MTRR Gene
External Ids for MTRR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MTRR Gene
This gene encodes a member of the ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase (FNR) family of electron transferases. This protein functions in the synthesis of methionine by regenerating methionine synthase to a functional state. Because methionine synthesis requires methyl-group transfer by a folate donor, activity of the encoded enzyme is important for folate metabolism and cellular methylation. Mutations in this gene can cause homocystinuria-megaloblastic anemia, cbl E type. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]
GeneCards Summary for MTRR Gene
MTRR (5-Methyltetrahydrofolate-Homocysteine Methyltransferase Reductase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MTRR include Homocystinuria-Megaloblastic Anemia, Cbl E Type and Neural Tube Defects, Folate-Sensitive. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type. GO annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and flavin adenine dinucleotide binding. An important paralog of this gene is MIR4651.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTRR Gene
Involved in the reductive regeneration of cob(I)alamin (vitamin B12) cofactor required for the maintenance of methionine synthase in a functional state. Necessary for utilization of methylgroups from the folate cycle, thereby affecting transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. Folate pathway donates methyl groups necessary for cellular methylation and affects different pathways such as DNA methylation, possibly explaining the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance effects.