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Aliases for MTRF1L Gene

Aliases for MTRF1L Gene

  • Mitochondrial Translational Release Factor 1-Like 2 3 4
  • MtRF1a 3 4
  • Peptide Chain Release Factor 1-Like, Mitochondrial 3
  • Mitochondrial Release Factor 1 Like 3
  • HMRF1L 3
  • MRF1L 3

External Ids for MTRF1L Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MTRF1L Gene

  • GC06M153264
  • GC06M153340
  • GC06M153401
  • GC06M153351
  • GC06M153308
  • GC06M150871

Summaries for MTRF1L Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MTRF1L Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene plays a role in mitochondrial translation termination, and is thought to be a release factor that is involved in the dissociation of the complete protein from the final tRNA, the ribosome, and the cognate mRNA. This protein acts upon UAA and UAG stop codons, but has no in vitro activity against UGA, which encodes tryptophan in human mitochondrion, or, the mitochondrial non-cognate stop codons, AGA and AGG. This protein shares sequence similarity to bacterial release factors. Pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 4, 8, and 11. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

GeneCards Summary for MTRF1L Gene

MTRF1L (Mitochondrial Translational Release Factor 1-Like) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include translation release factor activity, codon specific. An important paralog of this gene is MTRF1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTRF1L Gene

  • Mitochondrial peptide chain release factor that directs the termination of translation in response to the peptide chain termination codons UAA and UAG.

Gene Wiki entry for MTRF1L Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MTRF1L Gene

Genomics for MTRF1L Gene

Regulatory Elements for MTRF1L Gene

Genomic Location for MTRF1L Gene

152,987,265 bp from pter
153,002,790 bp from pter
15,526 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MTRF1L Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for MTRF1L Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MTRF1L Gene

Proteins for MTRF1L Gene

  • Protein details for MTRF1L Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Peptide chain release factor 1-like, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KTA0
    • Q3KR06
    • Q5TF44
    • Q5TF50
    • Q96CC5
    • Q96EX4
    • Q96K40

    Protein attributes for MTRF1L Gene

    380 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    43600 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for MTRF1L Gene


neXtProt entry for MTRF1L Gene

Proteomics data for MTRF1L Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MTRF1L Gene

  • Methylation of glutamine in the GGQ triplet is conserved from bacteria to mammals.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MTRF1L Gene

Domains for MTRF1L Gene

Protein Domains for MTRF1L Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q9UGC7
  • Belongs to the prokaryotic/mitochondrial release factor family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MTRF1L: view

No data available for Gene Families for MTRF1L Gene

Function for MTRF1L Gene

Molecular function for MTRF1L Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Mitochondrial peptide chain release factor that directs the termination of translation in response to the peptide chain termination codons UAA and UAG.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MTRF1L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003747 translation release factor activity --
GO:0016149 translation release factor activity, codon specific IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MTRF1L: view

Phenotypes for MTRF1L Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MTRF1L: view

miRNA for MTRF1L Gene

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for MTRF1L Gene

Localization for MTRF1L Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTRF1L Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MTRF1L Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MTRF1L gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MTRF1L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MTRF1L: view

Pathways for MTRF1L Gene

SuperPathways for MTRF1L Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MTRF1L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006415 translational termination --
GO:0006996 organelle organization TAS --
GO:0032543 mitochondrial translation TAS --
GO:0070126 mitochondrial translational termination TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MTRF1L: view

No data available for Pathways by source for MTRF1L Gene

Transcripts for MTRF1L Gene

Unigene Clusters for MTRF1L Gene

Mitochondrial translational release factor 1-like:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MTRF1L Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MTRF1L Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MTRF1L Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MTRF1L Gene

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MTRF1L Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MTRF1L Gene Hs.225836

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MTRF1L Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in skeletal muscle (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with MTRF1L: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for MTRF1L Gene

Orthologs for MTRF1L Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for MTRF1L Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MTRF1L 35
  • 99.3 (n)
  • 98.42 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MTRF1L 35
  • 87.72 (n)
  • 85.79 (a)
  • 86 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MTRF1L 35
  • 89.21 (n)
  • 86.05 (a)
  • 92 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mtrf1l 35
  • 81.49 (n)
  • 82.75 (a)
Mtrf1l 16
Mtrf1l 36
  • 80 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MTRF1L 36
  • 76 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MTRF1L 36
  • 77 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mtrf1l 35
  • 82.03 (n)
  • 82.75 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MTRF1L 35
  • 72.74 (n)
  • 70.87 (a)
  • 64 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MTRF1L 36
  • 64 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mtrf1l 35
  • 71.76 (n)
  • 73.89 (a)
Str.13385 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100333733 35
  • 62.66 (n)
  • 59.76 (a)
mtrf1l 36
  • 59 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012082 35
  • 52.4 (n)
  • 54.55 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG5705 35
  • 51.21 (n)
  • 47.32 (a)
CG5705 36
  • 38 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea W03F8.3 35
  • 47.35 (n)
  • 37.38 (a)
W03F8.3 36
  • 29 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ADL284C 35
  • 45.92 (n)
  • 45.32 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes MRF1 35
  • 49.78 (n)
  • 43.05 (a)
MRF1 36
  • 32 (a)
MRF1 38
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0E14807g 35
  • 49.39 (n)
  • 40.49 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons APG3 35
  • 52.23 (n)
  • 42.68 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os11g0657100 35
  • 51.98 (n)
  • 42.77 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU06721 35
  • 43.74 (n)
  • 33.75 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPAC2F7.17 35
  • 50.28 (n)
  • 41.36 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 33 (a)
Species with no ortholog for MTRF1L:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MTRF1L Gene

Gene Tree for MTRF1L (if available)
Gene Tree for MTRF1L (if available)

Paralogs for MTRF1L Gene

Paralogs for MTRF1L Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for MTRF1L Gene using alignment to 4 proteins: Pseudogenes for MTRF1L Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MTRF1L: view

Variants for MTRF1L Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MTRF1L Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs743010 -- 152,998,433(-) TTTTT(A/T)AAATT intron-variant
rs766127 -- 152,992,697(+) CCCAC(A/G)GAGTA intron-variant
rs926921 -- 153,000,725(+) TTTAC(C/T)TCTCA intron-variant
rs2038332 -- 152,999,591(+) gaggg(A/G)cccag intron-variant
rs2038333 -- 152,999,825(+) taccc(C/T)gtctt intron-variant

Relevant External Links for MTRF1L Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MTRF1L Gene

Disorders for MTRF1L Gene

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for MTRF1L Gene

Relevant External Links for MTRF1L

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MTRF1L: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTRF1L Gene

Publications for MTRF1L Gene

  1. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4
  2. mtRF1a is a human mitochondrial translation release factor decoding the major termination codons UAA and UAG. (PMID: 17803939) Soleimanpour-Lichaei H.R. … Chrzanowska-Lightowlers Z. (Mol. Cell 2007) 3 4
  3. The human mitochondrial translation release factor HMRF1L is methylated in the GGQ motif by the methyltransferase HMPrmC. (PMID: 18541145) Ishizawa T. … Takeuchi N. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2008) 3 4
  4. Candidate gene/loci studies in cleft lip/palate and dental anomalies finds novel susceptibility genes for clefts. (PMID: 18978678) Vieira A.R. … Marazita M.L. (Genet. Med. 2008) 3 48
  5. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 48

Products for MTRF1L Gene

Sources for MTRF1L Gene

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